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for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes


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ChickenBones Black Arts and Black Power Figures

Compiled by Rudolph Lewis



CDs of Charlie Parker

The Essential Charlie Parker  /  Charlie Parker: A Studio Chronicle 1940-1948  / Charlie Parker with Strings /

Diz 'N Bird at Carnegie Hall  / The Best of Charlie Parker  /  Jazz at Massey Hall  / Boss Bird

South of the Border  /  Confirmation  / Ornithology YardBird Suite

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What We Want

By Stokely Carmichael

A Christian Goon Squad in Black Baltimore

By Rudolph Lewis

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Racism: A History, the 2007 BBC 3-part documentary explores the impact of racism on a global scale. It was part of the season of programs on the BBC marking the 200th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. It's divided into 3 parts.

The first, The Colour of Money . . . Racism: A History [2007]—1/3

Begins the series by assessing the implications of the relationship between Europe, Africa and the Americas in the 15th century. It considers how racist ideas and practices developed in key religious and secular institutions, and how they showed up in writings by European philosophers Aristotle and Immanuel Kant.

The second, Fatal Impact . . . Racism: A History [2007] - 2/3

Examines the idea of scientific racism, an ideology invented during the 19th century that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology and provided an ideological justification for racism and slavery. The episode shows how these theories ultimately led to eugenics and Nazi racial policies of the master race.

And the 3rd, A Savage Legacy . . .  Racism: A History [2007] - 3/3

Examines the impact of racism in the 20th century. By 1900 European colonial expansion had reached deep into the heart of Africa. Under the rule of King Leopold II, the Belgian Congo was turned into a vast rubber plantation. Men, women and children who failed to gather their latex quotas would have their limbs dismembered. The country became the scene of one of the century's greatest racial genocides, as an estimated 10 million Africans perished under colonial rule.

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Henry Austan

Amiri Baraka

Askia M. Touré

James Boggs

Ed Bullins

Sam Cornish

Tom Dent

Mari Evans

Nikki Giovanni

Calvin Hernton

Lance Jeffries

Maulana Karenga

Maya Angelou

Romare Bearden

Gwendolyn Brooks

John Henrik Clarke 

Jayne Cortez  

W.E.B. DuBois

James Forman

Dingane Joe Goncalves

David Henderson

Ted Joans

Bob Kaufman

James Baldwin

Grace Lee Boggs

Sterling Brown

Eldridge Cleaver

Harold Cruse  

Henry Dumas

Hoyt W. Fuller

Langston Hughes

C.L.R. James

June Jordan

Keorapetse Kgositsile

John O. Killens

Oliver La Grone

Audre Lorde

Haki Madhubuti (Don L. Lee)

Fred D. Mason

Etheridge Knight

Abbey Lincoln

Robert "Kaki" McQueen

Clarence Major

Ron Milner

Walter Hall Lively

Naomi Long Madgett

Malcolm X

Marvin X

Robert Moore

Toni Morrison

Robert Lee Penny

Eugene Redmond

Sonia Sanchez

Nina Simone

Cecil Taylor

Lorenzo Thomas

Kwame Turé (Stokely Carmichael)

Jerry W. Ward Jr.

August Wilson    

Larry Neal 

Rob Penny

Sterling Plumpp

Ishmael Reed   Willie Ricks

Amin Sharif

A.B. Spellman

Barbara Ann Teer

Askia M. Toure

Alice Walker

Robert Williams

Jay Wright

Huey Newton

Dudley Randall

Carolyn Rodgers

Archie Shepp

Sun Ra 

Barbara Ann Teer

Michael Thelwell

Quincy Troupe

Margaret Walker

Sherley Anne Williams 

Kalamu ya Salaam

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Margaret Burroughs DuSable Museum

(Co-Founder) at 93 Joins the Ancestors

Many Say Well Done, a Sad Farewell

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"The New Journalism began on the Lower East Side in the mid-sixties when poets and fiction writers became reporters for The East Village Other, mother of the Underground Press. David Henderson was one of the pioneers of the style. He combines his gifts as a poet and a reporter in 'Scuse Me While I Kiss the Sky, and the result is a rewarding and unique reading experience. It is part thriller and part lament for some tragic lives who enlivened an exciting decade."— Ishmael Reed

The poet and writer  David Henderson was a founding member of the Umbra Poets, an influential collective of poets and writers who were central to the Black Arts Movement. His books include De Mayor of Harlem and Neo-California. He has been widely published in anthologies and magazines, including The Def Jam Poetry Reader, The Paris Review, and Essence. He has read from his poetry for the permanent archives of the Library of Congress. Born in Harlem and raised in Harlem and the Bronx, Henderson now lives in downtown New York City.

