ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes


Home   ChickenBones Store (Books, DVDs, Music, and more)


Online through PayPal

Or Send contributions to: ChickenBones: A Journal / 2005 Arabian Drive / Finksburg, MD 21048   Help Save ChickenBones

I am the Cross and Crescent, beaming off TELSTAR

I am Harlem street rallies on sweltering summer afternoons

I am the long, hot Harlem summer of 1964



Books by & About Malcolm X

Malcolm X: The Man and His Times  /  Seventh Child: A Family Memoir of Malcolm X  / Martin and Malcolm and America 

Ghosts in Our Blood: With Malcolm X in Africa, England, and the Caribbean

 The Black Muslims in America The Autobiography of Malcolm X  / Malcolm X Speaks / By Any Means Necessary

February 1965: The Final Speeches  / For Malcolm: Poems on the Life and Death of Malcolm X

*   *   *   *   *




                   By Professor ARTURO





This is a prayer to the Oneness of God

God is Great

He is the Lord of All Worlds

He makes the water in the well

He has power over all things

He is God

He is God, the One and Only

The Beneficent One

The Merciful One

He is True Love and True Humility

      for True Brotherhood and True Sisterhood

      are Truly powerful...


This is a prayer to the Oneness of God

I submit to no One but Him

I submit to Him, for He is the Way

I submit to Him, for He is the Truth

I submit to Him, for He is the Light of Worlds

I submit to Him, for all Praises and Blessings come from Him

I submit to Him, for He is the Splendor of His Kingdom

I submit to the Spirit and the Word made Flesh

I submit to the land of Mohammed, Abraham,

      and the Prophets of the Scriptures

I cast seven stones at the Devil on the Day of Gathering

I submit

I submit to His Creations

I submit to Sky and Stone and Sea

I submit to the pilgrims, the believers

-from the Mighty Nine to the Wise Men of the East

I submit to feeling blue and alone and seeing a sudden light

I submit to the Great Mosque

I submit to the people--sitting, sleeping, praying, walking

I submit to the pilgrims

--every color, class, caste and rank

(all snoring in the same language)

I submit to the Ka'ba, the Sacred House

I submit it His Creations

I submit to the planeloads of pilgrims

(white, black, brown, red and yellow)

I submit to His servants on the Hajj

                     Arabian Muslims

                     Middle Eastern Muslims

                     North African Muslims

                     Indonesian Muslims

                     Japanese Muslims

                     Russian Muslims

                     Chinese Muslims

                     British Muslims (I say, ma man)

                     New Awlins Muslims (Where Y'at?!!)


I submit to His Will

I submit to His Truth

I submit, for I am Malcolm

I am the "American Muslim"

I am the "Muslim from America"

I am Sonny Liston and Cassius Clay

I am the Cross and Crescent, beaming off TELSTAR

I am Harlem street rallies on sweltering summer afternoons

I am the long, hot Harlem summer of 1964

I am the only so-called "Negro"

     who could stop  a race riot (or start one)

I am Red

I am Big Red

I am anger fermenting in bitter, seething ghettoes and townships

I am Pan Africanism and the OAAU

I am "Omowale" (the son who has come home)

I am the American Muslim

        the Muslim from America








"In America," he said, "we are packed like animals

                                             and treated like lepers"

"We didn't land on Plymouth Rock--

 Plymouth Rock landed on us"

All of us--Uncle Tom, Uncle Thomas,

West Indian Archie,

               Corey Horton, Gregory Glover,

                               and Reverend Bishop T. Chickenwing...     

We live in America

We in jail

We 400 years in jail

We been bombed      shot     police-dogged       fire-hosed

                 burned         banned        busted and disgusted

We been sittin' in         slidin' in

      peepin' and-a hidin' in

      wadin' in       eatin' in

      divin' in


                           marryin' in...

We live in America

We live in the House

the whole House

nuthin' but the House

-the jailhouse

-the crazyhouse

-the Rock House

-Mo' House

     and the Po' house...


We a Muslim, Christian, Catholic, Protestant,

          Baptist, Methodist, Democrat, Republican,

          Mason or Elk...

In New Awlins, we Zulus...and Injuns!)

"Tonto! We're surrounded by the Indians!"

"--What you mean 'we', Kemosabe?"


