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Mr. Carnegie's answer to the question, What is the best gift which can be given to a community? is that in his judgment "a free library occupies the first place, provided the community will accept and maintain it as a public institution, as much a part of the city property as its public schools, and, indeed, an adjunct to these."
 

 

A Book of Carnegie Libraries

By Theodore Wesley Koch

Table of Contents

 

I   Andrew Carnegie .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-6

          A character sketch by Hamilton W. Mabie.

II. Method of  Giving  .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-16

          The "Gospel of Wealth." - Mr. Carnegie's library creed - Colonel James Anderson of Allegheny and his Library Institute. - The Anderson Memorial. - Methods of giving. - President Roosevelt on Carnegie libraries. -The maintenance requirement - The value of Mr. Carnegie's example. -quoted. - Carnegie Corporation organized. - Total benefactions to Jan. 1, 1917.

III. Documents Relating to the Establishment of the New York City Branches . . . . . .19-33

IV. The Architecture of the Manhattan Branches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34-41

           The nature of the branches. - The architecture a compromise. - Uniformity of design. - The general type described. - Conditions imposed by the trustees. - Text of the agreement between the architects 'and trustees.

V. Carnegie Libraries and Good Learning, By Arthur E. Bostwick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42-49

           The growth of the library movement - The increase in reading. - The need for metropolitan branch libraries. - Quality of the reading done. - The percentage of fiction. - The development of circulating libraries in New York.

VI. Reaching the People . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . 50-61

          The opening of the frst of the Carnegie branches in New York City. - Opening of the Hudson Park Branch. - Work oh the East Side. - The open-air reading room. The Yorkville and Rivington Street Branches. - Hudson Park, Mott Haven, and other branches.

VII. The Brooklyn Branches .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62-73

          Report of the consulting architect. - The determination of the type of branch buildings to he erected. - The question of uniformity of style. - The number of architects and the method of their selection. - Instructions to architects.

VIII. Eastern Libraries .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79-94

          Melrose and Clinton, Mass. - Norwalk, Conn. - Philadelphia, Pa. - Syracuse and Binghamton, N.Y. -Johnstown and Amsterdarn, N.Y. - East Orange, N.J.

IX. The Public Library of the District of Columbia .  .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95-103

         History of the Library. - The work under way. - Children's room. -Lecture hall and study room. - Reaching out among the people. - Plans for the future. - Remarks of President Roosevelt and Mr. Carnegie at the dedication.

X. The South . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104-121

         The traveling library of Hagerstown, MD - Carnegie Library of Atlanta, GA- Nashville and Chattanooga, TN. - Norfolk, VA - Tuskegee, AL --  Jacksonville, Florida.

XI. Pittsburg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122-138

         Carnegie Institute physically the largest of the institutions founded by Mr. Carnegie. - History of the library movement in Pittsburg. - Branch libraries. - The enlargement of the Institute.

XII. Ohio and Michigan  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139-151

         Branch libraries in Cincinnati. - Development of branch libraries in Cleve land. - Work with children at the Broadway branch. - The Miles Park and the Woodland branches. - Home libraries. - Port Huron, Michigan.

XIII. Wisconsin and the Middle West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152-165

        Madison, Wisconsin. - The essentials of library architecture. - Elkhart, Indiana. - Freeport and Streator, Illinois. - Kaukauna and Baraboo, Wisconsin.

XIV. Iowa and the Far West. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166-182

         Carnegie libraries in Iowa. - Monticello, Marshalltown, and Eldora as typical of small libraries designed by Patton & Miller. Davenport, Iowa. -Leavenworth, Kansas. - Lincoln, Nebraska. - Springfield and Sedalia, Missouri.

XV. The Southwest and the Rocky Mountain Region. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .183-193

        Dallas and Port Worth, Texas. - Cheyenne, Wyoming. - Colorado Springs.

XVI. California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . ..194-206

        San Diego. - Oakland. - Alasneda. - San Jose. - Riverside. -Pomona. -Santa Ana.

XVII. Library Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207-220

        Responsibility of the library board. - Necessity for cooperation between architect and librarian. - First work must be done by the librarian. - Considerations entering into the planning of the library. - Circular of information issued by the Carnegie Corporation. - The essentials of a small building. -Mr. John Cotton Dana's view~ - Location of the stacks. - Location of the librarian's room. - The question of the auditorium. - Planning for a $20,000 building. - Planning for a $50,000 building. -Conclusion.

Index to Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  221

Index to Plates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . .  225

Appendix -- List of Plates

Source: Theodore Wesley Koch. A Book of Carnegie Libraries. Publisher: The H. W. Wilson Company / White Plains, NY / 1917

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update 19 April 2010

 

 

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