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Amiri Baraka  and Marvin X still speaking

 revolutionary truths in the 21st century

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Towards a Black Aesthetic

By Hoyt W. Fuller


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Track List
1.  Congo Square (9:01)
2.  My Story, My Song (20:50)
3.  Danny Banjo (4:32)
4.  Miles Davis (10:26)
5.  Hard News For Hip Harry (5:03)
6.  Unfinished Blues (4:13)
7.  Rainbows Come After The Rain (2:21)/Negroidal Noise (15:53)
8.  Intro (3:59)
9.  The Whole History (3:14)
10.  Negroidal Noise (5:39)
11.  Waving At Ra (1:40)
12.  Landing (1:21)
13.  Good Luck (:04)

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Nathan Hare—Great post, Rudy, but you left out 1961 to 1966, my maiden years, when some of us were thinking black. Baraka was there all the way— as Leroi Jones until 1967—and just about everybody else. My first article was "The Black Anglo Saxons" [The Negro Digest, May 1962] something like March of 1962. Negro Digest was a godsend. Nothing like it now. Of course none of the old publications, white or black—even when they haven't folded—is what it used to be. Of course people have only to google the other years, from 1961 to its switch to Black World circa 1970. Black World in turn went on to fold, as you know, switching to First World. Editor-Founder Hoyt Fuller soon died of a heart attack at 53. A great loss. Hoyt was an important person who should not be forgotten. Thanks for posting this notice of his stellar publication. P.S. Negro Digest could even be found on a few white drugstore racks, but it was black for those days. Of course the Black Arts Movement, by that name, escalated art and blackness as such and took it out of the magazine into places like Black Dialogue after Black Power came in 1966.

The Black Anglo Saxons

By Nathan Hare

Black Anglo Saxons are distinguished chiefly by their endeavors to dis-identify with the black race out of a thwarted wish to be identified as white. This underground classic is a penetrating often humorous analysis of a particular portion of the black middle class that disidentifies with the black race in search of psychological and social distance from it, in preference for identifying with the white Anglo Saxons. Black Anglo Saxons are persons who have become white minds in black bodies go to sleep at night and dream that they will wake up white, only to awake to the indelible fact that they will never get out of the black race alive. (Note that some of them today are “afro-centric,” called “Nouveau Blacks” in the late 1960s as chronicled by The Black Anglo Saxons, though Nouveau Blacks may be distinguished from “bourgies” and “oreos” and “coconuts” per se).

The late sociologist, Oliver Cox, placed The Black Anglo Saxons in “the Black Bourgeoisie School” with E. Franklin Frazier’s Black Bourgeoisie (first published in France as Borgeoisie Noir) and Carter G. Woodson’s self-published black classic, The Miseducation of the Negro. An underground classic, The Black Anglo Saxons was first published in 1965, by New York’s Marzani and Munsell (which the book outlasted); a second edition, in 1970, was distributed through Collier-Macmillan by Thunder and Lighting Press, which the book also outlasted; the Third World Press Edition has been in print since 1991. The Black Anglo Saxons may also be ordered from Black Think Tank Books. BlackThinkTank

Dr. Nathan Hare—the eminent sociologist and psychotherapist—was born on April 9, 1933 in Slick, Oklahoma. He received an A.B. degree in sociology from Langston University, Langston, Oklahoma; and an M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago. He also obtained a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the California School Of Professional Psychology located in Berkeley, California in 1975.

Hare planned on becoming a professional boxer until one of his high school teachers suggested he attend college. In college, he began taking sociology classes and switched his major from English to sociology. He became an instructor and assistant professor in sociology at Howard University in Washington, D.C. in 1961. Later in September 1966, he wrote a letter to the editor of the The Hilltop, Howard University's student newspaper, that was viewed as being unfavorable to the college administration. Hare spoke against then Howard University president James Nabrit's plan to turn the university's student body sixty percent white by 1970. Hare was then fired in 1967.

In 1968, Hare became the coordinator of the nation's first Black Studies Program at San Francisco State College. The following semester, the college decided to make major cutbacks in the Black Studies Program, cutting its courses from 16 to 9. As a result, Hare and the Black Student Union went on strike for five months. He was fired in 1969 after the strike was called off. Nonetheless, the program's courses were expanded and a Black Studies Department was established. Needing a way to express his thoughts and the ideas of others, he became the founding publisher of The Black Scholar: A Journal of Black Studies and Research from 1969 to 1975. Expanding on his study of black relationships he has worked as a clinical psychologist in community health programs, hospitals and in private practice since 1975. Along with his wife, Dr. Julia Hare, he established The Black Think Tank in 1979, which focuses on issues affecting the black family.

Source: TheHistoryMakers

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Lance Jeffers (1919–1985), poet, short fiction writer, and novelist. Lance Jeffers might accurately be described as a black nationalist without a movement. While he spanned the decades identified with the Black Aesthetic and writers of the 1960s, he was not included in the circles of those most associated with those militant times (though Broadside Press, which published many writers of the 1960s, did publish a couple of his volumes). Yet Jeffers's political stances as a poet are culturally nationalistic and informed by a consistent appreciation of the beauty and possibilities in black people. Though a few critics have paid attention to his work, he is among many less well-known African American writers whose works have not been incorporated into the mainstream of critical commentary on African American or American literature. In addition to singly published volumes, however, his works have appeared in anthologies such as The Best Short Stories of 1948, Burning Spear, A Galaxy of Black Writing, New Black Voices, and Black Fire, as well as in journals such as Phylon, Quarto, and the Tamarack Review.