We live in America

We must  be crazy

We must be 'Negroes"

We live in America (the land of Negroes)


Negro  in     dependence  (from tree to lynching tree)

We Negroes

We must  be crazy

We confused Negroes

     abused Negroes

     defused Negroes

     misused Negroes

We Ign'ant Negroes

      Divided Negroes

      National Negroes

      Southside Negroes

      Harlem Negroes

      Watts Negroes

      Black Bottom Negroes

     Poughkeepsie Negroes

     Urban Negroes

     Urbane Negroes

     Napoleon Avenue Negroes

     Pontchartrain Park Negroes

     EAST Negroes

     Board Negroes

     Commission Negroes

     Poet Negroes

     "I-Love-Africa-'Cause-It's-'In'-This-Year" Negroes

     Strawberry Negroes

     Raspberry  Negroes...

We must be crazy

We live in America

We must  be crazy...

We Negroes

We believe in The Press

When Malcolm told the truth

     Press say--"He polarized the community"

When Malcolm said "separation for self-determination"

     Press say--"He's inciting Negroes to violence"

When Malcolm say "Muslims"

     Press say--"Black Muslims"

When Malcolm say "Terrorists bombed my house"

     Press say--"He did it himself"

When Malcolm say "Defend ourselves"

     Press say--"He's a fomenter of violence'

When Malcolm say "African Americans must unite"

     Press say--"He's an outside agitator"

When Malcolm say "Link up with the oppressed people of the world"

     Press say--"He overgeneralized"

When Malcolm say "We don't want a desegregated cup of coffee

                                                           a desegregated theater

                                                           a desegregated park or

                                                           a desegregated public toilet"

Press say--"He erroneously appraised the racial picture"

When Malcolm say "The weather is hot"

Press say--"He was a fiery, angry malcontent"

When Malcolm say "Mary had a little lamb"




We in jail...


We all in jail


We live in America

We Negroes

We must  be Cra-a-a-a-a-a-a-a-a-a-a-a-azzzzzyyyyyy!!!







Blessed be Malcolm

Blessed be Malcolm X

Blessed be Brother  Malcolm

Blessed be our Shining , Black Prince

Blessed be Malcolm Little and Big Red

Blessed be Dee-troit Red

Blessed be the Autobiography

(Alex Haley's other book)

Blessed be Malcolm

Blessed be Brother Malcolm

Blessed be Minister Malcolm

Blessed be Brother Reginald and Sister Betty

Blessed be his eyes, afire

       with a passion for our people

Blessed be his voice

Blessed be his words, for they inflame and inspire us all

Blessed be Brother Malcolm

Blessed be May 19, 1925

Blessed be Dee-troit Temple Number One

Blessed be The Ballot or The Bullet

Blessed be "By Any Means Necessary"

Blessed be “A Message To The Grass Roots”

Blessed be the whole loaf--not the crumbs

Blessed be America having a very serious problem--us

Blessed be our people having a very serious problem

Blessed be thee government is in trouble

Blessed be that old-time religion (It's a good religion)

--the one that Ma & Pa used to talk about...

"Blessed be the House Negro and the Field Negro

Blessed be "the chickens comin' home to roost..."


But ever'thang ain't ever'thang...

Ever'thang ain't blessed...

Blessed be the trees they cut down on Claiborne Street

(Never Forget!)

Blessed be them cuttin' down the trees

(and blamin' us for "the deterioration of the community")

Negro Elected Officials who bandwagoneer

        and blame all our problems on dope ain't blessed

They just say "No"...

They just say...

They forget racism

They forget where they come from, don't know where they been

They forget the schools

(the put-me-down looks and hand-me-down books)

They forget St. Aloysius, Brother Martin, Jesuit, Shaw,

                    De La Salle, Dominican, Holy Cross, Fortier,

                    Warren Easton, Curtis, Rummel, Rabouin, Nicholls,

                     Ben Franklin, LSUNO, Tulane (& them other white schools)

They forget them porter and waiter and waitress and maid jobs

      they mommas and daddies got to send they black behinds to school

They forget

They forget

They forget not havin'

They forget not havin' no lunch money

They forget not havin' no carfare

(They forget not havin' no car!)

