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New York Puerto Ricans have been an integral part of hip hop culture since the very beginning: from 1970s

pioneers like Rock Steady Crew's Jo-Jo, to recent rap mega-stars Big Punisher and Angie Martinez. Yet,

Puerto Rican participation and contributions to hip hop is frequently downplayed, if not completely ignored.

 

 

Curriculum VitaePersonal
New York, NY 10029
E-mail: rzrd@aol.com


EDUCATION

2000 Ph.D.
Graduate School of the City University of New York, New York
Department: Sociology
Dissertation: New York Ricans from the Hip Hop Zone: Between Blackness and Latinidad Chairperson: Juan Flores, Ph.D.

1996 M.A.
Centro de Estudios Avanzados de Puerto Rico y el Caribe, San Juan, Puerto Rico
Concentration: Puerto Rican Studies
Thesis: Para rapear en puertorriqueño: discurso y política cultural
Chairperson: Angel Quintero Rivera, Ph.D.

1992 B.A.
Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
Concentration: Development Studies
Honors Thesis: National Development in the Political Thought of Pedro Albizu Campos Chairperson: Paget Henry, Ph.D.


EMPLOYMENT HISTORY


1994 - present
Freelance Journalist
Contributor to newspapers El Diario/La Prensa and Hoy in New York, and El Nuevo Día, The San Juan Star and Claridad in Puerto Rico; and to magazines Críticas, One World, In the House, New York Latino and Stress, among others.

1992 - present
Freelance Editor, Translator, Interpreter and Proofreader
Provide services for Booklinks Publishing Services, Queens, New York; The Bravo Group, New York, New York; El Nuevo Día, Guaynabo, Puerto Rico; Towers Perrin Consulting Firm, Washington D.C.; among others

2000 - 2001
Producer and News Editor, Radio WADO, 1280 AM, New York
Duties: Produce "Primera Plana" current affairs show. Write and edit morning news.
Supervisor: Josiván Padilla, News Director


PUBLICATIONS

BOOKS


Rivera, R.Z. (2003). New York Ricans from the Hip Hop Zone. New York: Palgrave Macmillan/St. Martin's.

BOOK AND JOURNAL ARTICLES

Rivera, R.Z. (2002). "Hip Hop and New York Puerto Rican Identities." In Latina/o Popular Culture, ed. Mary Romero and Michelle Habell-Pallán. New York: New York University Press.

Rivera, R.Z. (2001). "Hip Hop, Puerto Ricans and Ethno-Racial Identities in New York." Pp. 235-261 in Mambo Montage: The Latinization of New York, ed. Agustín Laó-Montes and Arlene Dávila. New York: Columbia University Press.

Rivera, R.Z. (1998). "Cultura y poder en el rap puertorriqueño." Revista de Ciencias Sociales, University of Puerto Rico, 4, January: 124-146.

Rivera, R.Z. (1997). "Rap in Puerto Rico: Reflections from the Margins." Pp. 109-127 in Globalization and Survival in the Black Diaspora: The New Urban Challenge, ed. Charles Green. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press.

Rivera, R.Z. (1997). "Rapping Two Versions of the Same Requiem." Pp. 243-256 in Puerto Rican Jam: Rethinking Colonialism and Nationalism, ed. Frances Negrón-Muntaner and Ramón Grosfoguel. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Rivera, R.Z. (1996). "Boricuas from the Hip Hop Zone: Notes on Race and Ethnic Relations in New York City." Centro, Center for Puerto Rican Studies, City University of New York, VIII, 1&2: 202-217.

Oquendo, Carmen and R.Z. Rivera (1993). "El rap en Puerto Rico: Reclamando espacios culturales." Postdata, 8: 63-65.

Rivera, R.Z. (1992-93). "Rap Music in Puerto Rico: Mass Consumption or Social Resistance?" Centro, Center for Puerto Rican Studies, City University of New York, V, 1: 52-65.