Lance Jeffers was born in Fremont, Nebraska, on 28 November 1919 to Henry Nelson and Dorothy May Flippin; he was their only child. His grandfather, Dr. George Albert Flippin, raised him in Stromburg, Nebraska, from the time Lance was one year old; it was this relative who inspired Grandsire, one of Jeffers's volumes of poetry. Lance lived in Nebraska until his grandfather died in 1929. These years turned out to be the most formative of his career, and his grandfather proved to be perhaps the strongest influence on his life, but Lance was in essence separated from large numbers of black people. Reclaiming ties to African heritage and African peoples would occupy Jeffers for the rest of his life. At the age of ten, Lance moved to San Francisco to join his mother and stepfather, Forrest Jeffers, who was a janitor in a building whose tenants were white. Thus Jeffers did not immediately encounter many more black people than he had living with his grandfather and his white wife in Nebraska. Forrest Jeffers encouraged Lance to seek out other blacks, and he taught Jeffers the value of endurance under racially difficult circumstances. . . . —Answers

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When I Know the Power of My Black Hands

                                                                               By Lance Jeffers

I do not know the power of my hand, I do not know the power of my black hand.
I sit slumped in the conviction that I am powerless,
tolerate ceilings that make me bend.
My godly mind stoops, my ambition is crippled;
I do not know the power of my hand.
I see my children stunted,
my young men slaughtered,
I do not know the mighty power of my hand.
I see the power over my life and death in another man's hands, and sometimes I shake my woolly head and wonder:
Lord have mercy. What would it be like . . . to be free?
But when I know the mighty power of my black hand
I will snatch my freedom from the tyrant's mouth, know the first taste of freedom on my eager tongue, sing the miracle of freedom with all the force
of my lungs,
christen my black land with exuberant creation, stand independent in the hall of nations, root submission and dependence from the soil of my soul and pitch the monument of slavery from my back when I know the mighty power of my hand!

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Capitalism and Slavery

By Eric Williams

Slavery helped finance the Industrial Revolution in England. Plantation owners, shipbuilders, and merchants connected with the slave trade accumulated vast fortunes that established banks and heavy industry in Europe and expanded the reach of capitalism worldwide.

Eric Williams advanced these powerful ideas in Capitalism and Slavery, published in 1944. Years ahead of its time, his profound critique became the foundation for studies of imperialism and economic development. Binding an economic view of history with strong moral argument, Williams's study of the role of slavery in financing the Industrial Revolution refuted traditional ideas of economic and moral progress and firmly established the centrality of the African slave trade in European economic development. He also showed that mature industrial capitalism in turn helped destroy the slave system.

Establishing the exploitation of commercial capitalism and its link to racial attitudes, Williams employed a historicist vision that set the tone for future studies. In a new introduction, Colin Palmer assesses the lasting impact of Williams's groundbreaking work and analyzes the heated scholarly debates it generated when it first appeared.

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Eric Williams and the Making of the Modern Caribbean

By Colin A. Palmer

Born in Trinidad, Eric Williams (1911-81) founded the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago's first modern political party in 1956, led the country to independence from the British culminating in 1962, and became the nation's first prime minister. Before entering politics, he was a professor at Howard University and wrote several books, including the classic Capitalism and Slavery. In the first scholarly biography of Williams, Colin Palmer provides insights into Williams's personality that illuminate his life as a scholar and politician and his tremendous influence on the historiography and politics of the Caribbean.

Palmer focuses primarily on the fourteen-year period of struggles for independence in the Anglophone Caribbean.

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Africa and Afro-American Identity

Problems and Possibilities

By Everett E. Goodwin

The 10 Biggest Myths About Black History  The Black Experience in America is Unique  Folk Life in Black and White


Guarding the Flame of Life / Strange Fruit Lynching Report

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The State of African Education (April 200)

Attack On Africans Writing Their Own History Part 1 of 7

Dr Asa Hilliard III speaks on the assault of academia on Africans writing and accounting for their own history.

Dr Hilliard is A teacher, psychologist, and historian.

Part 2 of 7  /  Part 3 of 7  / Part 4 of 7  / Part 5 of 7 / Part 6 of 7  /  Part 7 of 7

John Henrik Clarke—A Great and Mighty Walk

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Black Arts and Cultural Revolution

A Brief History—1966 to 1980

By Askia M. Touré

Marvin X and Fresno State University  Askia Touré and Marvin X on Black Studies

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Books, Essays, Poems


Amistad 2  Ark of Bones (Dumas)
The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones (Baraka) The Black Arts Movement (Smethurst)
The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual  (Cruse) Dawnsong! (Toure)
Die Nigger Die! H. Rap Brown (Sharif's review) Emerge & See (Medina)
Hoodoo Hollerin Bebop Ghosts (Neal) Manifesto: Revolutionary Suicide: The Way of Liberation (Newton)
Play Ebony  Play Ivory (Dumas) Poems from Prison (Knight)
Poetry for My People (Dumas) Somebody Blew Up America & Other Poems (Baraka)
Soul on Ice (Cleaver) Trouble the Water
What Is Life?  (Kalamu) 1935 A Memoir