They forget not havin' no I-10

They forget not havin' no representation

They forget underemployment and over-taxation

But they remember they campaign contributors

They remember they Swedish meatball architects

(and the Metairie mob)


Negro Elected Officials ain't no progress

They just the illusion of progress

They ain't got no power

They ain't got no parity

They ain't got no empowerment

(just de "ment")

They just Negro

They just Elected

They just Official


Naw, they ain't blessed...

Them politicians not tellin' our people

       by the Industrial Canal (before the election)

       that they was gon' be moved out they houses

       they been in for 40 years...ain't blessed

       (They know they wro-o-o-o-o-o-o-ong for that!)

Runnin' for President ain't blessed

-the Nation (not the plantation)


Malcolm was a fire spitter

(wasn't no vote splitter)

Malcolm never ran for President

Malcolm wasn't in no Democratic Party

Malcolm wanted our own party

-a 24/7 international all night long party

-the OAAU, not the USA

Malcolm got killed for what Jesse B. say

-Ain't no President gon' free us

-Washington bought us and sold us-- and they been

         sellin' us ever since

(That's a sa-a-a-a-a-a-ad case)


Naw, the illusion of progress ain't blessed

Tulane and Broad for damned sure ain't blessed

Drunken, white, French Quarter cops bustin' a carriage driver

         upside his head for no rhyme or reason ain't blessed...

Naw, the illusion of progress ain't blessed...

Unempowered Negroes with titles ain't blessed...

The Times-Picayune ain't blessed

(no matter how many articles of appeasement they print)

They still sell us

They still lynch us

They still don't hire us...

The boldfaced ads sayin'    "NEGROES FOR SALE"

                                            "NEGROES FOR SALE"

                                            ain't blessed (Never Forget!)

The rapings, burnings, beatings and mutilations ain't blessed

(Never Forget!)

Angela Hill mispronouncing "Addis Ababa" as "ADIDAS Ababa" ain't blessed

(You know she wro-o-o-o-o-o-o-o-ong for that!)

Warehousing, insteada rehabilitating prisoners ain't blessed

"European style" amusement park ain't blessed

('specially when they wan' put it where they done already

   tore our houses down)

A Grammy museum ain't blessed...

(if we just cleanin' and playin' and ain't runnin' it)

We get applause

They get the money...


Naw, they ain't blessed...


Non-Octave Lilly white boards and judges

      who give out grants to artists, musicians and writers

      ain't blessed...

They talk "multiculturalism" (but they vote white)

They talk 'pluralistic society" (but they vote white)

They talk about the homeless

       (but they build hotels and aquariums)







They wanna hang the youngblood crackseller

(but De Lorean walks)

They wanna free the Diet doctor's "aging killer"

(but they condemn the young Gary Tyler)

They wanna save the whale and the flag

(but they burn Dalton Prejean)

Naw, they ain't blessed...

The all-white Creative Writing Department at NOCCA ain't blessed

(Put that in yo' pipe and smoke it)

But blessed be our own, for our own is indeed

     is indeed beautiful

     is indeed beautiful

     is indeed beautiful and blessed,   in    deed...


Blessed be "Sho' Ya-right" and "Yeah Ya-right"

(I know that's right)

Blessed be moanin' mothers on Angola-bound buses

Blessed be human rights not civil rights)

Blessed be yo' momma, yo' daddy, yo' maw and yo' paw

Blessed be yo' nanann and yo' parran

Blessed be "I've fallen--and I cain't git u-u-u-u-up!"

Blessed be Big Momma and Chilly Willy

Blessed be acclamation of the people

       (not proclamation of the record company)

Blessed be Canal Street

(even tho' we run stores and don't own 'em)

Blessed be the BINGO


Blessed be the 2 Live Crew

(How dare the obscene cry "Obscenity!")

Blessed be the carpet knife

Blessed be the Peacemaker

Blessed be the Equalizer

Blessed be the Louisville Slugger

Blessed be the Stainless Steel baseball bat

Blessed be the UZI, for it will take yo' behind

                      to the kingdom of heaven...

