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Transitional Writings on Africa

Writers Speak on a Changing World



Books on Africa and Africans

The World and Africa  / Things Fall Apart  / Mandela’s Way / Leadership without a Moral Purpose  / Who Fears Death

Hottentot Venus: A Novel / Incognegro: A Memoir of Exile and Apartheid  / Dreams of Africa in Alabama  /  Diary of a Lost Girl

Exporting American Dreams: Thurgood Marshall's African Journey  / Darfur: a short history of a long war  / The Land Question in South Africa

The Autobiography of an Unknown South African  / Chinua Achebe: The Man and His Works  /  Becoming Ebony

The Osu Caste Discrimination in Igboland  / Lumumba Speaks: Speeches and Writings, 1958-1961 / Before the Palm Could Bloom 

 A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier  /  Amy Ashwood Garvey: Pan Africanist  Feminist  / The Prophet of Zongo Street

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For hundreds of years on this island, peoples of different continents met in fear and cruelty. Today we gather in respect and friendship, mindful of past wrongs and dedicated to the advance of human liberty. At this place, liberty and life were stolen and sold. Human beings were delivered and sorted, and weighed and branded with the marks of commercial enterprises and loaded as cargo on a voyage without return. One of the largest migrations of history was also one of the greatest crimes of history. Below the decks, the middle passage was a hot, narrow, sunless nightmare; weeks and months of confinement and abuse and confusion on a strange and lonely sea.


Some refused to eat, preferring death to any future their captors might prepare for them. Some who were sick were thrown over the side. Some rose up in violent rebellion, delivering the closest thing to justice on a slave ship. Many acts of defiance and bravery are recorded. Countless others we will never know. Those who lived to see land again were displayed, examined and sold at auctions across nations in the Western Hemisphere. They entered society indifferent to their anguish and made prosperous by their unpaid labor. There was a time in my country's history where one in every seven human beings was the property of another.

In law they were regarded only as articles of commerce, having no right to travel or to marry or to own possessions. Because families were often separated, many were denied even the comfort of suffering together.

For 250 years the captives endured an assault on their culture and their dignity. The spirit of Africans in America did not break.George Bush, Goree Island (8 July 2003)


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For the young English teacher, even the choice of the language he was writing in was a political act. In 1968, the local dialect Chichewa was declared Malawi's national language. "Banda tried to establish this thing like the French Academy, choosing which words were in and which were out, but he had mostly everything out, and there wasn't very much in," Mapanje laughs. "So as a result, it was not creative." Mapanje and his colleagues in the writers' group founded just a year later didn't want any part in the promotion of Chichewa, and so "adopted English as a result of that".

It was as part of the writers' group, along with poets such as Felix Mnthali, Steve Chimombo and Frank Chipasula, that he began exploring the rich oral traditions that are so characteristic of his work. The group sought to move beyond the work of Wole Soyinka, Chinua Achebe and Ngugi wa Thiong'o: "One of the things that made us slightly more original was that we studied African oral literature more seriously." This oral tradition characterises what Mapanje calls an "African" mode of communication, based on the telling and re-telling of stories.Interview with Jack Mapanje, Books Guardian

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A writer should be like a tortoise, always carrying along its home or protective shell wherever it goes. If the African Diaspora will accept reciprocal relations with the continent across the Atlantic, as in the example of Aime Cesaire, then there is no cause to fear this migratory export of our continent’s literature. The important issues for me are: How relevant are these movements to the realities of the masses on either side? Is the discourse still African in content and message? Have the egalitarian concerns of continental African writing become drowned by its close migratory proximity to the elitist perceptions of metropolitan literature? Indeed does the African writer still remain the conscience of his/her people even if he/she becomes an exile of sorts? These to me are the real challenges – the need to sustain the vibrant voices of our writings and remain connected to the aspirations of our people. Remember Ali Mazrui used to say we have suffered from many years of colonial penetration. This may be time for Europe and America to get their own dose of African counter-penetration. – a feat our politicians have failed to perform but which committed African writing can.George Ngwane, Cameroonian Literature in Transition.  African Writing

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The position of the ANC government in South Africa vis à vis the situation in Darfur is utterly disappointing. Providing unconditional political and diplomatic support to the government of Sudan in its attempts to cover up the crimes it has willfully committed in Darfur amounts to certain complicity. More so, efforts of the government of South Africa to abort robust regional and international plans to protect the defenceless civilian population in Darfur betray the ideals of justice, human dignity, equality, liberty and peaceful coexistence for which the South African masses fought a heroic rebellion against the racist apartheid regime.

Because of such glorious history of that nation, the position of the ANC government in South Africa in support of GoS in the crimes it continues to commit in Darfur disturbs the victims of this tragedy more than the position of China, Egypt, Algeria, Russia or other friends of Sudan. External observers too could easily say that even if Africans don’t give a hang about African victims of the Darfur tragedy why should the rest of the world care?Abdelbagi Jibril

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Racism: A History, the 2007 BBC 3-part documentary explores the impact of racism on a global scale. It was part of the season of programs on the BBC marking the 200th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. It's divided into 3 parts.

The first, The Colour of Money . . . Racism: A History [2007]—1/3

Begins the series by assessing the implications of the relationship between Europe, Africa and the Americas in the 15th century. It considers how racist ideas and practices developed in key religious and secular institutions, and how they showed up in writings by European philosophers Aristotle and Immanuel Kant.