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A Retrospective on 

H. Rap Brown's Die Nigger Die!

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Sam Greenlee—novelist, poet, screenwriter, journalist, teacher and talk show host—was born 13 July 1930 in Chicago. He attended Chicago public schools. At age fifteen,  Greenlee participated in his first sit-in and walked his first picked line. His social activism continues.  In 1952, Greenlee received his B.S. in political science from the University of Wisconsin and the following year attended law school. He transferred to the University of Chicago to study international relations from 1954 to 1957. In 1957, he began a seven-year career with the U.S. Information Agency as a foreign services officer, serving in Iraq, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Greece, and in 1958 he was awarded the Meritorious Service Award for bravery during the Baghdad revolution.

Greenlee's novel The Spook Who Sat By the Door, was published in 1968. Prize-winning its fictionalization of an urban-based war for African American liberation became an underground favorite. Greenlee co-wrote a screenplay adaptation of the novel, and in 1973 The Spook Who Sat by the Door was released on film. The film was an overnight success when it was released but was unexpectedly taken out of distribution.

Greenlee has written numerous novels, stage plays, screenplays and poems. He moved back to Chicago after several years of voluntary exile in Spain and West Africa and is hosted a radio talk show program. He is presently working on his autobiography.

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  William Kunstler: Disturbing the Universe

Directed by Emily Kunstler and Sarah Kunstler

The metamorphosis of Kunstler, who died in 1995, from armchair liberal to middle-aged hippie revolutionary reflected the volatile political climate of the era. A general-practice lawyer who lived in Westchester County, he became involved in the civil rights movement through a local housing lawsuit in 1960; the following year he flew to Mississippi at the behest of Rowland Watts, the legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union, to support the Freedom Riders.

Later he defended the Catonsville Nine—Roman Catholic activists, including Daniel and Philip Berrigan —who burned draft files to protest the Vietnam War. He achieved national notoriety as the lead counsel in the theatrical trial of the Chicago Seven, who were accused of conspiracy and inciting to riot during the 1968 Democratic National Convention.

It was the events surrounding that trial that radicalized Kunstler, the film says. He was outraged by the treatment of the Black Panther activist Bobby Seale, the eighth defendant, whose trial was severed during the proceedings and who was bound and gagged in the courtroom after hurling invective at Judge Julius Hoffman. NYTimes


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Poet, Activist, Sonia Sanchez Reading Toni Cade Bambara

Civil Rights Movement Veterans Website—This website is of, by, and for Veterans of the Southern Freedom Movement during the years 1951-1968. It is where we tell it like it was, the way we lived it. The mass media called it the "Civil Rights Movement," but many of us who were involved in it prefer the term "Freedom Movement" because it was about so much more than just civil rights. Today, from what you see in the mass media and read in textbooks and websites, you would think that the Freedom Movement only existed in a few states of the deep South, — but that is not so. The Freedom Movement lived and fought in every state and every city of America, North, South, East, and West. There were some differences between the Southern and Northern wings of the Movement, but those differences were minor compared to the Movement's essence. North or South, it was the same movement everywhere.

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Dudley Randall and Audre Lorde

Librarians, poets, and educators

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Essays, Reports, Reviews, Interviews, Excerpts

The Black Arts Movement  (Larry Neal)  Black Poetry 1965-2000 (Kalamu)
Black Arts Movement (Kalamu)  A BAM Roll Call (Baraka)  
Report: BAM Conference (Marvin X)    The Poetry of Don L. Lee  
The Revolutionary Theatre  (LeRoi Jones) The Ground on Which I Stand (August Wilson)
in the hot house of black poetry  (Kalamu) Larry Neal Interview in Omowe
Larry Neal Speaks  Larry Neal Chronology
From Parks to Marxism A Political Evolution  (Baraka) Somebody Blew Up America (Baraka)
Climbing Malcolm's Ladder (Lewis) Charlie Parker (Joans)
LeRoi Jones: Pursued by  Furies

Lest We Forget Killens (Rivera)

Dunbar and Traditional Dialect (Sterling Brown) Jay Wright's Introduction to Play Ebony Play Ivory
Why I Wrote Dawnsong! (Toure) Rudy Interviews Askia Touré
"Kish Mir Tuchas, Baby" (Newfield)  Black Power (Carmichael)
Amite County  (Newfield) Beginning  (Newfield)
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (Newfield) I Am We (Newton)
Kalamu BAM Essay  

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The Assassination of Fred Hampton

How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther

By Jeffrey Haas

It’s around 7:00 A.M. on December 4, 1969, and attorney Jeff Haas is in a police lockup in Chicago, interviewing Fred Hampton’s fiancée. She is describing how the police pulled her from the room as Fred lay unconscious on their bed. She heard one officer say, “He’s still alive.” She then heard two shots. A second officer said, “He’s good and dead now.” She looks at Jeff and asks, “What can you do?”  The Assassination of Fred Hampton is Haas’s personal account of how he and People’s Law Office partner Flint Taylor pursued Hampton’s assassins, ultimately prevailing over unlimited government resources and FBI conspiracy. Not only a story of justice delivered, the book puts Hampton in a new light as a dynamic community leader and an inspiration in the fight against injustice. /  Also Toward Freedom

