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Citizens of Sussex . . . were divided between the two political

factions that had come into being—the one led by Alexander

Hamilton, who believed in strong centralized government and

 the rule of the few; and the other led by Thomas Jefferson, who advocated local self-government and the rule of the people.



Sussex County: A Tale of Three Centuries

Compiled by Workers of the Writers’ Program of the Work Projects Administration  

in the State of Virginia. Illustrated. American Guide Series.

Sponsored by The Sussex County School Board.

Talmage D. Foster, Superintendent. 1942.



Sussex  Census in the United States (Chapter 3?)

On April 30, 1789 George Washington became the first president of the United States. The next year definite statistics were made available for the first time through the taking of a national census (59).

 The population of Sussex was found to include 10,554 persons, of whom 5,387 were slaves, 391 were free Negroes, and 4,771 were whites. A list of tithables compiled eight years before showed 101 persons in the county as owning ten or more slaves. William Allen, with 241 slaves, was apparently the most affluent landholder in the county. Though living at Claremont in Surry on an estate an ancestor had patented in 1649, he had plantations in James city, New Kent, Sussex, Nansemond, and Southampton. It will be seen from the list below that William Lightfoot owned the second largest number of slaves, which was a trifling 79 compared with William Allen’s 241. the two figures reflect the concentration of Tidewater wealth, for William Allen’s second wife was the daughter of William Lightfoot, whose home was not in Sussex but in York (60).

Sussex Slaveholders

Adkins, Lucy                                            48 Adkins, Thomas                                        17
Allen, William                                         241 Andrews, Richard                                     18
Bailey, James                                           10 Barham, Wm                                            13
Belsches, Alexander                                 30 Belsches, Hugh                                         40
Berryman, John                                        11 Biggins, Sarah                                           11
Blow, Col. Richard                                   20 Blunt, Wm                                                35
Briggs, Nathaniel                                      11 Chambliss, James                                      20
Chappell, Howell                                     14 Chappell, James                                        11
Chappell, John                                         16 Chappell, Mary                                         12
Claiborne, Augustine                                31 Claiborne, William                                     35
Clemons, Thomas                                     36

Cocks, John                                              12

Cook, Richard                                         10 Dunn, Lewis                                              16
Dunn, Nathaniel                                        20 Dunn, William, Jr.                                      41
Gilliam, Charles                                        20 Grizzard, Lucy                                          13
Hall, Willis                                               13 Harrison, William                                      34
Harwell, Richard                                      23 Harwell, Sterling                                       14
Hill, Green                                               25 Hill, Margaret                                           31
Hill, Thomas                                            25 Hines, Hartwell                                         12
Hines, Sarah                                            11 Hunnicut, Pleasants                                   23
Irby, John                                                 25 Ivey, Hugh                                                11
Jarrate, Henry                                          13 Jones, David                                             15
Jones, James B                                         16 Jones, Peter                                              15
Jones, Rebecca                                        14 Kerr, George                                            15
Knight, John, Sr.                                      12 Lamb, John                                               10
Lanier, Benjamin                                      27 Lightfoot, William                                      79
Maggot, Samuel                                       11 Malone, John                                            13
Mangum, Samuel                                      11 Marrable, Hartrode                                   17
Mason, Capt. David                                 10 Mason, Col. David                                    38
Mason, John                                            18 Mason, John                                             12
Mason, Capt. Jno                                     10 Mason, John Jr.                                        36
Mason, John, Jr.                                       13 Mason, Thomas                                        18
Mason, Littleberry                                    17 Massenburg, Jno                                       16
Meachan, Banks                                      12 Mitchell, Scott                                           11
Mitchell, Thomas                                      13 Moss, Samuel                                           10
Myrick, Wm                                            29 Nichols, Harris                                          19
Nicholson, John                                       14 Nicholson, Wm                                         14
Oliver, William                                         14 Ozburn, Nicholas                                      14
Parham, Eliza                                           19 Parham, Stith                                            12
Parham, Stith, Sr.                                    30 Parker, Mary                                            14
Parker, Richard                                        22 Peete, Thomas                                          23
Pittway, Robert                                        29 Poythress, Peter (Est)                               16
Randall, Peter, Jr.                                     10 Richardson, Wm                                       27
Roberts, Benja                                         15 Robinson, James                                       24
Rives, Elizabeth                                        17 Rives, George                                          43 
Rives, Timothy                                         21 Saunders, Thomas                                    11
Sands, Jno                                               12 Seat, Robert                                             11
Smith, Drury                                             11 Smith, Isham                                            16
Smith, Lawrence                                      17 Spratley, Wm                                           15
Stewart, Richard                                      24 Sturdivant, Henry                                      12
Sturdivant, Hollorn                                   13 Sturdivant, Rachel                                     16
Sturdivant, Wm., Sr.                                15 Thorp, Lewis                                            17
Tillar, Major                                            11 Tomlinson, Thomas                                   19
Tucker, Robert                                        12 Tyler, Wm                                                15
Vaughn, Thos., Jr.                                    17 Vaughn, Tho., Sr.                                     12
Walpole, Thos                                         30 Weaver, Henry                                         11
Winfield, Jno                                            12 Winfield, Peter                                          10
Winfield, Robert                                       14 Woodland, Wm                                        11
Worthington, Priscilla                                12 Wyche, Mary                                            14

