Books by Tavis Smiley
My Story of Growing Up in America /
The Covenant with Black America /
The Covenant in Action
Never Mind Success: Go for Greatness /
Keeping the Faith /
Black Rage, Black Redemption
* * * *
Books by Cornel West
Democracy Matters: The Fight Against Imperialism /
Cornel West Reader /
The Future of the Race
The American Evasion of Philosophy /
American Religious Thought /
The War Against Parents
The African American Century /
White on White / Black on Black /
Prophesy Deliverance /
The Soul Knows No Bars
* * * *
the Mic! Tour of Tavis Smiley
Game or True Struggle for Social Justice
Featuring Michael Eric Dyson & Cornel West
An editorial by Rudolph
Baltimore (12 December 2003) — They each in turn (these men in
business suits) danced onto the stage of the Lyric Theater
(Baltimore) with the latest moves of the Hip Hop Scene. They
were cheered and received standing ovations (by some) as they
strutted their stuff, shook their tail feathers, and flashed
their pearly whites as they approached the mike to entertain the
receptive throng of 1200 who each (mostly) paid his (or her) $60
for a ticket to hear the word from three popular and glib black
Though their lingo and style were that of
thugs from the hood, these three men — Tavis Smiley, Michael Eric Dyson, and
Cornel West — are highly respected black
entrepreneurs or Baptist preachers, or university professors
(with tenure) or all three. With each delivering for forty-five
(45) minutes a "sermonic lecture," it was difficult to
establish whether the occasion was one for careful reflection on
and examination of the plight of the oppressed in America or a
combination of an evangelical (get happy) church meeting and a
hip-hop rap concert.
These three black well-known gentlemen are
touted especially for their success and wealth and there were
many women in the audience who might have indeed paid more to
have a closer conference with these handsome, talented, and
well-off brothers who, especially Dyson, who can sing and dance as
well as any of today's popular R & B or hip hop stars.
And, of course, there was a surprisingly
large number of brothers (admirers of their success and
popularity) in the audience including a great number of young
men heavily influenced by the hip hop culture. The audience
included such social activists as Larry Young, D. Morton Glover,
Bob Moore, a congressional representative and many others. None
of them was acknowledged by the superstars who were just
touring. All of which seemed a case of bad form, if one was
interested truly in black leadership and racial unity.
Mr. Smiley's "Sermonic Lecture"
In this introduction, some may think that I
have drawn a modern-day minstrel scene which had a superficial
layer of intellectuality. It indeed had that flavor of the
month. For truly I was reminded, when the lights were turned
down to darkness and the spotlight hit the stage and the music
began to grind, of my youthful days at the Royal Theater on
Pennsylvania Avenue. But, of course, these three highly educated
and public experienced gentlemen were totally unlike the
traditional 19th century or early 20th century corked-faced
minstrels, even though they showed they were the masters of
ghetto street antics.
Thankfully, Mr. Smiley made a request to the
lighting director to turn up the lights so that he could see how
beautiful his audience was. This dim setting did allow me to
take a few notes on each of the speakers as they came to the
mike to inspire members of the audience to take responsibility
for their freedom.
Mr. Smiley, of The Smiley Group, Inc., began
the program by thinking his sponsors which included Exxon (or
some international oil company), and a host of foundations (the
usual ones listed for PBS programs). He then made his apologies
to whatever white people who might be in the audience for it was
his intent, unlike his news program, to make use of "ebonics"
in making his 45-minute presentation.
It is still unclear to me the need for the
apology and why he thought there was a need to make use of
"ebonics" in order to relate to the assembled crowd.
In any event, each of the speakers took his turn in showing how
hip or "down" each was with street talk. Of course,
they were different. Though their appeal was sensual and
emotional, these men, according to their own words, lived the
"life of the mind."
From what I could see or make out the
assembled group was highly educated and definitely mostly of
Baltimore's black middle class. What other group within our
community can afford to pay $60 to hear three Negroes
jive-talk for three hours? I suspect the audience could have
forgone the hip-ness and received well enough formal addresses
presented with a measure of dignity and integrity if these cats
had anything important to say about how matters could be turned
around within the present onslaught of the religious right and
the greed and bullying of corporate execs and their governmental
But the primary tenor of the Pass the Mic!
Tour is entertainment.