So we say—we always say in the Black Panther Party that they can do anything they want to to us. We might not be back. I might be in jail. I might be anywhere. But when I leave, you’ll remember I said, with the last words on my lips, that I am a revolutionary. And you’re going to have to keep on saying that. You’re going to have to say that I am a proletariat, I am the people. A lot of people don’t understand the Black Panthers Party’s relationship with white mother country radicals. A lot of people don’t even understand the words that Eldridge uses a lot. But what we’re saying is that there are white people in the mother country that are for the same types of things that we are for stimulating revolution in the mother country. And we say that we will work with anybody and form a coalition with anybody that has revolution on their mind. We’re not a racist organization, because we understand that racism is an excuse used for capitalism, and we know that racism is just—it’s a byproduct of capitalism. Everything would be alright if everything was put back in the hands of the people, and we’re going to have to put it back in the hands of the people.  Fred Hampton

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Black Art  (Baraka) Don’t Say Goodbye to the Pork Pie Hat (Neal)
Black Dada Nihilimus (Baraka) Letter to Bob Kaufman (Komunyakaa)
Osirian Rhapsody: A Myth (Toure) Screamers (Kalamu)
Have You Ever Been a Saxophone (Kalamu) WE ARE ACHIEVERS (Kalamu)
my father is dead, again (Kalamu) He Sees Through Stone  
Once on a Night in the Delta  A Conversation with Myself
A Blues for the Birmingham Four (Sharif) Bloody Sunday at Pettus Bridge (Sharif)

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The Passing of Poet

Carolyn Marie Rodgers 

(December 14, 1945—April 2, 2010)

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Carolyn Rodgers met one of her mentors, Hoyt Fuller, while working as a social worker at the YMCA (1963-1966). Rodgers exhibits clarity of expression and a respect for well-crafted language in her work, how I got ovah: New and Selected Poems  (1975). Her work, The Heart as Ever Green (1978), incorporates themes of human dignity, feminism, love, black consciousness, and Christianity. Rodgers has also published short stories such as "Blackbird in a Cage" (1967), "A Statistic, Trying to Make It Home" (1969), and "One Time" (1975).

In her short stories, as in her poetry, the dominating theme is survival, though she interweaves the idea of adaptability and conveys the concomitant message of life's ever-changing avenues for black people whom she sees as her special audience.

During her career she [Carolyn Rodgers] has taught at Columbia College (1968-1969); University of Washington (1970); Malcolm X Community College (1972); Albany State College (1972); and Indiana University (1973). She has also been a book critic for the Chicago Daily News and a columnist for the Milwaukee Courier. In 1967, along with Haki R. Madhubuti, Johari Amini, and Roschell Rich, Rodgers helped found Third World Press, an outlet for African-American literature. Rodgers is also a member of the Organization of Black American Culture, a group that promotes a city-wide impact on cultural activity in the arts. African American Registry

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Guarding the Flame of Life

The Funeral of Big Chief Donald Harrison Sr.

By Kalamu ya Salaam

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Artists On The Cutting Edge: Jayne Cortez

New York poet Jayne Cortez reads a selection of her award-winning work, which vividly reflects the energy, passions, rhythms and tensions of modern urban life from an African-American feminist perspective. Series: "Artists on the Cutting Edge" [5/1997]


Poetry & Music

By Jayne Cortez

A visionary and socially conscious poetess with feminist leanings, Cortez is as wise a person as is out there. She was married to Ornette Coleman.—Michael G. Nastos, All Music Guide


Taking the Blues Back Home

Track Listings

  1. Taking the Blues Back Home
  2. Bumblebee, You Saw Big Mama
  3. Mojo 96
  4. Cultural Operations
  5. Guitars I Used to Know
  6. Talk to Me

7. I Have Been Searching

8.  Global Inequalities

9.  Blues Bop for Diz

10. You Can Be

11.  Endangered Species List Blues

12.  Nobody Knows a Thing

On the Imperial Highway

 New and Selected Poems

By Jayne Cortez

Cortez has been and continues to be an explorer, probing the valleys and chasms of human existence. No ravine is too perilous, no abyss too threatening for Jayne Cortez."--Maya Angelou "If you haven't read Jayne Cortez, you're missing some of the best that life has to offer. A compellingly original voice of fire and freedom.—Franklyn Rosemont

Jayne Cortez's poems are filled with images that most of us are afraid to see.—Walter Mosley

Jazz Fan Looks Back

By Jayne Cortez

Jayne Cortez is the author of eleven books of poetry and performer of her poems with music on nine recordings. Her voice is celebrated for its political, surrealistic, dynamic innovations in lyricism, and visceral sound. Cortez has presented her work and ideas at universities, museums, and festivals around the world. Her poems have been translated into many languages and widely published in anthologies, journals, and magazines. She is a recipient of several awards including: Arts International, the National Endowment for the Arts, the International African Festival Award.