pp. 60-61

Virginians, moreover, were increasingly interested in national affairs—what with their own George Washington serving as President of the United States and Thomas Jefferson in the cabinet as Secretary of State. Citizens of Sussex, as elsewhere throughout the country, were divided between the two political factions that had come into being—the one led by Alexander Hamilton, who believed in strong centralized government and the rule of the few; and the other led by Thomas Jefferson, who advocated local self-government and the rule of the people. Soon two great parties received their names: the Federalists, fathered by Hamilton; and the Republicans—later democrats—fathered by Jefferson (61-62). . . .

*   *   *   *   *'s 25 Best Selling Books



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#6 - Thug Lovin' (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark
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#23 - Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

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#13 - The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

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Greenback Planet: How the Dollar Conquered

the World and Threatened Civilization as We Know It

By H. W. Brands

In Greenback Planet, acclaimed historian H. W. Brands charts the dollar's astonishing rise to become the world's principal currency. Telling the story with the verve of a novelist, he recounts key episodes in U.S. monetary history, from the Civil War debate over fiat money (greenbacks) to the recent worldwide financial crisis. Brands explores the dollar's changing relations to gold and silver and to other currencies and cogently explains how America's economic might made the dollar the fundamental standard of value in world finance. He vividly describes the 1869 Black Friday attempt to corner the gold market, banker J. P. Morgan's bailout of the U.S. treasury, the creation of the Federal Reserve, and President Franklin Roosevelt's handling of the bank panic of 1933. Brands shows how lessons learned (and not learned) in the Great Depression have influenced subsequent U.S. monetary policy, and how the dollar's dominance helped transform economies in countries ranging from Germany and Japan after World War II to Russia and China today.

*   *   *   *   *

Sex at the Margins

Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry

By Laura María Agustín

This book explodes several myths: that selling sex is completely different from any other kind of work, that migrants who sell sex are passive victims and that the multitude of people out to save them are without self-interest. Laura Agustín makes a passionate case against these stereotypes, arguing that the label 'trafficked' does not accurately describe migrants' lives and that the 'rescue industry' serves to disempower them. Based on extensive research amongst both migrants who sell sex and social helpers, Sex at the Margins provides a radically different analysis. Frequently, says Agustin, migrants make rational choices to travel and work in the sex industry, and although they are treated like a marginalised group they form part of the dynamic global economy. Both powerful and controversial, this book is essential reading for all those who want to understand the increasingly important relationship between sex markets, migration and the desire for social justice.

*   *   *   *   *

Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America

By Melissa V. Harris-Perry

According to the author, this society has historically exerted considerable pressure on black females to fit into one of a handful of stereotypes, primarily, the Mammy, the Matriarch or the Jezebel.  The selfless Mammy’s behavior is marked by a slavish devotion to white folks’ domestic concerns, often at the expense of those of her own family’s needs. By contrast, the relatively-hedonistic Jezebel is a sexually-insatiable temptress. And the Matriarch is generally thought of as an emasculating figure who denigrates black men, ala the characters Sapphire and Aunt Esther on the television shows Amos and Andy and Sanford and Son, respectively.     

