Anson Phelps Stokes:
My interest in Anson Phelps Stokes grew out of the 1928
Introduction written by Anson Phelps Stokes
for Monroe Nathan
Works Bibliography of the Negro. I went online in hope of
finding a biography and photo of the man. And I found nearly
nothing that made sense. It became clear that there were more
than one Anson Phelps Stokes -- a father and son who had the
same name. And then I discovered that there was an Anson Phelps
Stokes, Jr. I thought that this junior was the same fellow that
wrote the introduction for the bibliography. But then I
discovered this photo above (right) of an Anson Phelps Stokes who was
the eleventh Episcopal bishop of Massachusetts (1956-1970).
It thus seemed impossible that this Anson was the same Anson that
had written the 1911 letter to Booker T. Washington, nor could
have he been the man
that Henry Louis Gates had mentioned who attempted to organized
the publication of an Encyclopedia of the Negro in 1931. I
finally discovered that there were three Anson Phelps Stokes.
The Diocesan Library and Archives (of The Episcopal Diocese of
Massachusetts) finally sent me Anson Phelps Stokes (the father)
image above which was copied from The Berkshire Eagle (August
14, 1958). This article at Stokes' death recalled his
accomplishment and contributions to American society.
The first Anson Phelps Stokes (1838-1913), born in New York
City, was a merchant, banker, publicist, and multimillionaire.
He was the son of John Boulter and Caroline (Phelps) Stokes. He
was brother of William Earl Dodge Stokes and Olivia Egleston
Phelps Stokes. His grandfather was the London merchant Thomas
Stokes, one of the thirteen founders of the London Missionary
Society and later an active supporter of the American Bible
Society, the American Tract Society and the American peace
A man of pronounced piety and a promoter of benevolent
enterprises, Anson Phelps Stokes was also the grandson of Anson
Greene Phelps and a descendant of George Phelps who emigrated
from Gloucestershire, England to Dorchester, Massachusetts about
1630. His immediate ancestors were noted for their business
ability, religious civic, and philanthropic interests.
As a boy he entered the employ of the family business Phelps,
Dodge & Company, a mercantile establishment founded by his
grandfather. In 1861, he became a partner and also a member of
the firm of Phelps, James & Company, Liverpool. In 1879, he
organized he organized the firm of Phelps, Stokes & Company,
On October 17, 1865, Anson Phelps Stokes married Helen
Louisa, daughter of Isaac Newton Phelps. Obviously, the two were
cousins. At the time of his
death in New York City, fifteen years after he lost one of his
legs, Anson Phelps Stokes was survived by four sons and five
The second Anson Phelps Stokes (1874-1958), born in
New Brighton on Staten Island, was am educator and clergyman. He
was the son of multimillionaire banker Anson Phelps Stokes and
Helen Louisa Phelps. After his graduation from Yale in
1896 with a B.A. degree, the younger Anson traveled mostly in
the Far East. In 1897 Anson the Younger entered the Episcopal
Theological School in Cambridge, Massachusetts to prepare for
the priesthood, which he entered formally in 1925.
Granted an honorary M.A. in 1900 as he received his
bachelor of divinity degree, Stokes agreed a year
earlier (1899) to serve as secretary of Yale University,
second in command after the president.
He also served as assistant rector of St. Paul's
Episcopal Church in New Have (1900-19180.
Stokes was resident
canon (1924-1939) at the National Cathedral (Episcopal) in
Washington, D.C.. During his time in the nation's capital he was
involved in numerous and varied social, cultural, and
ecclesiastical causes. During this period. he guided the
philanthropy of the Phelps Stokes Fund (established in 1911)
toward the improving the lives of African and American blacks.
In 1936, Stokes published a brief biography of Booker T.
Washington, which was an extension of an earlier sketch he had
done for the
Dictionary of American Biography.
saw all of his work as "fellowship in the gospel"
(Philemon 1:5). He died in his Lenox. Massachusetts home after a
* * *
Relevant Anson Phelps Stokes Bibliography
Phelps Stokes. Tuskegee Institute--The First Fifty Years (1931).
Anson Phelps Stokes. Art and the Color Line: An Appeal
made May 31, 1939 to the President General and Other Officers of
the Daughters of the American Revolution to Modify the Rules so
as to Permit Distinguish Negro Artists such as Marian Anderson
to be Heard in Constitution Hall. Washington, 1939.
Encyclopedia of the Negro; preparatory volume with reference
lists and reports. by W. E. B. Du Bois and Guy B. Johnson
prepared with the cooperation of E. Irene Diggs, Agnes C. L.
Donohugh, Guion Johnson, et all. Introduction by Anson Phelps
Stokes. New York: The Phelps-Stokes Fund, Inc., 1946.
