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 Jefferson was one of the husbands of Maggie Cow Tom, one of the

two daughters of Cow Tom.  Maggie Cow Tom had three husbands:

Harry Island, McGilbray (full name not given), and Silas Jefferson.

 

 

Silas Jefferson & the Cow Tom Connection

 

Silas Jefferson was one of the team of dynamic African leaders of the Muskogee Nation. He was sometimes known as Tucker or Ducker, also.  On more than one occasion, Silas Jefferson accompanied the Muskogee delegation to Washington DC. Being fully bilingual, he served as a an interpreter for the delegation, and he also worked for the conservative party in the Nation.

Jefferson was often considered to be a dependable person, because of his language skill and because he could also speak to people his leaders considered to be "insurgents.  He was included as part of the Creek delegation to negotiate terms with the rebels during the Green Peach War.

Silas Jefferson is one of the few African identified in tribal pictures from the nation, although he was one of several Africans who served their nation with honor and distinction.

What then is the Silas Jefferson connection to the Cow Tom Family and his descendants. They were all African Creeks or part of the Creek or Muskogee Nation.

But there seems to be a more personal one. From the documents collected by Geraldine Elliott Robinson. Jefferson was one of the husbands of Maggie Cow Tom, one of the two daughters of Cow Tom.  Maggie Cow Tom had three husbands: Harry Island, McGilbray (full name not given), and Silas Jefferson.

Maggie Cow Tom seems to have had four children: Katie Island (Rentie) (1854-1942); Angelina Jefferson (Lewis) (1853); Boston Thompson (1856-1929); Ned Thompson (1859-1942). From the list of the children, one notes there are three surnames used for the children. So it seems that Maggie Cow Tom's daughters were by two different men. Katie Island may be her daughter by Harry Island and Angelina Jefferson by Silas Jefferson. 

Both of her sons Boston and Ned carry the Thompson name. In an interview, Ned Thompson list his father's name as "Quash Gilbra,"  which seems close to the McGilbray name listed in the "Cow Tom & Amy" document. Thus, it seems safe to conclude that Maggie Cow Tom had children by all three of her husbands. 

Ned and Boston Thompson seemed to have been given their surname when they enrolled in the first Cane Creek School. It seems Cow Tom did not like their father and would not let them use their paternal family name. So their white teacher McCann or McCain attached the Thompson name.

Black Slaves, Red Masters Part 1  / Black Slaves, Red Masters Part 2

Black Slaves, Red Masters Part 3

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The Gardens of Democracy: A New American Story

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By Eric Liu and Nick Hanauer

American democracy is informed by the 18th century’s most cutting edge thinking on society, economics, and government. We’ve learned some things in the intervening 230 years about self interest, social behaviors, and how the world works. Now, authors Eric Liu and Nick Hanauer argue that some fundamental assumptions about citizenship, society, economics, and government need updating. For many years the dominant metaphor for understanding markets and government has been the machine. Liu and Hanauer view democracy not as a machine, but as a garden. A successful garden functions according to the inexorable tendencies of nature, but it also requires goals, regular tending, and an understanding of connected ecosystems. The latest ideas from science, social science, and economics—the cutting-edge ideas of today—generate these simple but revolutionary ideas: (The economy is not an efficient machine. It’s an effective garden that need tending. Freedom is responsibility. Government should be about the big what and the little how. True self interest is mutual interest.

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Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America

By Melissa V. Harris-Perry

According to the author, this society has historically exerted considerable pressure on black females to fit into one of a handful of stereotypes, primarily, the Mammy, the Matriarch or the Jezebel.  The selfless Mammy’s behavior is marked by a slavish devotion to white folks’ domestic concerns, often at the expense of those of her own family’s needs. By contrast, the relatively-hedonistic Jezebel is a sexually-insatiable temptress. And the Matriarch is generally thought of as an emasculating figure who denigrates black men, ala the characters Sapphire and Aunt Esther on the television shows Amos and Andy and Sanford and Son, respectively.     

Professor Perry points out how the propagation of these harmful myths have served the mainstream culture well. For instance, the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for black females to feel a maternal instinct towards Caucasian babies.

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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Negro Digest / Black World

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery / George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

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update 13 May 2012

 

 

 

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