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Marching to a Different Drummer Table



Marching to a Different Drummer

Unrecognized Heroes of American History

By Robin Kadison Berson


Robin Kadison Berson is Director of the Upper School Library of Riverdale Country School in New York City. A graduate of Bryn Mawr College, she was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow at New York University, here she received a Master of Arts degree in history; she holds a Master of Science degree from Columbia University of Library Service. She has taught secondary school history in a variety of settings, and spent seven years as managing Editor of History of Education Quarterly.

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Profiling 35 reformers and activists prominent in American history from the eighteenth to the twentieth century, the author says her work is "a celebration of the maladjustment that has, small increments at a time, moved American society closer to the ideals we are proud to profess." Many of these individuals are familiar only to students of the discipline. They include such figures as Sara Josephine Baker, George Washington Cable, Florence Kelley, and Rose Schneiderman. Berson says her selection of subjects was based "not on material success or achievements (of the subjects), but on the breadth and quality of the vision that animated these lives." Reviews

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Tillson, former Confederates, and other racists did not want the freedmen and especially Tunis G. Campbell to succeed in their experiment of self-government. There plot was to undermine and reverse the program  set in operation General William T. Sherman and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, who had met with 20 of Savannah's black clergy on Jan. 12, 1865, to discuss how to help blacks make the transition from slavery to freedom. Sherman and Stanton mulled over the response and four days later Sherman issued Special Field Orders, No. 15., promising all blacks 40 acres of Low Country property and a military mule. General Rufus Saxton, director of the South Carolina Freedmen's Bureau implemented the program, settling over 40,000 blacks on 40-acre tracts. Tunis Campbell

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With a solid background in Greek, Latin, and upper math, Anna won easily admittance into Oberlin College in Ohio, located near Lake Erie. One of the first integrated secondary schools in the country, Oberlin, founded by abolitionist and free thinkers, was the first college to admit both blacks and women. Anna was exceedingly prepared for the rigor of Oberlin. . . .

In 1884, Anna received her undergraduate degree and then secured a position at Wilberforce University and during the summer sessions earned an A.M. in mathematics from Oberlin. To be near her mother and family, Anna in 1885 returned for a year to St. Augustine. In 1887 she was employed to teach math and Latin at Washington High School (later named the M Street High School) in the nation's capital. In 1901, Cooper became principal of M Street High School. Anna Julia Cooper

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Racism: A History, the 2007 BBC 3-part documentary explores the impact of racism on a global scale. It was part of the season of programs on the BBC marking the 200th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. It's divided into 3 parts.

The first, The Colour of Money . . . Racism: A History [2007]—1/3

Begins the series by assessing the implications of the relationship between Europe, Africa and the Americas in the 15th century. It considers how racist ideas and practices developed in key religious and secular institutions, and how they showed up in writings by European philosophers Aristotle and Immanuel Kant.

The second, Fatal Impact . . . Racism: A History [2007] - 2/3

Examines the idea of scientific racism, an ideology invented during the 19th century that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology and provided an ideological justification for racism and slavery. The episode shows how these theories ultimately led to eugenics and Nazi racial policies of the master race.

And the 3rd, A Savage Legacy . . .  Racism: A History [2007] - 3/3

Examines the impact of racism in the 20th century. By 1900 European colonial expansion had reached deep into the heart of Africa. Under the rule of King Leopold II, the Belgian Congo was turned into a vast rubber plantation. Men, women and children who failed to gather their latex quotas would have their limbs dismembered. The country became the scene of one of the century's greatest racial genocides, as an estimated 10 million Africans perished under colonial rule.

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Mary White Ovington (1865-1951)

   John Swett Rock

Table of Contents 

-- Acknowledgments
-- Introduction
-- Subject Lists
-- William Apess
-- Sara Josephine Baker
-- Smedley Butler
-- George Washington Cable
-- Tunis Campbell
-- Luisa Capetillo
-- Edward Coles
-- Anna Julia Cooper
-- Angie Debo
-- John Lovejoy Elliott
-- Elizabeth Freeman
-- Laura Haviland
-- Thomas Hazard
-- Lugenia Hope
-- Myles Horton
-- Jovita Idar
-- Florence Kelley
-- Thomas Kennedy
-- Susette La Flesche
-- Lucy Laney
-- Benjamin Lay
-- Belva Lockwood
-- Seth Luther
-- Vito Marcantonio
-- Tanya Nash
-- Mary Ovington
-- Jeannette Rankin
-- John Rock
-- Ernestine Rose
-- Rose Schneiderman
-- Tye Leung Schulze
-- David Walker
-- George White
-- Carola Woerishoffer
-- Minoru Yasui

George Henry White

Lugenia Hope


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Related files

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Gladys Barker Grauer

Go South to Sorrow

Noah's Curse

Poll War Against Iraq

Rev. Wesley J. Gaines

Special Order 15

Uncrowned Queens: African American Women

Uncrowned Queens Project 

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Months before Cornwallis surrendered to Washington at Yorktown in October 1781, Elizabeth, known commonly as Bett or MumBet, began her own social revolution in the household of her mistress, Hannah Ashley, and the state of Massachusetts.

