ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes

   

Home  ChickenBones Store (Books, DVDs, Music, and more)

Google
 

But everything changed when President George Bush became US president. In just four years,

the Bush administration achieved a lot more for peace in Sudan than the Clinton administration

did in eight years, endearing the Southern Sudanese to the Republicans.

 

 

 

Why South Sudan Wants Obama to Lose White House Bid

By Badru Mulumba


 

Juba Sudan

The people of South Sudan take great pride in identifying themselves with Africans, so one would expect them to support Barack Obama, who is vying for the US presidency on a Democratic ticket, because his father was an African. However, that is not the case.

And while many in the US fear that Republican presidential contender John McCain would continue with President George W. Bush's hawkish style, the people of Southern Sudan fully support the Republican contender. "The Democrats did nothing for us," says Juk Langjuk, the editor-in-chief of South Sudan's BusinessWeek. "They were not interested." Even before McCain became the Republican nominee, the southern Sudanese were rooting for him because of his reputation as a fighter. "McCain would be better for us," Dr Loi Cingoth, a columnist with Sudan Tribune, said last December.

As this year's US presidential campaign gets into high gear, South Sudan is going against the general feeling in many African countries, who are extremely excited about the possibility of an Obama victory. The Democrat Party's hands-off approach to Sudan in the 1990s, compared with the pressure the Republican exerted on the regime in the 2000s, has condemned Obama in South Sudan.

It is not that the people of South Sudan hate Obama; they just want the Democrats out of the White House. The truth is, Obama is a victim of the Bill Clinton administration, which the Southern Sudanese feel did not do much to help them. Indeed, the worst phase of Sudan's 21-year civil war, which left 2.5 million dead, took place during the Clinton administration.

And the Southern Sudanese still recall the Juba massacre of 1992, which followed the repulsion of a rebel attack on their capital, when people were picked up and dropped in crocodile infested waters. Some were dropped from military jets to their deaths while others were tortured before being killed at the notorious security headquarters, curiously known the White House.

Granted, the US Secretary of State at the time, Madeleine Albright, held meetings with then Sudan People's Liberation Movement leader, John Garang, and it is partly thanks to her efforts that the US accepted to take in South Sudanese children, who came to be known as the "lost boys".

However, at no time was Khartoum's hold on power under any serious threat from the US as a result of its actions in the south. And that is something the Southern Sudanese will not forget easily. But everything changed when President George Bush became US president. In just four years, the Bush administration achieved a lot more for peace in Sudan than the Clinton administration did in eight years, endearing the Southern Sudanese to the Republicans.

John Danforth, then US ambassador to Sudan, put a great deal of pressure on Khartoum, which forced it to sign a peace agreement with the South. Notably, the treaty gave the South much more than it had sought—and was denied—during a series of peace talks in the 1990s. By June 2004, McCain was already saying that "The UN Security Council should demand that the Sudanese government immediately stop all violence against civilians, disarm and disband its militias, allow full humanitarian access, and let displaced persons return home.

"Should the government refuse to reverse course, its leadership should face multilateral sanctions and visa bans," McCain wrote in an op-ed in the Washington Post. "Peacekeeping troops should be deployed to Darfur to protect civilians and expedite the delivery of humanitarian aid, and we should encourage African, European and Arab countries to contribute to these forces." Then, in October 2004, Obama entered the fray.

"First, the UN Security Council should impose tough sanctions on the Khartoum government immediately," Obama wrote in a statement. "These sanctions should freeze the assets of the Sudanese government, its leaders and business affiliates; outlaw arms sales and transfers to Sudan; and prohibit the purchase of Sudanese oil. The United States must make this a high priority in our relations with other governments on the Security Council."

According to McCain, the priority issues were sanctions and visa bans targeting leaders and UN peacekeepers, while Obama stressed sanctions against government leaders and businesses, disrupting arms purchases and oil sales, with peacekeepers getting a mention much further down the statement.

A comparison between these two statements—four years before the two senators would run for President— has Obama coming across as a man who believes in disrupting trade to force a regime to toe the line. Not so McCain, whose wife, Cindy, had interests in companies operating in Sudan even as he spoke out on the need for sanctions.

Obama put military force in Darfur as priority three—after business has been disrupted and humanitarian aid taken to the people, while McCain put it first.

Sanctions, in which Obama believes so strongly, did not work then, as did military might, which is McCain's preferred course of action. Even though the use of military might messed up Iraq, the threat of military force helped South Sudan achieve a viable peace agreement.