SELECTED NEWSPAPER AND MAGAZINE ARTICLES

Rivera, R.Z. (2002). “Fat Joe: Al amparo del dios del trueno.” In the House Magazine, 22.

Rivera, R. Z. (2002). “Hip hop: Mitos y raíces.” In the House Magazine, 21: 48: 24-25.

Rivera, R.Z. (2001). "Fat Joe: Lider del 'Terror Squad'." El Diario/La Prensa, June 29: 37.

Rivera, R.Z. (2001). "Teatro al estilo hip hop toma a Nueva York." El Diario/La Prensa, June 27: 37.

Rivera, R.Z. (2001). "Un año sin Big Punisher." El Nuevo Día, February 9: 112.

Rivera, R.Z. (2000). "Una boda al estilo 'hip hop'." Hoy, December 28: 14.

Rivera, R.Z. (1999). "Vico C." New York Latino, Summer: 36-37.

Rivera, R.Z. (1997). "Not Hip Hop But Rap Cubano: Cuba's 3rd Annual National Rap Festival." Stress, 10, December: 84-86.

Rivera, R.Z. (1997). "Droppin' Bombs Ain't Always Healthy: The Navy Plays Target Practice in One Puerto Rican Community." Stress, 9, October: 28-29.

Rivera, R.Z. (1996). "Rice and Beans and Hip Hop Politics." The San Juan Star, March 3: 14 (Venue).

Rivera, R.Z. (1995). "Two Guanábanas and a Little Mayhem." The San Juan Star, September 10: 10-11 (Venue).

Rivera, R.Z. (1995). "Del underground a la superficie." Claridad, February 10-16: 29.

Oquendo, Carmen and R.Z. Rivera (1994). "Rapeando en puertorriqueño." Claridad, June 10-16: 22-23.

Rivera, R.Z. (1994). "¿Que el rap no es cultura?" Claridad, March 4-10: 26.


LECTURES AND PAPER PRESENTATIONS


Rivera, R.Z. (April 2002). “Nacionalismo cultural: Raíces que matan, raíces que dan vida.” Paper presented at The Puerto Rican “Vacilón”: A Conference on Current Debates in Puerto Rican Culture and Politics, sponsored by The Center for Latin American Studies, University of Miami, Florida.

Rivera, R.Z. (March 2001). "New York Ricans from the Hip Hop Zone." Guest lecture sponsored by the Anthropology Department, Tufts University, Somerville, Massachusetts.

Rivera, R.Z. (March 2000). "Hip Hop and New York Puerto Rican Identities." Paper presented at the XXII Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Miami, Florida.

Rivera, R.Z. (March 2000). "Butta Pecan Mamis: Images of Caribbean Latinas in Contemporary Pop Culture." Paper presented at the First Annual Conference on African Women and Their Descendants in the Caribbean and Latin America, Baruch College, New York, New York.

Rivera, R.Z. (November 1999). "Boricuas from the Hip Hop Zone: Aquí y Allá." Guest lecture sponsored by the Amerian Civilization Department and the Federación de Estudiantes Puertorriqueños, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

Rivera, R.Z. (November 1999). "Boricuas from the Hip Hop Zone: Aquí y Allá." Guest lecture sponsored by the American Studies Department and Casa Latina, University of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts.

Rivera, R.Z. (October 1999). "What's So Real About Real Hip Hop: Latinas/os and the Urban Arts." Guest lecture sponsored by the Sociology Department and the Chicana/Chicano Student Caucus, Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts.

Rivera, R.Z. (October 1998). "Policing Morality: The Case of Underground Rap and Reggae in Puerto Rico." Paper presented at the Third International Conference of the Puerto Rican Studies Association, Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, New York.

Rivera, R.Z. (October 1998). "Gender Identities and Representations in Hip Hop Culture." Paper presented at the conference Puerto Rican Women at the Turn of the Century: The Challenge of Double Colonization, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Rivera, R.Z. (September 1998). "Hip Hop, Puerto Ricans and Ethno-Racial Politics in New York: Between Latinidad and Virtual Blackness." Paper presented at the XXI Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Chicago, Illinois.