Hannah Ashley attempted to strike Lizzie with a heated kitchen shovel; Elizabeth "interposed her arm, and received the blow; and she bore the honorable scar it left to the day of her death" (Berson, 109). Disturbed by her mistress outrageous behavior, Elizabeth consulted the lawyer Theodore Sedgwick and cited the revolutionary doctrine of equality. Elizabeth Freeman

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Lucy entered the first class of Atlanta University in 1869 at the age of 15. After graduation from Atlanta University, Laney began a lifelong career as an educator and the founder of numerous institutions for the uplift of freedmen and their children. She taught first, for ten years,  in the public schools of Savannah, Macon, and Milledgeville. Much of her efforts were curtailed by the reactionary phases of Reconstruction and post Reconstruction Georgia. . . . Believing that she could provide a higher standard of education than Georgia's public schools for Negroes, Lucy Laney decided to open her own school with the encouragement of the Christ Presbyterian Church, USA, and chose the city of Augusta which provided no schools for black children. Various Negro aid societies provided  some funds. The school opened on January 6, 1883 in the basement of the Christ Presbyterian Church (10 and Telfair Street), starting with five children, Laney had within a couple of years over 200 students enrolled in her school Lucy Laney

Published by Greenwood Press. Westport Connecticut. 1994

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Predator Nation

Corporate Criminals, Political Corruption, and the Hijacking of America

By Charles H. Ferguson

If you’re smart and a hard worker, but your parents aren’t rich, you’re now better off being born in Munich, Germany or in Singapore than in Cleveland, Ohio or New York. This radical shift did not happen by accident.  Ferguson shows how, since the Reagan administration in the 1980s, both major political parties have become captives of the moneyed elite.  It was the Clinton administration that dismantled the regulatory controls that protected the average citizen from avaricious financiers.  It was the Bush team that destroyed the federal revenue base with its grotesquely skewed tax cuts for the rich. And it is the Obama White House that has allowed financial criminals to continue to operate unchecked, even after supposed “reforms” installed after the collapse of 2008. Predator Nation reveals how once-revered figures like Alan Greenspan and Larry Summers became mere courtiers to the elite.

Based on many newly released court filings, it details the extent of the crimes—there is no other word—committed in the frenzied chase for wealth that caused the financial crisis.  And, finally, it lays out a plan of action for how we might take back our country and the American dream.Read Chapter 1

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Weep Not, Child

By Ngugi wa Thiong'o

This is a powerful, moving story that details the effects of the infamous Mau Mau war, the African nationalist revolt against colonial oppression in Kenya, on the lives of ordinary men and women, and on one family in particular. Two brothers, Njoroge and Kamau, stand on a rubbish heap and look into their futures. Njoroge is excited; his family has decided that he will attend school, while Kamau will train to be a carpenter. Together they will serve their countrythe teacher and the craftsman. But this is Kenya and the times are against them. In the forests, the Mau Mau is waging war against the white government, and the two brothers and their family need to decide where their loyalties lie. For the practical Kamau the choice is simple, but for Njoroge the scholar, the dream of progress through learning is a hard one to give up.—Penguin 

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the World and Threatened Civilization as We Know It

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In Greenback Planet, acclaimed historian H. W. Brands charts the dollar's astonishing rise to become the world's principal currency. Telling the story with the verve of a novelist, he recounts key episodes in U.S. monetary history, from the Civil War debate over fiat money (greenbacks) to the recent worldwide financial crisis. Brands explores the dollar's changing relations to gold and silver and to other currencies and cogently explains how America's economic might made the dollar the fundamental standard of value in world finance. He vividly describes the 1869 Black Friday attempt to corner the gold market, banker J. P. Morgan's bailout of the U.S. treasury, the creation of the Federal Reserve, and President Franklin Roosevelt's handling of the bank panic of 1933. Brands shows how lessons learned (and not learned) in the Great Depression have influenced subsequent U.S. monetary policy, and how the dollar's dominance helped transform economies in countries ranging from Germany and Japan after World War II to Russia and China today.

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My First Coup d'Etat

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By John Dramani Mahama

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The White Masters of the World

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Ancient African Nations

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery / George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

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update 31 May 2012