Blessed be the bugarmen and the badmen

"'Cause Stagolee shot Billy--oh he shot that boy so fast--"

Blessed be the gumbo, the pecawn candy, the butter beans

        and the dirty rice

Blessed be Fr. Jeanmarie

Blessed be John Dave and Sarah Dave

Blessed be Roland Hayes and Jim Hayes

Blessed be the Neighborhood

Blessed be the Neighborhood Gallery

Blessed be the Sixth Ward

Blessed be the Bulldogs

Blessed be the Knights of Peter Claver

Blessed be Saint Peter Claver

Blessed be Sweet Peter Jeeter, card cheater, booty-beater,

                                       neckbone biter, roach fighter...

Blessed be Charlie Murphy

Blessed be Saint Margareet

Blessed be Michael Augustine' momma

Blessed be Peanut (ole big-haid boy)

Blessed be Brother Malcolm...

Blessed be the People

Blessed be the language of the People...

Blessed be the "will call" insteada "the layaway"

Blessed be "charge plate" insteada "credit card"

Blessed be "the Slopjar" insteada "the chamber pot"

Blessed be "Clay-bawn" insteada "Claiborne"

Blessed be "Dry-idds" insteada "Dry-adds"

Blessed be "Rushablade" insteada "Roashablave"

Blessed be "Eye-berville" insteada "Ibberville"

Blessed be "Melphameen" insteada "Melpommanee"

Blessed be "La-hop" insteada "Laharpe"

Blessed be "Burgundy" insteada "Burgundy"

Blessed be "Kally-oh" insteada "Ca-lie-oh-pee"

Blessed be "pecawns" insteada "pecans"

Blessed be the munchies!!!

Blessed be the moo-moos and the zoo-zoos!!!!!


DOMINUS NABISCO!  Et Cum Spittit Doo-doo Oh-Oh-Oh...


Blessed be "the icebox" insteada "refrigerator"

Blessed be "okree" insteada "okra"

Blessed be "sammich meat" insteada "cold cuts"

Blessed be "my-naize" insteada "mayonnaise"

Blessed be "mar-jah-reen" insteada "margarine"

Blessed be "Star Track" insteada "Star Trek"

Blessed be "cowain" insteada "Ninja Turtles"

Blessed be "cawfare" insteada "busfare"

Blessed be "hawspital" insteada "hospital"

Blessed be "knawb" insteada "knob"

Blessed be "jawb" insteada "job"

Blessed be "chawklit" insteada "chocolate"

Blessed be "Mawgus" insteada "Morgus"

Blessed be "turlit" insteada "toilet"

Blessed be "chicken pops" insteada "chicken pox"

Blessed be "chessa draws" insteada "chest of drawers"

Blessed be the chiffarobe!!!!

Blessed be "furl" insteada "foil"

Blessed be "creddick" insteada "credit"

Blessed be "milleton" insteada "merliton"

Blessed be "ersters" insteada "oysters"

Blessed be "eranges" insteada "oranges"

Blessed be "crawfish" insteada "crayfish"

Blessed be "mosquitohawks" insteada "dragonflies"

Blessed be "the chirrens" insteada "children"

Blessed be "army men" insteada "toy soldiers"

Blessed be the Crab, the Chicken Wing


                   and the quarter-to-three

Blessed be the Toulouse Booty

Blessed be WE, THE PEOPLE!!!

Blessed be Slim Goodie Red

Blessed be Dark & Sweet

Blessed be lil' Skinny Minny

('cause she ain't got no meat)


         "Jump back Sally, Sally, Sally--"


Blessed be the agony in the gardens of wicked delight...


Blessed be Vanessa, Odessa, Erness and Miss Hattie

                    Flora and Cora, Alma and Mattie

                    Regina, Sabrina, Bessie and Tessie

                    (the girl ain't right; you know how she messy)

Blessed be Annetta, Loretta, Vernetta and Thelma

                   Sheila and Cheryl and Velma and Zelma

                   Laticia, Patricia, Georgette and Yvette

                   ("Dear Yvette...Dear Yvette")

                    Karen and Sharon, Raynette and Jeanette

                    Linda and Brenda, Yolanda, Saronda

                    Lucinda and Wilma, Towanda and Saundra

                    Yvonnia, Sharine, Darlene and Gilda

                    Bernadine, Janine ("Last time

                                                    Last time I saw Jeanine--" )


                                       and Wilma and Hilda


                    Denise and Deborah, Shantel and Shanel

                    Angela, Georgia, Rochelle and Lenelle...