But that is not to say that Obama's foreign policy is doomed in Sudan.Whichever one of them becomes the next US president, he will find a world that's greatly different from the one in which Clinton or Bush ruled. The first challenge for the next US President who handles Sudan—or any other conflict—is the image of the country.

Next president

The next American president will find a US whose say in the UN is diminished; whose friends are seething at having been bullied into war; where there are other emerging centres of global power, such as a new Europe that's increasingly independent of the US; and an economically successful China. The second challenge is Sudan itself. The next American president will find a Sudan that is markedly different from that of the 1990s or the early 2000s, thanks to the discovery of oil.

The availability of oil in Sudan would complicate the issue of sanctions. Sudan's oil industry came of age at the end of the last decade, when oil production surpassed local consumption, at an estimated 20,000-30,000 barrels per day. The country approaches the end of this decade producing half a million barrels a day at four times the 1999 world prices. With countries like China now dealing with Sudan, the continued absence of the US only reduced American influence on the country.

And the possible discovery of oil in Darfur would increase, not lower, Sudan's growing influence. The well-intentioned Sudan Divestment campaign, which has brought Darfur to the fore of US debate, spells doom for future US influence on the country. This complicated picture, coupled with dwindling US power, means that the US must seek some kind of diplomacy with Sudan.

Source: The Nation (Nairobi), 3 June 2008

Badru Mulumba Jr. was born in Jinja, formerly the industrial center of eastern and central Africa, once famous for bubbling multiculturalism, confounding quiet and conspicuous greenery, and where the River Nile starts its journey to the Mediterranean. Mulumba is currently the Southern Sudan Correspondent for the Nation Media Group, a Consulting Editor for a daily newspaper, and a Stringer for IRIN and AFP. In addition, he belongs to various alumni communities, including the Graduate School of Journalism at Columbia University in the City of New York, Africa Center for Strategic Studies (Uganda Chapter), International House, Institute for Humane Studies, U.S. International Visitors’ Program, Uganda Habitat for Humanity and the World Bank Institute. badru.mulumba@gmail.com

posted 15 June 2008 

*   *   *   *   *

Responses

THE ARGUMENT HERE MAKES LITTLE SENSE. THE AUTHOR IS THINKING TRIBALLY. AMERICA'S POLITICAL PARTIES ARE NOT TRIBES.—Mackie
 
Maybe you are right. But I don't think so, entirely. The author is a journalist. The leaders in South Sudan are thinking regionally and they are thinking anti-Khartoum and anti-Arab and anti-Islam, and pro-Israel. There are more complexities involved than you allow. And the South Sudan leaders might be rather naive about American politics. Some believe nevertheless there is a need to enlist the help of African Americans in their efforts to break away from the militarily oppressive Khartoum government.—Rudy

*   *   *   *   *

Dear Rudy, I am actually in Southern Sudan. Have been for about two years. . . . One would be surprised if you interviewed ordinary people here about what happened, including how the evangelicals, in fact, tried to supply arms and were only disrupted by their government. And I am not thinking tribally, because I don't belong to any of the tribes here, which allows me to look at issues in a more global sense.—Badru

*   *   *   *   *

Rudy, Unfortunately his story posted on your website needs to be taken seriously. I see Badru daily. He is with The Citizen, published in Juba and Khartoum. I have a daily column in The Citizen on Pan-Africanism, called 'From the Borderlands'. He mentions Loi in his piece. Loi is a medical Doctor in Juba, who has a daily column in the Sudan Tribune, published in Khartoum Which is  widely read in Sudan, if slightly conservative.—Bankie 

*   *   *   *   *

AALBC.com's 25 Best Selling Books


 

Fiction

#1 - Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark
#2 - Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree
#3 - Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane
#4 - Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper
#5 - Stackin' Paper 2 Genesis' Payback by Joy King
#6 - Thug Lovin' (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark
#7 - When I Get Where I'm Going by Cheryl Robinson
#8 - Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby
#9 - The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane

