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Cow Tom this season has raised fine crops of corn, cotton, and chickens, sufficient

to render comfortable a large family of children and grandchildren who lean on him for support.

 

 

 

Brief Narrative Sketch of Cow Tom

 

Cow Tom is an intelligent negro of the Creek persuasion.

During the Florida war he was interpreter for General Jedsup, and was the body servant of Lieutenant Lane, when that unfortunate young officer committed suicide by falling on his sword, the point of the weapon entering the brain just above the eye. Cow Tom is the proprietor of a plantation—under a good state of fencing, he purchased the improvements since the war for $150.

He is entitled under the Creek law to all the land he can put under fence and cultivate, with the privilege of keeping off his neighbors at arm’s length, as settlements are not allowed nearer any occupant than each quarter of a mile. The reason for this custom, as adopted by the early Indian law givers, growing out of the tribal relation, obliging the Indians to scatter about and become independent proprietors.

Wild tribes of nomadic habits are accustomed to wandering about and huddling together for mutual safety and, defense.

Cow Tom this season has raised fine crops of corn, cotton, and chickens, sufficient to render comfortable a large family of children and grandchildren who lean on him for support. But owing to the distance from the mill, he pounds his corn in a mortar with a wooden pestle, and the yield of cotton, raised exclusively for home consumption, has to be ginned with the fingers, and carded by hand.

For breaking up the prairie he used the old-fashioned "bull plow," such as was in use before the invention of the "wood patent." By long service, the plow point, from constant filing, has become worn up to the mold-board. It should be stated that farmers nearer the States, especially among the Cherokees, Senecas, Quapaws, Peoria, and other advanced tribes, have introduced improved farming implements to a considerable extent.

The Neighborhood

Our fare at Cow Tom’s was relished with a keen appetite, and there were neat quilts on the beds, of home manufacture. There is a comfortable school house near by, where the children are taught to read. There is no physician nearer than Fort Gibson, distant thirty-three miles, and the inhabitants have a goodly prospect of dying a natural death. 

Source: Chronicles of Oklahoma, Volume 5, No. 1, March 1927 APPENDIX—37 / and  http://digital.library.okstate.edu

Black Slaves, Red Masters Part 1  / Black Slaves, Red Masters Part 2

Black Slaves, Red Masters Part 3

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AALBC.com's 25 Best Selling Books


 

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The Gardens of Democracy: A New American Story

of Citizenship, the Economy, and the Role of Government

By Eric Liu and Nick Hanauer

American democracy is informed by the 18th century’s most cutting edge thinking on society, economics, and government. We’ve learned some things in the intervening 230 years about self interest, social behaviors, and how the world works. Now, authors Eric Liu and Nick Hanauer argue that some fundamental assumptions about citizenship, society, economics, and government need updating. For many years the dominant metaphor for understanding markets and government has been the machine. Liu and Hanauer view democracy not as a machine, but as a garden. A successful garden functions according to the inexorable tendencies of nature, but it also requires goals, regular tending, and an understanding of connected ecosystems. The latest ideas from science, social science, and economics—the cutting-edge ideas of today—generate these simple but revolutionary ideas: (The economy is not an efficient machine. It’s an effective garden that need tending. Freedom is responsibility. Government should be about the big what and the little how. True self interest is mutual interest.

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Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage

By William Loren Katz

Christmas Eve marks the anniversary of one of the least known battles for freedom and self-determination fought in North America. In 1837, in what had become the state of Florida less than a generation earlier, the freedom fighters were members of the Seminole Nation, an alliance of African slave runaways and Native American Seminoles.They faced the strongest power in the Americas, the combined armed forces of the United States Army, Navy and Marines, whose goal was to crush the bi-racial alliance and return its African-American members to slavery. . . . This battle took place during the Second Seminole War (1835-1842), which involved U.S. Naval and Marine units, at times half of the Army, and cost 1,500 military deaths and U.S. taxpayers $30 million [pre-Civil War dollars]. After his decimated army limped back to Fort Gardner, Zachary Taylor won promotion by claiming, “the Indians were driven in every direction.”

Later, using his reputation as an “Indian fighter,” Taylor won election as the 12th President of the United States. The Seminole alliance at Lake Okeechobee delivered the Army’s worst defeat in decades of Florida warfare. However truth about the battle and the three wars long remain buried, hidden or distorted.— ConsortiumNews

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery / George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

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update 13 May 2012

 

 

 

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