Blessed be the baby, the bottle, the powder, the talcum

      the cradle, the crib--

Blessed be Brother Malcolm...

Blessed be the Church, the whole Church

      nuthin' but the Church (I do)

Blessed be St. Peter Claver

Blessed be St. Raymond's

Blessed be St. Monica's

Blessed be Epiphany, Corpus Christi, Blessed Sacrament,

                  Holy Redeemer and Joan of Arc!








Blessed be

Blessed be

Blessed be Brother Malcolm

-his undying love

-his cataclysmic love

-a catechismic love

-his whole heart

-his whole soul

-his whole mind

     and his whole strength


Blessed be our SHINING, BLACK PRINCE— 

               EL-HAJJ MALIK EL-SHABAZZ!!!!!


(No justice/no peace)

posted 22 August 2007

*   *   *   *   *

Malcolm X artifacts unearthed—Police docs and more found among belongs of 'Shorty' Jarvis—1 February 2012—Documents outlining the crime that landed Malcolm X in prison in the 1940s are among some 1,000 recently unearthed items purchased jointly by the civil rights leader's foundation and an independent collector of African-American artifacts. The documents and other artifacts belonged to late musician Malcolm "Shorty" Jarvis, who served in prison with Malcolm X and was one of his closest friends. Jarvis' 1976 pardon paper also is part of the collection, which was recently discovered by accident. The items had been in a Connecticut storage unit that had gone into default, and were initially auctioned off to a buyer who had no idea what he was bidding on. The Omaha, Nebraska-based Malcolm X Memorial Foundation, which oversees the Malcolm X Center located at his birthplace, will house and display the just-arrived archives. It split the cost with Black History 101 Mobile Museum, based in Detroit—the birthplace of the Nation of Islam.—Mobile Museum founder and curator Khalid el-Hakim declined to identify the original buyer or the price the two organizations paid for the trove. Still, even after splitting the cost, he said it's the largest acquisition to date for his mobile museum, which includes Jim Crow-era artifacts, a Ku Klux Klan hood and signed documents by Malcolm X and Rosa Parks. . . . The collection also reveals an enduring connection between the two Malcolms after their incarceration, Malcolm X's conversion to Islam and his rise to prominence. There's a 72-page scrapbook of Malcolm X's life that was maintained by Jarvis until after his friend's 1965 assassination. One of the civil rights era's most controversial and compelling figures, Malcolm X rose to fame as the chief spokesman of the Nation of Islam, a movement started in Detroit more than 80 years ago. He proclaimed the black Muslim organization's message at the time: racial separatism as a road to self-actualization and urged blacks to claim civil rights "by any means necessary" and referred to whites as "devils."—TheGrio

*   *   *   *   *

Professor ARTURO (Arthur Pfister), a poet and fiction writer from New Orleans, is a Spoken Word artist, educator, performer, editor and speechwriter who received a Master of Arts degree in Writing from Johns Hopkins University and a B.A. degree in English/Journalism from the State University of New York-College at New Paltz.   Pfister, one of the original Broadside poets of the 1960s, has collaborated on a medley of projects with a mélange of artists including painters, musicians, photographers, dancers, singers, fire eaters, waiters, cab drivers, and other members of the Great Miscellaneous.

He has performed his poetry, fiction, toasts and “jazz poems” on a solo basis or with musical accompaniment at Ebony Square, Vincent’s City Club, the Contemporary Arts Center, the Louisiana Folklife Festival, the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival, the Urban League’s Annual Golden Gala, Ashe Cultural Arts Center, Tulane University’s Amistad Research Center’s Achievement Award Banquet, True Brew Coffeehouse, the Maple Leaf Bar and an array of public/parochial schools, colleges, and churches nationwide.  His work has been accompanied by musical legends such as Eluard Burte, Henry Butler, Willie Cole, Davelle Crawford, Vinny Golia, Kidd Jordan, Kid Millenberg, Earl Turbinton and Gozo Yoshimasu. He has also served as Featured Performance Poet at Sweet Lorraine’s Jazz Club and co-founded the performance series “ARTURO and Joe’s Old Skool Jazz & Poetry Open Mic Night” at the legendary Edgelake Bar (featured in Elvis Presley’s “King Creole”).