Mr. Smiley's address, as the other two, was
the usual racial and liberal rhetoric of the African-American
petty bourgeoisie—an attack on racial supremacy and lack of
governmental reform. Theirs, however, was sprinkled
exceedingly with humor, which added much to the general
feel-goodness of the occasion. No national black comedian could
have received as many guffaws and cheers as these three men of
purported and vaunted seriousness.
After announcing his wealthy white sponsors,
Mr. Smiley proclaimed that the "black man is the most
maligned person on the face of the earth." Obviously, it
was such a guilt line that enabled Tavis, Michael, and Cornel to
get the support of Exxon and foundation money for this Tour. I
am sure that Mr. Smiley did not believe in his heart that he was
one of the "most maligned" men in America. For when he
came onto public radio, he had a number of white men on his
program sing his praises and congratulate him on his success.
Moreover, it seems as if PBS, an agency he promoted at this
affair, will allow him to host a program in 2004. Fifteen
million black men would like to be so maligned.
To justify their pretense to legitimate
leadership, Mr. Smiley along with his cohorts cleared the board.
They each were unhappy with the present state of black
leadership. In their Tour of American black cities they will be
"fostering questions on leadership." Mr. Smiley
started in on black clergy and proceeded to attack blacks who
hold high positions in Corporate America, one of whom, he
pointed out, is the most proficient fundraiser for the Bush
campaign. Mr. Smiley claimed that his Tour was "not about
symbols but substance."
In a further attack on black clergy and the
Christian church, Mr. Smiley said they had no hope for a
"messianic figure" to bring freedom for the oppressed
black minority. He believes that black people spend too much
time "looking up when they should be looking around."
He then tossed the problem back on the oppressed themselves;
they, in effect, must free themselves. "Each has a role to
play . . . an individual role and responsibility." And he
wasn't speaking of "a slick role to get over."
Mr. Smiley then gave his interpretation of
the "Parable of the Prodigal Son" and told a joke
about the Last Supper. From my perspective, the joke seemed more
suited for a street bull session. Jesus, according to Mr.
Smiley, said this was the last supper in that none of his
disciples brought anything to the table. Then he went on with
his biblical explication, which was filled with more humor and
guffaws and a repetitious rallying of the crowd.
Mr. Smiley was assured that the Prodigal Son
was not a Negro. For finding himself among the swine, a Negro
would not have gone hungry after wasting his inheritance. The
practical Negro would have had not only ham and shoulder,
but also pig ears and tails and chitterlings. Like the Prodigal
Son, he believes the Negro has "gone too far . . . away
from what is right." And that the Negro "spends too
much" on that which is unessential, even though
economically the Negro is "three-fifths of a person."
For Mr. Smiley and the rest of the speakers,
the Negro is less moral than he used to be and it is this
immorality (or amorality) that keeps him oppressed. We,
according to Mr. Smiley, have been in this state of immorality
"too long" and it's "time for us to pick up the
pieces." Mr. Smiley is convinced that the Negro has
"got the skill" but he doesn't "have the
will" to free himself.
The Reverend Dr. Michael Eric Dyson's
Mr. Dyson danced onto the stage with the
hippest music. He got all the moves with arms, hands, neck, and
hips. He was smoother than a baby's bottom as he made his way to
the mike amidst cheers and applause. Reverend Dyson began his
presentation with much bombast related to the greatness of Tavis
Smiley, whom he described as a "media mogul,"
"single," and "intelligent." Cornel West
(his mentor), he declaimed was "the most important black
intellectual in America."
Like Mr. Smiley, Rev. Dyson cleared
in these "critical times" the board of the
present leadership, which he found inadequate or
inept. In these "economic times,"
declared Dyson, we are swamped by "unprincipled
leaders." We have a great "need for principal
leaders" and then he went on to explain "what
makes up a great leader."
First on his list was the need for "study."
It was the desire of the Pass the Mic! Tour to
"make the life of the mind sexy." The movement
of his exposition on this characteristic was at once
external and internal.
Rev. Dyson attacked America's general
"anti-intellectual" attitude and specifically the
attitude of George Bush and his butchering of the King's
English. He then defended Negro English or "ebonics"
on its effectiveness of removing the superficiality of America's
hypocrisy. He pointed out that the Negro has ever been aware of
the "privileges of whiteness," even in these times
when the religious right and other Republican conservatives aim
at reversing the gains of affirmative action.