#10 - Covenant: A Thriller  by Brandon Massey

#11 - Diary Of A Street Diva  by Ashley and JaQuavis

#12 - Don't Ever Tell  by Brandon Massey

#13 - For colored girls who have considered suicide  by Ntozake Shange

#14 - For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree

#15 - Homemade Loves  by J. California Cooper

#16 - The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper

#17 - Player Haters by Carl Weber

#18 - Purple Panties: An Eroticanoir.com Anthology by Sidney Molare

#19 - Stackin' Paper by Joy King

#20 - Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

#21 - The Upper Room by Mary Monroe

#22 – Thug Matrimony  by Wahida Clark

#23 - Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

#24 - Married Men by Carl Weber

#25 - I Dreamt I Was in Heaven - The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter

Non-fiction

#1 - Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable
#2 - Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans
#3 - Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane
#4 - Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper
#5 - Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You're Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant
#6 - Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey
#7 - The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight
#8 - The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing
#9 - The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson

#10 - John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History  by Ahati N. N. Toure

#11 - Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley

#12 -The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

#13 - The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

#14 - The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

#15 - Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can't Commit  by RM Johnson

#16 - Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins

#17 - Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell

#18 - A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life's Purpose by Eckhart Tolle

#19 - John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 - Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

#21 - Age Ain't Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice

#22 - 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino
#23 - Chicken Soup for the Prisoner's Soul by Tom Lagana
#24 - 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

#25 - Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class  by Lisa B. Thompson

*   *   *   *   *

1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created

By Charles C. Mann

I’m a big fan of Charles Mann’s previous book 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, in which he provides a sweeping and provocative examination of North and South America prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus. It’s exhaustively researched but so wonderfully written that it’s anything but exhausting to read. With his follow-up, 1493, Mann has taken it to a new, truly global level. Building on the groundbreaking work of Alfred Crosby (author of The Columbian Exchange and, I’m proud to say, a fellow Nantucketer), Mann has written nothing less than the story of our world: how a planet of what were once several autonomous continents is quickly becoming a single, “globalized” entity.

Mann not only talked to countless scientists and researchers; he visited the places he writes about, and as a consequence, the book has a marvelously wide-ranging yet personal feel as we follow Mann from one far-flung corner of the world to the next. And always, the prose is masterful. In telling the improbable story of how Spanish and Chinese cultures collided in the Philippines in the sixteenth century, he takes us to the island of Mindoro whose “southern coast consists of a number of small bays, one next to another like tooth marks in an apple.” We learn how the spread of malaria, the potato, tobacco, guano, rubber plants, and sugar cane have disrupted and convulsed the planet and will continue to do so until we are finally living on one integrated or at least close-to-integrated Earth. Whether or not the human instigators of all this remarkable change will survive the process they helped to initiate more than five hundred years ago remains, Mann suggests in this monumental and revelatory book, an open question.

*   *   *   *   *

Ratification

The People Debate the Constitution, 1787-1788

By Pauline Maier

A notable historian of the early republic, Maier devoted a decade to studying the immense documentation of the ratification of the Constitution. Scholars might approach her book’s footnotes first, but history fans who delve into her narrative will meet delegates to the state conventions whom most history books, absorbed with the Founders, have relegated to obscurity. Yet, prominent in their local counties and towns, they influenced a convention’s decision to accept or reject the Constitution. Their biographies and democratic credentials emerge in Maier’s accounts of their elections to a convention, the political attitudes they carried to the conclave, and their declamations from the floor. The latter expressed opponents’ objections to provisions of the Constitution, some of which seem anachronistic (election regulation raised hackles) and some of which are thoroughly contemporary (the power to tax individuals directly). Ripostes from proponents, the Federalists, animate the great detail Maier provides, as does her recounting how one state convention’s verdict affected another’s. Displaying the grudging grassroots blessing the Constitution originally received, Maier eruditely yet accessibly revives a neglected but critical passage in American history.—Booklist

*   *   *   *   *

The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

*   *   *   *   *

Ancient African Nations

*   *   *   *   *

If you like this page consider making a donation

online through PayPal

*   *   *   *   *

Negro Digest / Black World

Browse all issues


1950        1960        1965        1970        1975        1980        1985        1990        1995        2000 ____ 2005        

Enjoy!

*   *   *   *   *

The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery / George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

*   *   *   *   *

The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

*   *   *   *   *

*   *   *   *   *

ChickenBones Store (Books, DVDs, Music, and more)

 

 

 

 

 

update 25 February 2012

 

 

 

Home Nuba-Darfur-South Sudan Table Transitional Writings on Africa   Obama 2008 Table  Glen Ford Table

Related files:  Modern Chinese Tanks for the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF)   Deng and Alek: Lovers Paradise Lost