His work has appeared in such diverse publications as FAHARI, the American Poetry Review, the Shooting Star Review, the Minnesota Review, the Gallery Mirror, EBONY, From a Bend in the River, Mesechabe, Word Up, the Chicory Review, the New Laurel Review, the New Orleans Tribune, We Speak As Liberators, Black Spirits, A Broadside Treasury, and Swapping Stories: Folktales From Louisiana.

He has taught at educational institutions ranging from Northeastern University (Visiting Poet for the Africana Studies Center) to Texas Southern University (Writer In Residence).   He has served as Academic Instructor for the New Orleans Urban League’s Computer Operations Training Center and as Poet In Residence at the Neighborhood Gallery.   Prior to Katrina he was employed by the New Orleans Job Corps as Academic/Pre-GED Instructor.

Inquiries about the author’s availability for workshops, readings, collaborative projects, seminars, residencies, and publications should be directed to: Professor ARTURO / (504) 975-6676 / /

*   *   *   *   *


My Name Is New Orleans: 40 Years of Poetry & Other Jazz

After surviving the horrors of Hurricane Katrina, Professor ARTURO, a New Orleans spoken word artist/musipoetryst, will have his book, My Name Is New Orleans: 40 Years of Poetry & Other Jazz, a 320- page collection of poetry, songs, psalms, paeans, toasts and hieroglyphs (1968 – 2008) published in late Spring 2009 by Margaret Media, Inc

Schedule your organization's venue for a performance/book signing:

*   *   *   *   *

Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America

By Melissa V. Harris-Perry

According to the author, this society has historically exerted considerable pressure on black females to fit into one of a handful of stereotypes, primarily, the Mammy, the Matriarch or the Jezebel.  The selfless Mammy’s behavior is marked by a slavish devotion to white folks’ domestic concerns, often at the expense of those of her own family’s needs. By contrast, the relatively-hedonistic Jezebel is a sexually-insatiable temptress. And the Matriarch is generally thought of as an emasculating figure who denigrates black men, ala the characters Sapphire and Aunt Esther on the television shows Amos and Andy and Sanford and Son, respectively.     

Professor Perry points out how the propagation of these harmful myths have served the mainstream culture well. For instance, the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for black females to feel a maternal instinct towards Caucasian babies.

As for the source of the Jezebel, black women had no control over their own bodies during slavery given that they were being auctioned off and bred to maximize profits. Nonetheless, it was in the interest of plantation owners to propagate the lie that sisters were sluts inclined to mate indiscriminately.

*   *   *   *   *


Sex at the Margins

Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry

By Laura María Agustín

This book explodes several myths: that selling sex is completely different from any other kind of work, that migrants who sell sex are passive victims and that the multitude of people out to save them are without self-interest. Laura Agustín makes a passionate case against these stereotypes, arguing that the label 'trafficked' does not accurately describe migrants' lives and that the 'rescue industry' serves to disempower them. Based on extensive research amongst both migrants who sell sex and social helpers, Sex at the Margins provides a radically different analysis. Frequently, says Agustin, migrants make rational choices to travel and work in the sex industry, and although they are treated like a marginalised group they form part of the dynamic global economy. Both powerful and controversial, this book is essential reading for all those who want to understand the increasingly important relationship between sex markets, migration and the desire for social justice. "Sex at the Margins rips apart distinctions between migrants, service work and sexual labour and reveals the utter complexity of the contemporary sex industry. This book is set to be a trailblazer in the study of sexuality."—Lisa Adkins, University of London

*   *   *   *   *

The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

*   *   *   *   *

Ancient African Nations

*   *   *   *   *

If you like this page consider making a donation

online through PayPal

*   *   *   *   *

Negro Digest / Black World

Browse all issues

1950        1960        1965        1970        1975        1980        1985        1990        1995        2000 ____ 2005        


*   *   *   *   *

The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery

*   *   *   *   *

The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

*   *   *   *   *

*   *   *   *   *

ChickenBones Store (Books, DVDs, Music, and more)



update 5 February 2012




Home Literary New Orleans

Related files: Malcolm  Shine and the Titanic   Poem for Our Fathers  Poem for Our Mothers