"It is not what we say [the lack of
traditional grammar], but how we say it." He explicated the
Negro use of the verb "be" in which it is generally
understood—a condition that began in the past,
continues in the present, and likely to continue into the
future. As in the statement, "It be that way."
To relate to the younger crowd, he rapped out
Tupac Shakur, Snoop Dogg, Biggie Smalls, and other hip hop stars
with great effect and applause. Tupac he claimed, to the
satisfaction of many of Tupac's fans, that Tupac stood head and
shoulder intellectually above the rest of the hip hop stars. For
Tupac appreciated the value of the book and that he read widely.
That may indeed be true. But it is evident that Tupac's life was
filled more with violence than wisdom or even a commitment to
Second characteristic of a great leader on
Reverend Dyson's list was "service and
self-sacrifice." For him there is a "crisis
of vision." The attitude of "I got mine they got to
get theirs" is too prevalent within the community. Again,
the audience heard an attack on the black clergy, heads of
"megachurches" who pay $20 million for their church
buildings, and on "navel gazers," and such ilk who are
"backsliding into theological perjury."
Dyson believes that the "spirit to lift
one up from" economic hell has disappeared from the moral
make-up of today's black leadership, and that there is such a
generational gap within the community that older adults have
"gutted the imagination of young people."
As the good Reverend made his remarks on this
characteristic, I could not help wondering where was the
"service and sacrifice" in their Pass the Mic! Tour.
They did mention that they had gotten corporations to buy
tickets for young people to attend the affair. But one must
wonder indeed what personal sacrifices these gentlemen are
making. All three are fairly wealthy with six-figure salaries.
Why did they not offer to donate the proceeds of that night's
function to some local needy organization. Allowed, for the $60
ticket, they indeed gave away Dyson's books, but that seemed
more a matter of self-promotion.
Third characteristic named by the good
Reverend Dyson was risk-taking: we need a
"leadership that can take a risk." He is tired of
"grandiloquent" and "scared Negroes."
What is it with Negroes whose names begin with the "letter
C," he asked, "Clarence, Condolezza, Colin, and
Connelly. It is a good thing we have "Cornel on our
side." "A black face," Dyson rhymed,
"in a high place, "don't necessary represent the
Reverend Dyson ended his sermon by promoting
his book Why I Love Black Women, which seemed to have
been, in his own words, a case of "situational hoodooism."
He lauded Harriet Tubman and made a case for patriotism rather
than nationalism. He ended on a religious note, stating we are
only "pilgrims": "This is not our home."
Dyson left the stage with great applause and, from some, a
standing ovation. He had indeed wowed his audience. Everything
that followed was anti-climatic.
Philosopher Cornel West's "Sermonic
If anyone came to this Tavis Smiley Show
expecting to hear something enlightening and profound from
Cornel West, University Professor of Religion at Princeton, he
(or she) was sorely disappointed. He too danced onto the stage
but not with as much rhythm and éclat as his two younger
For some reason or another he felt that
before this middle-class African-American audience he needed to
show his hip-ness. He was awkward and stiff and solicited more
laughter than applause. One wonders whether the good professor
slips and slides when he's at Princeton or when he is before a
Green Party audience.
Rather than coming before his audience with a
prepared statement or note cards, Professor West decided to
compete with his student Reverend Dyson and fell flat on his
face. He was tiresome and worn in his remarks, not as glib and
smooth when he talks to a white audience. At times he could
barely form his words, trying to be what he is not—a hip entertainer. So used to being in
the ivory towers of Harvard and Princeton, Professor West felt,
it seemed, that his black audience at the Lyric Theater would
not be able to understand the same kind of spiel he gives to his
white university trained audiences. To whom and for whom, one
must ask, did he write his nineteen books and numerous articles,
and to what end?
Beginning as the two former speakers,
Professor West praised his comrades to high heaven and stated
his willingness to defend them to the death. With respect to Mr.
Smiley and Rev. Dyson, he applauded them for "linking the
life of the mind with the struggle of freedom." Mr. Smiley,
he said, he met eighteen (18) years ago and that he was pleased
that he was able to instruct and inspire across the generation
gap. Mr. Smiley, West believes, is "a profound
writer." He stood with Mr. Smiley, almost solitary against
the injustice of Robert Johnson and BET.