Phelps-Stokes, Anson, et al. Negro Status and Race
Relations in the United States, 1911-1946; the Thirty-Five Year
Report of the Phelps-Stokes Fund. New York: Phelps-Stokes
Anson Phelps Stokes,
Church and State in the United States.
Three volumes. (1950).
An Addendum to Anson II. Part of my confusion on the
three Ansoms was caused by an online letter published by the University
of Illinois Press to Booker T. Washington. Though the letter
is signed "Anson Phelps Stokes," the editor places
above this November 2, 1911 letter "From Anson Phelps
Stokes, Jr." Of course, that would have been an
impossibility in that Junior was only six years old. However the
contents of the letter are important:
New Haven, Conn. November
My dear Mr. Washington: I
enclose herewith for your confidential information a
proposal which I expect to bring before the Phelps-Stokes
Trustees at their next meeting. You will see that it is an
attempt to help in the solution of the negro problem from
a different side than has been emphasized in the past,
namely by training at a great Southern university a group
of Southern white students who will investigate the negro
and his problems with the view to assisting in improving
conditions. I have talked the matter over carefully with
Dr. Dillard and Dr. Aldermen who feel that the plan is a
very important one. I would appreciate your estimate of it
and any suggestion that you may make regarding it. If
successful I hope we may be able to establish a similar
fellowship with result in accomplishing three purposes.
First. the mere existence
of the fellowship at a Southern white university under
state auspices will be significant.
Second. The researches of
these fellows should result in bringing together a body of
facts regarding the negro that will be of material
assistance in solving his problem.
Third. the fellows should
form a body of men who would be of great assistance in the
future in leading in various educational and sociological
movements in the South. very truly yours,
Anson Phelps Stokes
Born in New Haven, Anson Phelps Stokes, Jr.
(1905-1986), son of Anson Phelps and Carol G. (Mitchell) Stokes,
was a clergyman, ordained a priest in the Protestant Episcopal
Church in 1933.. He received his BA from Yale in 1927; BD,
Episcopal Theological Seminary, Cambridge; DD, Kenyon College,
1953; STD, Columbia, 1954, Berkley Divinity School, New Haven,
1962, Suffolk University, 1968.
Anson Phelps Stokes, Jr. rose to become Bishop of the Diocese of
(1956-1970). Like his father, he too became a
Trustee of the Phelps Stokes Fund (New York).
His home was in Brookline, Massachusetts. he died
November 7, 1986
Caroline Phelps Stokes (1854-1909), American
philanthropist, was the sister of Anson Phelps Stokes (1838-1913).
She endowed the Phelps-Stokes Fund for the underprivileged. She
was also author of Travels of a Lady's Maid (1908).
Noam Chomsky: Obama Administration and US Foreign
Chomsky talks about the secret US foreign policy
Chomsky talks about the secret US foreign policy 2
Noam Chomsky—Interview w/ Israeli News 2010 2 of 3
* * *
* * * * *
Super Rich: A Guide to Having it All
By Russell Simmons
Russell Simmons knows firsthand that
wealth is rooted in much more than the
market. True wealth has more to do with
what's in your heart than what's in your
wallet. Using this knowledge, Simmons
became one of America's shrewdest
entrepreneurs, achieving a level of
success that most investors only dream
about. No matter how much material gain
he accumulated, he never stopped lending
a hand to those less fortunate. In
Super Rich, Simmons uses his rare
blend of spiritual savvy and
street-smart wisdom to offer a new
definition of wealth-and share timeless
principles for developing an unshakable
sense of self that can weather any
financial storm. As Simmons says, "Happy
can make you money, but money can't make
* * *
Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in
By Melissa V.
According to the
author, this society has historically exerted
considerable pressure on black females to fit into one
of a handful of stereotypes, primarily, the Mammy, the
Matriarch or the Jezebel. The selfless
Mammy’s behavior is marked by a slavish devotion to
white folks’ domestic concerns, often at the expense of
those of her own family’s needs. By contrast, the
relatively-hedonistic Jezebel is a sexually-insatiable
temptress. And the Matriarch is generally thought of as
an emasculating figure who denigrates black men, ala the
characters Sapphire and Aunt Esther on the television
shows Amos and Andy and Sanford and Son, respectively.
points out how the propagation of these harmful myths
have served the mainstream culture well. For instance,
the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for
black females to feel a maternal instinct towards
As for the source
of the Jezebel, black women had no control over their
own bodies during slavery given that they were being
auctioned off and bred to maximize profits. Nonetheless,
it was in the interest of plantation owners to propagate
the lie that sisters were sluts inclined to mate
* * *
(Books, DVDs, Music, and more)
update 3 January 2012