Professor Perry points out how the propagation of these harmful myths have served the mainstream culture well. For instance, the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for black females to feel a maternal instinct towards Caucasian babies.

As for the source of the Jezebel, black women had no control over their own bodies during slavery given that they were being auctioned off and bred to maximize profits. Nonetheless, it was in the interest of plantation owners to propagate the lie that sisters were sluts inclined to mate indiscriminately

*   *   *   *   *

Blacks in Hispanic Literature: Critical Essays

Edited by Miriam DeCosta-Willis 

Blacks in Hispanic Literature is a collection of fourteen essays by scholars and creative writers from Africa and the Americas. Called one of two significant critical works on Afro-Hispanic literature to appear in the late 1970s, it includes the pioneering studies of Carter G. Woodson and Valaurez B. Spratlin, published in the 1930s, as well as the essays of scholars whose interpretations were shaped by the Black aesthetic. The early essays, primarily of the Black-as-subject in Spanish medieval and Golden Age literature, provide an historical context for understanding 20th-century creative works by African-descended, Hispanophone writers, such as Cuban Nicolás Guillén and Ecuadorean poet, novelist, and scholar Adalberto Ortiz, whose essay analyzes the significance of Negritude in Latin America.

This collaborative text set the tone for later conferences in which writers and scholars worked together to promote, disseminate, and critique the literature of Spanish-speaking people of African descent. . . . Cited by a literary critic in 2004 as "the seminal study in the field of Afro-Hispanic Literature . . . on which most scholars in the field 'cut their teeth'."

*   *   *   *   *

How Europe Underdeveloped Africa

By Walter Rodney

The late Guyanese writer, Walter Rodney had left us his great insights regarding the reasons for the underdevelopment of the African continent. His work finds equal footing with those of Frantz Fanon and to an extent that of the late Brazilian author and social activist, Paulo Freire in attempting to provide a critical insight, and a gainful analysis to the situation and reasons for the poverty on the African continent. This analysis, whether one agrees with its conclusions or not provides a means towards looking at the stalk realities of African underdevelopment. Rodney thesis that the trans-atlantic slave trade diminished the African manpower to attain development cannot be easily pushed under the carpet. Development is how a people within the means available to them, within their eco-context utilize their knowledge for the good of the totality. When their people is afflicted with disease or mass uprooting there is bound to be both biological and social ripple effects that would affect both the pace and nature of development. It is here that we realize that Rodney's proposition underlines a crucial factor in explaining the reasons for the African state.

*   *   *   *   *

Karma’s Footsteps

By Mariahadessa Ekere Tallie

Somebody has to tell the truth sometime, whatever that truth may be. In this, her début full collection, Mariahadessa Ekere Tallie offers up a body of work that bears its scars proudly, firm in the knowledge that each is evidence of a wound survived. These are songs of life in all its violent difficulty and beauty; songs of fury, songs of love. 'Karma's Footsteps' brims with things that must be said and turns the volume up, loud, giving silence its last rites. "Ekere Tallie's new work 'Karma's Footsteps' is as fierce with fight songs as it is with love songs. Searing with truths from the modern day world she is unafraid of the twelve foot waves that such honesties always manifest. A poet who "refuses to tiptoe" she enters and exits the page sometimes with short concise imagery, sometimes in the arms of delicate memoir. Her words pull the forgotten among us back into the lightning of our eyes.—Nikky Finney /  Ekere Tallie Table

*   *   *   *   *

The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

*   *   *   *   *

Ancient African Nations

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery / George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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update 5 September 2012




Home Fifty Influential Figures  The Old South  The Education of Black Folks in the South: 1860-1935

Related files: Sussex County: A Tale of Three Centuries / Public Education in Sussex County / The Official History of Jerusalem Baptist Church 

Fraternal Lodges Developing & Expanding the Village  Stith-Mason Family Reunion  / Rainbow Tea at Jerusalem  50 Years of Progress Since Brown 

Commonwealth of Virginia Expresses  Profound Regret  / Virginia Prohibits the Teaching of Slaves