Professor West met Reverend Dyson thirty (30)
years ago when he was as "broke as the Ten
Commandments." (That got a good cheer and numerous
guffaws.) After stating his praise and long connection, West
wandered from one topic to another, at times, amidst hecklers
from the audience. But again, like the previous speakers, he
downed present leadership in relation to the leaders of the past
like Martin and Malcolm. Traditionally, black leaders, he
explained told "America who it is" and "black
people who they are.
He then proceeded to 9-11 and the War against
Iraq. "America," he declaimed, "is old but not
grown up." America is now as a result of imperialistic
aggression "unsafe and subjected to random violence. . . .
The whole nation has been niggerized." Professor West
explained, "What was American slavery, but terrorism?"
Black people have always known terror in America and it is only
now that whites are recognizing the phenomena as daily fare.
He brought attention to the hundred-year
expanse of American lynchings in the South and Midwest and the
courage of the mother of Emmett Till, by whose body (and whose
head swollen twice its normal size) 125,000 filed. When asked by
the minister John Julius Alston whether she had anything to say,
she responded, "I don't have a moment to hate. But I am
going to pursue justice the rest of my life."
Professor West, rightly, pointed out that
this response was in great contrast to American foreign policy,
which is one of revenge in which Iraqis are "cut down like
cockroaches." We, he declaimed, must have the "courage
to bear witness." The professor stumbled forward to
numerous other topics, such as America's "hedonistic"
and "orgiastic" preoccupations, the prison system and
its culture, the need for education responsibility, and to the
problems of black youth.
"Hip Hop culture," Professor West
concluded, is "an indictment of the older generation"
and of today's capitalist mechanizations in which its economic
methodology is a "gangsterism of culture," pointing
out the Enron debacle, a stealing of billions, which he
contrasted with the petty theft of some welfare mothers. As a
Christian, Professor West pointed out, he does not condone
stealing of any type, but too often "we see an ATM machine
before we see the cross."
He believes there is "pimp
activity" that exists in high places not just in racial
ghettos. He was "not talking about all, but too many."
Instead of talking about "let freedom ring" there was
too much talk about "the bling-bling."
Professor West ended his tiresome exposition
with a further attack on the state of black leadership. It was,
he concluded, "not Socratic enough." (Professor West
emphasized heavily this word "socratic," as if
Socrates was his Jesus and the only man in the world who ever
asked questions about the Good and the significance of Being in
the World.) We are in need of, he declaimed, "those who are
willing to die for the people. . . . to speak bold truth about
white supremacy." Since Martin, it has not been Christian
ministers who have served that function, but a Muslim minister,
namely Louis Farrakhan.
Black leadership, West reiterated had
"fallen short." But, he claimed "we are making a
comeback." There will be no more cases of "HNIC, Head
Negro in Charge." We were left to assume that Mr. Smiley's
Pass the Mic! Tour was going to turn the trick.
Professor West wants a "democratic
leadership" and went on to explain what he meant by using a
jazz metaphor and made reference to I Corinthians 13. He warned
that "we are all in it together and that we will be going
down together." But ended on the hopeful note that "we
want to bear fruit . . . speaking truth and bearing witness . .
. [to have a] love of wisdom, freedom, and
It was then about 9:40 pm, over two and a
half hours after the program began. Most, I suspect, was
relieved when Professor West left the stage. I know I was.
The Audience Responds
Then there was another 45
minutes in which members of the audience asked questions. Some
speakers from WEAA (FM public radio station) came on stage as regulators of how the
questions would be asked to the three presenters. I remained for
about fifteen minutes into this session. It was too much.
Questions I heard were pretty inane and none challenged these
three leaders of bombast. And the capable leaders present
realized that this was no format in which to challenge these
talented demagogues who seemingly had won the hearts and minds
of the majority of those present.
When I left home for the affair, I however
planned to ask some questions about leadership and the
characteristics of leadership, since I had been reading an
excellent paper by Dr.
Ron Walters of the University of Maryland, College Park who
had written an excellent examination of the "legitimacy of
leadership." But I thought better of it after suffering
through three sermonic lectures and so got my hat and my notes
and walked away from Smiley, Dyson, and West.
A Last Word
Pass the Mic! Tour is indeed an interesting and curious affair.
I know I would not have paid $60 to hear these three cats talk.