The Langston Hughes Medal, The American Book Award, and the Thelma McAndless Distinguished Professorship Award. Her most recent books are THE BEAUTIFUL BOOK (Bola Press) and Jazz Fan Looks Back(Hanging Loose Press). Her latest CDs with the Firespitter Band are Find Your Own Voice Poetry and Music 1982-2003, Borders of Disorderly Time  (Bola Press), Taking the Blues Back Home, produced by Harmolodic and by Verve Records. Cortez is organizer of the international symposium "Slave Routes: Resistance, Abolition & Creative Progress" (NYU) and director of the film Yari Yari Pamberi: Black Women Writers Dissecting Globalization. She is co-founder and president of the Organization of Women Writers of Africa, Inc., and can be seen on screen in the films Women In Jazz and Poetry In Motion.—Publisher, Hanging Loose Press.

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Related files

Afaa Michael Weaver at Pratt Library

Alvin Aubert: A Biosketch  

Amiri Baraka

Amistad 2

Amite County  

Autobiography of LeRoi Jones   

BAM Conference at Howard Boycotted  

A BAM Roll Call  

Baraka on who blew up america 


Black Art  

Black Arts Movement (Kalamu) 

The Black Arts Movement  (Larry Neal)

The Black Christ

Black Dada Nihilimus 

The Black Experience in America is Unique    

Black Fire (Afterword)

Black Fire: An Anthology of Afro-American Writing

Black Nationalism in America

Blackness and the Adventure of  Western Culture

Black Poetry 1965-2000  (Kalamu)  

Black Power A Critique

Brentin Mock on Rob Penny

Centrality of Literary Heroes

The Cruelty of Age  in Lorenzo Thomas' “Tirade”  

Dingane Joe Goncalves & The Journal of Black Poetry

Dog's Day

Don’t Say Goodbye to the Pork Pie Hat     

The Dramatic Vision of August Wilson

Drumvoices: The Mission of Afro-American Poetry by Eugene B. Redmond

Dudley RandallPublisher, Editor, Poet

Ed Bullins Chronology

Eighty Moods of Maya (Redmond)

The Fact of Blackness (1952) By Frantz Fanon 

Frances Wilson  on Rob Penny

The Ground on Which I Stand (August Wilson) 

Haki Madhubuti  Bio   

H. Rap Brown's Die Nigger Die! 

Images and Homages: "Memwars"

In Remembrance of Malcolm X

Instructions for Your New Osiris

Interview with Ed Bullins (Marvin X)

Jayne Cortez

John Oliver Killens Bio

Kalamu BAM Essay

Kish Mir Tuchas  

Kuntu Writers Workshop 

Larry Neal Chronology

Larry Neal Interview   

Larry Neal Speaks on the Black Arts

Lest We Forget Killens 

Letter to Elijah Muhammad

Liberation Memories (Keith Gilyard)

Lorenzo Thomas  Panel

Malcolm : An Interview  

Malcolm X Is Dead! 

Marvin X Table

The Meaning Of Malcolm X  

Message From Imam Jamil Al

A New Black Power     And Responses

New Negro Poets U.S.A. Edited by Langston Hughes

Pursued by  Furies

Peter Hart on Rob Penny 

Poetry and National Security (Lorenzo Thomas)

The Poetry of Don L. Lee  

A Political Evolution

The Political Thought of James Forman 

Remembering June Jordan 1936-2002

remembering professor lorenzo thomas 

Report: BAM Conference (Marvin X) 

Revolutionary Movements of the 60s and 70s

The Revolutionary Theatre          

Sandra Shannon     

Somebody Blew UpAmerica 

Sonnets for Larry Neal ( Rudolph Lewis)     

Tales of the Out & the Gone  

A Tribute to Kwame Toure/Stokely Carmichael

The Unpredictable Negro

What Is Black Poetry (Kalamu)

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Dr. Haki Madhubuti, Founder & President
Third World Press
7822 South Dobson Avenue
Chicago, IL 60619

Dear Haki:

I so vividly recall meeting you, albeit briefly, at John O. Killens’ 1967 Black Writers’ Conference at Fisk University. I was part of a cadre of students, from the English Department, who assisted with various tasks related to the conference. Watching you and Amiri Baraka (Leroi Jones) call out Ms. Brooks was a jarring moment and at that time I couldn’t quite figure out what hair had to do with it. Within months of that conference, I came to learn that hair had everything to do with it, our history and who we are.

The roots that you, Johari Amini (Jewel C. Latimore) and Carolyn Rodgers planted have grown mightily like Banyan trees, under whose branches, multiple generations have learned about as well as taught black life, history and culture. I am tickled black that you have remained the “leading literary institution of record,” publishing the bold and brilliant voices of black poets, philosophers and academics across the country and around the world. I’m also thrilled that in 1996 Third World Press opted to reprint the 1970 Drum & Spear classic Children of Africa by Courtland Cox, Jennifer K. Lawson and me, and illustrated by Jennifer K. Lawson.