Rivera, R.Z. (April 1998). "Youth Identities and Power in Rap Music." Paper presented at the conference Race and the Construction of the Puerto Rican Identity, Baruch College, New York, New York.

Rivera, R.Z. (March 1998). "Rap in Puerto Rico: Reflections from the Margins." Paper presented at the panel Globalization and Survival in the Black Diaspora, York College, Queens, New York.

Rivera, R.Z. (October 1997). "Rap in Puerto Rico: Reflections from the Margins." Paper presented at the panel Globalization and Survival in the Black Diaspora, State University of New York, Albany, New York.

Rivera, R.Z. (September 1997). "Rap in Puerto Rico: Reflections from the Margins." Paper presented at the panel Globalization and Survival in the Black Diaspora, Hunter College, New York, New York.

Rivera, R.Z. (September 1996). "Boricuas from the Hip Hop Zone: Notes on Race and Ethnic Relations in New York City." Paper presented at the Second International Conference of the Puerto Rican Studies Association, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Rivera, R.Z. (August 1996). "Boricuas from the Hip Hop Zone: Notes on Race and Ethnic Relations in New York City." Paper presented at the American Sociological Association Annual Conference, New York, New York.

Rivera, R.Z. and Oquendo, Carmen (April 1994). "El rap en Puerto Rico: reclamando espacios culturales." Guest lecture sponsored by the Hispanic Studies Department, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.


HONORS AND AWARDS

1998 - 1999 Dean K. Harrison Dissertation Fellowship,
Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York,

1994 - 1998 MAGNET Fellowship,
Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York,

1994 - 1997 National Science Foundation Minority Fellowship

1993 First Prize in essay category, Contornos Literary Contest
University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico

1992 Honors Degree,
Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

1988 National Merit Scholarship, College Board of Puerto Rico


PROFESSIONAL REFERENCES


Juan Flores, Full Professor, Department of Sociology, Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, New York
Address: Sociology Department, CUNY Graduate Center
365 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10016-4309

Angel Quintero Rivera, Full Professor, Department of Social Sciences, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico
Address: Centro de Investigaciones Sociales
Universidad de Puerto Rico
Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico 00931

Gerson Borrero, Editor in Chief, El Diario/La Prensa, New York, New York
Address: 345 Hudson Street, 13th floor
New York, NY 10014

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Raquel Z. Rivera is a freelance journalist and has a Ph.D. in Sociology from the City University of New York Graduate Center.   Born and raised in San Juan, Puerto Rico, she has lived in New York City since 1994.
 A freelance editor, translator and interpreter, her first love is writing. Her articles, stories and poetry have appeared in newspapers El Diario/La Prensa, Siempre and Hoy in New York, and El Nuevo Día, The San Juan Star and Claridad in Puerto Rico; and in magazines One World, Críticas, In the House and Stress. Her academic work has been published in Puerto Rican Jam: Essays on Puerto Rican Culture and Politics (University of Minnesota Press, 1997), Revista de Ciencias Sociales (University of Puerto Rico, 1998), Mambo Montage: The Latinization of New York (Columbia University Press, 2001) and Latina/Latino Popular Culture (New York University Press, 2002). E-mail: rzrd@aol.com

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AALBC.com's 25 Best Selling Books


 

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Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America

By Melissa V. Harris-Perry

According to the author, this society has historically exerted considerable pressure on black females to fit into one of a handful of stereotypes, primarily, the Mammy, the Matriarch or the Jezebel.  The selfless Mammy’s behavior is marked by a slavish devotion to white folks’ domestic concerns, often at the expense of those of her own family’s needs. By contrast, the relatively-hedonistic Jezebel is a sexually-insatiable temptress. And the Matriarch is generally thought of as an emasculating figure who denigrates black men, ala the characters Sapphire and Aunt Esther on the television shows Amos and Andy and Sanford and Son, respectively.     