But I indeed feel fortunate to have been passed along a free
ticket from Larry Young's radio program. Smiley's Tour is indeed
a well-organized and coordinated promotional campaign. I have my
doubts that it has anything to do with black liberation and more
to do with the self-promotion of three highly sophisticated
black men, of Africa America's petty bourgeoisie.
they have made use of public outreach and rhyming, none of these
fellows approach the stature and dignity and integrity of
Reverend Jesse Jackson, however far he has fallen in grace. They
have indeed under Smiley's leadership added a unique aspect or
innovation to political diatribe—hip-hop entertainment and
expert marketing. Their glibness and hip-ness however come off
as shallow as stump water. They are hatchet men on the road
hawking feel-good elixirs to no sustaining effect.
do not believe in the least that these cats are, despite their
protestations, about service or self-sacrifice or possess a
willingness to die for black freedom. They are as slippery as
any greased pig that anyone might take hold of. Mr. Smiley has
the nerve to promote oil companies when my 92-year-old
grandmother is now forced to pay for heating oil as much as one
pays for gasoline. They had nothing to say about the impact that
oil companies have on our foreign and domestic policies. 'Cause they getting paid.
Dyson, and West can't speak forth independently on their
Mic! Tour because they are getting money from this and that
foundation. One characteristic of legitimate leadership none of
the three speakers named was accountability. Will they give a
full accounting of monies they received and what they intend to
do with the proceeds and how much they are pocketing?
Instead of rushing through town attacking
local leaders, why not set up meetings with local leaders in how
they can assist in promoting continuing programs in improving
the level and quality of local black leadership. But no, they
seem to have little interest in such programs. They rather
played to the crowd, packed their bags, pocketed the receipts,
and left town.
15 December 2003
is a broadcaster, author, advocate and philanthropist.
TIME Magazine honored Smiley in 2009 as one of "The
World's 100 Most Influential People." He is currently
the host of the late night television talk show, "Tavis
Smiley" on PBS and "The Tavis Smiley Show" distributed
by Public Radio International (PRI). In 2007, Smiley
made television history as the moderator and executive
producer of the All-American Presidential Forums on PBS,
the first Democratic and Republican presidential debates
broadcast live in primetime with a panel exclusively
comprised of journalists of color.
In addition to his radio and television work, Smiley has
authored fourteen books. His memoir,
What I Know For Sure: My Story of Growing Up in America,
was a New York Times bestseller.
His latest book,
Accountable: Making America As Good As its Promise,
addresses how our political leaders, corporations and
finally, American citizens themselves can enforce
accountability and effect change.
The Tavis Smiley Foundation, a non-profit organization,
was established to provide leadership training and
development for youth. Since its inception, more than
6,000 young people have participated in the foundation's
Youth to Leaders training workshops and conferences.
* * *
Tavis Smiley (born September 13, 1964) is an
American talk show host, author, political commentator,
entrepreneur, advocate and philanthropist. Smiley was
born in Gulfport, Mississippi and grew up in Kokomo,
Indiana. After attending Indiana University, he worked
during the late 1980s as an aide to Tom Bradley, the
mayor of Los Angeles. Smiley became a radio commentator
in 1991, and starting in 1996 he hosted the talk show
BET Talk (later renamed BET Tonight) on BET.
Controversially, after Smiley sold an exclusive
Sara Jane Olson to ABC News in 2001, BET declined to
renew Smiley's contract that year. Smiley then began
The Tavis Smiley Show on
NPR from 2002 to 2004 and currently hosts Tavis
PBS on the weekdays and a weekly self-titled show on
PRI. . . .