As part of the staff at Drum and Spear Bookstore and Press, it was thrilling to sell and host readings by you and your authors, while playing an integral role in bringing the works of Gwendolyn Brooks, Carolyn Rodgers, Willie Kgositsile, and scores of other authors to the thousands of people for whom Drum and Spear was a destination.

My daughter, grandchildren and students all have multiple volumes of works published by TWP in their libraries.

And, your publications now reside in some of the most prestigious public, private, and academic libraries in the world. You, and your staff, have strategically built a fine institution that I hope will continue to play an invaluable role in the education, intellectual experiences and consciousness raising of people from around the world. I delighted to join a host of others who are coming together to celebrate, honor and pay tribute to your vision, tenacity and intellect, as you move into another “revolutionary” chapter of your life.

Go well,

Daphne Muse, Founder & Chief Visionary Officer
Grandmothers Going Global
Harnessing our social capital, leadership and creative vision worldwide

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Drum and Spear Bookstore Site

1371 Fairmont Street, NW - marked with a plaque

Washington, DC

The Drum and Spear Bookstore was founded in 1968 by Charlie Cobb, a former secretary for the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). It developed out of the civil rights/black power movement in Washington, DC. Its organizers set out to create a local as well as national and international resource for reliable information about the African American and African world, aimed at people of African descent, wherever they lived. 

Drum and Spear specialized in books written by black authors and books on Asian, African, and African American subjects. It quickly developed into a combination bookstore, library, community center, and “literary haven,” according to Professor Daphne Muse of Mills College. Muse noted, “It wasn't uncommon to see Toni Morrison and Amiri Baraka browsing the shelves alongside diplomats and regular folk.” According to early board member Jennifer Lawson, the store opened at a time just before black studies took root in U.S. colleges and universities, when only a handful of Afro-centric bookstores operated in this country.

The founders took the name Afro-American Resources, Inc., and operated Drum and Spear Bookstore, Drum and Spear Press, and the Center for Black Education. The center held classes for community youth and sponsored educational forums and speakers. Afro-American Resources, Inc., originally consisted of Cobb, Anthony Gittens, Don Freeman, Courtland Cox, Ivanhoe Donaldson, and Marvin Holloway. The bookstore and press closed, said Lawson, because “all of its managers were artists and activists and not business people. We had created the activities for the social good, not for business purposes.”

The Drum and Spear operated from 1371 Fairmont Street, NW, until 1974. Cultural Tourism DC

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Note: The above list was inspired by James Smethurst's Appendix 2  (375-376) in The Black Arts Movement. This list is a Work-in-Progress, that is to say, it is incomplete and much shorter than Smethurst's list, which contains over 100 names.

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Focus on modern injustice Belafonte tells SNCC reunion—'Where is our voice?' "Where is our voice?" Belafonte asked. "Why are we so soft?" A global activist, Belafonte turns up frequently in the Triangle. A Habitat for Humanity development in Southeast Raleigh includes a Belafonte Drive, just off Jimmy Carter Street.

Belafonte's words are rarely gentle, even though he is 83. Four years ago, he called George W. Bush "the greatest terrorist in the world" for the war he waged in Iraq, and he has labeled Colin Powell a liar for his insistence that Iraqis were harboring weapons of mass destruction.

In 2006, Belafonte spoke at Duke University for a commemoration of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. In that speech, he suggested a moral equivalence between the Sept. 11 hijackers and the war in Iraq. "What is the difference between that terror and other terrors?" he asked.

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Mamadou Lumumba Passes Over

Mamadou Lumumba [(Kenneth Freeman), b. October 11, 1938 – d. October 20, 2009] was editor of Oakland-based Soulbook, a journal "mainly political but included poetry in a section ironically titled 'Reject Notes'." (“Historical Overviews of The Black Arts Movement,” Kalamu ya Salaam).  . . . Memorial services:, December 12, 2pm, at the Afrikan Children's Advanced Learning Center, 3268 San Pablo also known as 949 33rd Street (corner of 33rd Street & San Pablo Avenue), Oakland, CA 94607 (510) 923-0164.

Mamadou Lumumba (Kenneth Freeman; October 11, 1938 – October 20, 2009) was one of the premier neo-black intellectuals of the 1960s. He was the first black student to attend Bishop O Dowd high school. He graduated from University of San Francisco in 1960, with graduate studies at the University of Mexico. In Mexico he learned of the Cuban revolution and this expanded his radical conscious and social activism. When he returned to Oakland, he joined the group of young radicals at Merritt College, including Bobby Seale, Huey Newton, Ernie Allen, Isaac Moore, Ann Williams, Marvin X and Carol Freeman, his wife. Mamadou became a member of Donald Warden's Afro American Association, a Black Nationalist organization. The AAA and the young radicals studied world revolution, including events in South Africa, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and the Congo where the first elected prime minister was assassinated. Apparently his similarity to Congolese Patrice Lumumba, made him adopt the name.