Professor Perry points out how the propagation of these harmful myths have served the mainstream culture well. For instance, the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for black females to feel a maternal instinct towards Caucasian babies.

As for the source of the Jezebel, black women had no control over their own bodies during slavery given that they were being auctioned off and bred to maximize profits. Nonetheless, it was in the interest of plantation owners to propagate the lie that sisters were sluts inclined to mate indiscriminately.

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Blacks in Hispanic Literature: Critical Essays

Edited by Miriam DeCosta-Willis 

Blacks in Hispanic Literature is a collection of fourteen essays by scholars and creative writers from Africa and the Americas. Called one of two significant critical works on Afro-Hispanic literature to appear in the late 1970s, it includes the pioneering studies of Carter G. Woodson and Valaurez B. Spratlin, published in the 1930s, as well as the essays of scholars whose interpretations were shaped by the Black aesthetic. The early essays, primarily of the Black-as-subject in Spanish medieval and Golden Age literature, provide an historical context for understanding 20th-century creative works by African-descended, Hispanophone writers, such as Cuban Nicolás Guillén and Ecuadorean poet, novelist, and scholar Adalberto Ortiz, whose essay analyzes the significance of Negritude in Latin America. This collaborative text set the tone for later conferences in which writers and scholars worked together to promote, disseminate, and critique the literature of Spanish-speaking people of African descent. . . . Cited by a literary critic in 2004 as "the seminal study in the field of Afro-Hispanic Literature . . . on which most scholars in the field 'cut their teeth'."

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Incognegro: A Memoir of Exile and Apartheid

By  Frank B. Wilderson III

Wilderson, a professor, writer and filmmaker from the Midwest, presents a gripping account of his role in the downfall of South African apartheid as one of only two black Americans in the African National Congress (ANC). After marrying a South African law student, Wilderson reluctantly returns with her to South Africa in the early 1990s, where he teaches Johannesburg and Soweto students, and soon joins the military wing of the ANC. Wilderson's stinging portrait of Nelson Mandela as a petulant elder eager to accommodate his white countrymen will jolt readers who've accepted the reverential treatment usually accorded him. After the assassination of Mandela's rival, South African Communist Party leader Chris Hani, Mandela's regime deems Wilderson's public questions a threat to national security; soon, having lost his stomach for the cause, he returns to America. Wilderson has a distinct, powerful voice and a strong story that shuffles between the indignities of Johannesburg life and his early years in Minneapolis, the precocious child of academics who barely tolerate his emerging political consciousness. Wilderson's observations about love within and across the color line and cultural divides are as provocative as his politics; despite some distracting digressions, this is a riveting memoir of apartheid's last days.—Publishers Weekly

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Becoming American Under Fire

Irish Americans, African Americans, and the Politics of Citizenship

During the Civil War Era

By Christian G. Samito

In Becoming American under Fire, Christian G. Samito provides a rich account of how African American and Irish American soldiers influenced the modern vision of national citizenship that developed during the Civil War era. By bearing arms for the Union, African Americans and Irish Americans exhibited their loyalty to the United States and their capacity to act as citizens; they strengthened their American identity in the process. . . . For African American soldiers, proving manhood in combat was only one aspect to their quest for acceptance as citizens. As Samito reveals, by participating in courts-martial and protesting against unequal treatment, African Americans gained access to legal and political processes from which they had previously been excluded. The experience of African Americans in the military helped shape a postwar political movement that successfully called for rights and protections regardless of race. For Irish Americans, soldiering in the Civil War was part of a larger affirmation of republican government and it forged a bond between their American citizenship and their Irish nationalism. The wartime experiences of Irish Americans helped bring about recognition of their full citizenship through naturalization and also caused the United States to pressure Britain to abandon its centuries-old policy of refusing to recognize the naturalization of British subjects abroad. / For Love of Liberty

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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