Smiley was honored
NAACP Image Award for best news, talk, or
information series for three consecutive years (1997–99)
for his work on BET Tonight with Tavis Smiley. Smiley's
advocacy efforts have earned him numerous awards and
recognitions including the recipient of the Mickey
Leland Humanitarian Award from the National Association
of Minorities in Communications.In 1999, he founded the
Tavis Smiley Foundation, which funds programs that
develop young leaders in the black community. Since its
inception, more than 6,000 young people have
participated in the foundation's Youth to Leaders
Training workshops and conferences. His communications
company, The Smiley Group, Inc., serves as the holding
company for various enterprises encompassing broadcast
and print media, lecturers, symposiums, and the
Time named him one of America's 50 Most Promising
Time honored him the next year as one of the "100
Most Influential People in the World." In May 2007,
Smiley gave a commencement speech at his alma mater,
Indiana University at Bloomington, Indiana. In May 2008,
he gave the commencement address at Connecticut College,
where he was awarded an honorary doctorate. In May 2009,
Smiley was awarded an honorary doctorate at
Langston University after giving the commencement
On December 12,
2008, Smiley received the Du Bois Medal from Harvard
University's W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and
African American Research.—Wikipedia
* * * *
Living and Loving Out Loud, A Memoir
is like its author: brilliant, unapologetic,
full of passion yet cool. This poignant
memoir traces West’s transformation from a
schoolyard Robin Hood into a progressive
cultural icon. From his youthful
investigation of the “death shudder” to why
he embraced his calling of teaching over
preaching, from his three marriages and his
two precious children to his near-fatal bout
with prostate cancer, West illuminates what
it means to live as “an aspiring bluesman in
a world of ideas and a jazzman in the life
of the mind.” Woven together with the fibers
of his lifelong commitment to the prophetic
Christian tradition that began in
Sacramento’s Shiloh Baptist Church,
is a tale of a man courageous enough to be
fully human, living and loving out loud.
* * *
Michael Eric Dyson to President Obama /
Michael Eric Dyson: To The Young & Disillusioned
Michael Eric Dyson: Obama isn't Moses, he is Pharaoh
Smiley and West: Obama & Sharpton
* * * *
to Take a Job in New York—Laurie Goodstein—16
West, the peripatetic public intellectual and
political activist, plans to finish out a teaching
career that has taken him from Yale to Harvard to
Princeton by moving back this coming summer to
Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York,
where he began as an assistant professor in 1977.
Dr. West, the author of 19 books, including Race
Matters, and a ubiquitous television and radio
commentator, said he was taking a significant pay
cut to become a professor of philosophy and
Christian practices at Union.
where the eminent theologian Reinhold Niebuhr
taught, is also known as the birthplace of black
theology. James H. Cone, a foremost scholar in that
tradition, is still on the faculty.In an interview
from Seattle, on his way to visit Occupy protesters
there, Dr. West said that his liberal politics were
formed in Progressive Baptist churches, and that
Union was “the institutional expression of my core
identity as a prophetic Christian.”—NYTimes
* * *
* * *
Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in
By Melissa V.
According to the
author, this society has historically exerted
considerable pressure on black females to fit into one
of a handful of stereotypes, primarily, the Mammy, the
Matriarch or the Jezebel. The selfless
Mammy’s behavior is marked by a slavish devotion to
white folks’ domestic concerns, often at the expense of
those of her own family’s needs. By contrast, the
relatively-hedonistic Jezebel is a sexually-insatiable
temptress. And the Matriarch is generally thought of as
an emasculating figure who denigrates black men, ala the
characters Sapphire and Aunt Esther on the television
shows Amos and Andy and Sanford and Son, respectively.
points out how the propagation of these harmful myths
have served the mainstream culture well. For instance,
the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for
black females to feel a maternal instinct towards
As for the source
of the Jezebel, black women had no control over their
own bodies during slavery given that they were being
auctioned off and bred to maximize profits. Nonetheless,
it was in the interest of plantation owners to propagate
the lie that sisters were sluts inclined to mate
* * *
Sex at the Margins
Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry
By Laura María Agustín
This book explodes several myths: that selling sex is completely different from any other kind of work, that migrants who sell sex are passive victims and that the multitude of people out to save them are without self-interest. Laura Agustín makes a passionate case against these stereotypes, arguing that the label 'trafficked' does not accurately describe migrants' lives and that the 'rescue industry' serves to disempower them. Based on extensive research amongst both migrants who sell sex and social helpers, Sex at the Margins provides a radically different analysis. Frequently, says Agustin, migrants make rational choices to travel and work in the sex industry, and although they are treated like a marginalised group they form part of the dynamic global economy. Both powerful and controversial, this book is essential reading for all those who want to understand the increasingly important relationship between sex markets, migration and the desire for social justice. "Sex at the Margins rips apart distinctions between migrants, service work and sexual labour and reveals the utter complexity of the contemporary sex industry. This book is set to be a trailblazer in the study of sexuality."—Lisa Adkins, University of London
* * *
The White Masters of the
The World and Africa, 1965
By W. E. B. Du Bois
W. E. B. Du Bois’
Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization
* * *
Ancient African Nations
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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan
The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll
Only a Pawn in Their Game
Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for
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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg
Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804
January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of
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