Mamadou became editor of Soulbook, The Quarterly Journal of Revolutionary Afro-America, one of the most radical publications of the 60s, a leading theoretical journal in African revolutionary circles, a publication of the Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM).

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National Black Political Collection, 1972–1973This collection contains six folders of materials gathered by Guy E. Russell.  The materials relate, mostly, to the National Black Political Convention held in Gary, Indiana on 10–12 March 1972 (folders 1–4).  Of particular note are a conference program, a fact sheet describing the history of the organization, an outline of the delegate selection process in Indiana (folder 1) and a transcript of a speech attributed to Carl B. Stokes, former mayor of Cleveland (folder 2). 

The convention was an outgrowth of planning meetings conducted in 1971 by a broad cross section of black leadership throughout the United States.  There are also materials that relate to state (Indiana State Black Political Caucus) and regional (Mid-West Regional Coalition) initiatives to form coalitions to address various issues pertaining to African Americans.  A 1972 anniversary booklet and a newsletter from the Indiana State Black Caucus are in folder 4.  The Mid-West Regional Coalition, along with several other black organizations hosted the Black Unity Conference held at Dunbar High School in Chicago on 13–15 April 1973.  A program of the conference is in folder 6. Indiana History

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Audio: My Story, My Song (Featuring blues guitarist Walter Wolfman Washington)

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*   *   *   *   *'s 25 Best Selling Books

For July 1st through August 31st 2011


#1 - Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark
#2 - Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree
#3 - Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane
#4 - Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper
#5 - Stackin' Paper 2 Genesis' Payback by Joy King
#6 - Thug Lovin' (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark
#7 - When I Get Where I'm Going by Cheryl Robinson
#8 - Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby
#9 - The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane

#10 - Covenant: A Thriller  by Brandon Massey

#11 - Diary Of A Street Diva  by Ashley and JaQuavis

#12 - Don't Ever Tell  by Brandon Massey

#13 - For colored girls who have considered suicide  by Ntozake Shange

#14 - For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree

#15 - Homemade Loves  by J. California Cooper

#16 - The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper

#17 - Player Haters by Carl Weber

#18 - Purple Panties: An Anthology by Sidney Molare

#19 - Stackin' Paper by Joy King

#20 - Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

#21 - The Upper Room by Mary Monroe

#22 – Thug Matrimony  by Wahida Clark

#23 - Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

#24 - Married Men by Carl Weber

#25 - I Dreamt I Was in Heaven - The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter


#1 - Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable
#2 - Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans
#3 - Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane
#4 - Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper
#5 - Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You're Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant
#6 - Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey
#7 - The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight
#8 - The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing
#9 - The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson

#10 - John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History  by Ahati N. N. Toure

#11 - Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley

#12 -The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

#13 - The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

#14 - The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

#15 - Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can't Commit  by RM Johnson

#16 - Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins

#17 - Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell

#18 - A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life's Purpose by Eckhart Tolle

#19 - John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 - Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

#21 - Age Ain't Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice

#22 - 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino
#23 - Chicken Soup for the Prisoner's Soul by Tom Lagana
#24 - 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

#25 - Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class  by Lisa B. Thompson

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Blacks in Hispanic Literature: Critical Essays

Edited by Miriam DeCosta-Willis 

Blacks in Hispanic Literature is a collection of fourteen essays by scholars and creative writers from Africa and the Americas. Called one of two significant critical works on Afro-Hispanic literature to appear in the late 1970s, it includes the pioneering studies of Carter G. Woodson and Valaurez B. Spratlin, published in the 1930s, as well as the essays of scholars whose interpretations were shaped by the Black aesthetic. The early essays, primarily of the Black-as-subject in Spanish medieval and Golden Age literature, provide an historical context for understanding 20th-century creative works by African-descended, Hispanophone writers, such as Cuban Nicolás Guillén and Ecuadorean poet, novelist, and scholar Adalberto Ortiz, whose essay analyzes the significance of Negritude in Latin America.

This collaborative text set the tone for later conferences in which writers and scholars worked together to promote, disseminate, and critique the literature of Spanish-speaking people of African descent. . . . Cited by a literary critic in 2004 as "the seminal study in the field of Afro-Hispanic Literature . . . on which most scholars in the field 'cut their teeth'."

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Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America

By Melissa V. Harris-Perry

According to the author, this society has historically exerted considerable pressure on black females to fit into one of a handful of stereotypes, primarily, the Mammy, the Matriarch or the Jezebel.  The selfless Mammy’s behavior is marked by a slavish devotion to white folks’ domestic concerns, often at the expense of those of her own family’s needs. By contrast, the relatively-hedonistic Jezebel is a sexually-insatiable temptress. And the Matriarch is generally thought of as an emasculating figure who denigrates black men, ala the characters Sapphire and Aunt Esther on the television shows Amos and Andy and Sanford and Son, respectively.     

Professor Perry points out how the propagation of these harmful myths have served the mainstream culture well. For instance, the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for black females to feel a maternal instinct towards Caucasian babies.

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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Negro Digest / Black World

Browse all issues

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

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ChickenBones Store (Books, DVDs, Music, and more)






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