The second, Fatal Impact . . . Racism: A History [2007] - 2/3

Examines the idea of scientific racism, an ideology invented during the 19th century that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology and provided an ideological justification for racism and slavery. The episode shows how these theories ultimately led to eugenics and Nazi racial policies of the master race.

And the 3rd, A Savage Legacy . . .  Racism: A History [2007] - 3/3

Examines the impact of racism in the 20th century. By 1900 European colonial expansion had reached deep into the heart of Africa. Under the rule of King Leopold II, the Belgian Congo was turned into a vast rubber plantation. Men, women and children who failed to gather their latex quotas would have their limbs dismembered. The country became the scene of one of the century's greatest racial genocides, as an estimated 10 million Africans perished under colonial rule.

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Abdelbagi Jibril

     South Africa and Darfur -- Fact Sheet

Adeyinka Makinde

     Book Reviews

     Dick Tiger: The Life and Times of a Boxing Immortal


African Retentions

Ahmadou Kourouma

     Waiting for the Vote of the Wild Animals  

Akoli Penoukou

     The Ancestors Are Not Really Dead 

     How can we trust them

     Into His Arms

     Love One Another

     On Learning of Walter Rodney's Death

     Out of the Clouds

Alinnnor Arinze

    Chinese Invasion of Nigeria

Amilcar Cabral

     Amilcar Cabral Bio

     Cabral Bio-Sketch   

     The Cabral Quotable   


     Murder of Amilcar Cabral 


      Deng and Alek

Arthur Edgar E. Smith  

      Black Consciousness Poet--Claude McKay

     Female Characters in Camara Laye

     John Pepper Clark's Raft Running Adrift  

     The Life and Times of Black Poet Claude McKay

      Literary Arts in Sierra Leone

     Wole Soyina Kongi's Harvest


Ayi Kwei Armah


Bakari Akil

     Tears of the Sun

Bankie Bankie

     Discussion of Arab Racism in Africa   

     Lessons and Warnings from South Sudan

     Pan-African Nationalist Thought and Practice

     South Sudan in Sudan-Situation Analysis 

Bantu Stephen Biko: A Profile

Ben Schwartz


     Glory Days – Sahara Nights 

     Letters on Africa

     Notes to a Diabetic


Betty Wamalwa Muragori


      An African Out in the World

       Blue Eyed Dolls in Africa

      Dangerous Abroad

      How I Became a Marxist

      Mind Games and Other Poems

      Queen Africa (and other poems)

        Say My Name

      The Seasons of My City


B.F. Bankie


      Pan African Nationalist Thought

     South Sudan in Sudan-Situation Analysis


Bill Fletcher, Jr.


     Trans Africa on Mugabe


Binyavanga Wainaina


     Banning Chinua Achebe in Kenya 

     Introduction I Write What I Like 



Bisi Adjapon


     The Funny Side of Racism

     Staying in Touch with Ghana  


Bruce Dixon


     Andy Young, Obasanjo Kin, &  Russell Simmons Announce



     Black Africa's duty to help Zimbabwe defeat sanctions

     Black Enslavement: Arab and European Compared

     Letter from Chinweizu

     Racism: Arab and European Compared

      Reparations and the Pan-African War on Genocide

      Reparations for Darfur: A Resolution 

       USAfrica: A Mortal Danger for Black Africans


Chioma Oruh


     Remembering Biafra: A Literary Review


Chizoma Osuagwu

     A Rejoinder To: Black Brothers And Their White Chics


Cliff Chandler

     In Search Of Our Culture (narrative of African trip)

Danille K. Taylor

     What Does It Mean to Be Black in the 21st Century (narrative of African trip)

     Reflections on Senegal and Australia

David Morse

     Blood, Ink, and Oil

    Can Georgia Do Right

    Clinton and Obama on Darfur

    Morse Book Reviews

    What Can We Learn from Darfur?

E.  Ablorh-Odjidja

     A Critique of the book Out of America 

     Disadvantaged by race, set back by language 

     The Joseph Principle Enacted

Edward Brathwaite

     the visibility trigger/a poem for kwame nkrumah

Ekenyerengozi Michael Chima

     Zimbabwe: In The House of Stone

Elisa von Joeden-Forgey 

 Thinkable Genocide: the Tragedy of Rwanda

Ellen Dunbar

     My Grandma Rocks the Cradle and Rules the World

Ellen Tarry

     Mr. Randolph Visits Ghana

Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh

     Explaining the African Predicament

     The Inauguration of Illegitimacy

     Libya and the Brutality of Nations

     Nigeria A Failed State

     The Real Trouble with Zimbabwe

     Roguery, Incorporated

     Scaffolds of Primitive Corruption

    Thieves in the Nigerian Senate   

Folasayo Dele-Ogunrinde

     Equality in African Relationships

Frantz Fanon (1925–1961)

       Black World and Fanon (1973)

     The Fact of Blackness (1952)

Fubara David-West

     Reflections on Bush's NBC Interview

Gerald A. Perreira

Coalition of Crusaders Join with al Qaeda

Libya Getting It Right

Glen Ford

     U.S.-Ethiopian Occupation of Somalia

Gloria Chuku

     Igbos in Virginia

Godspower Oboido

     God's Visit to Nigeria


Grada Kilomba

     The Mask: Remembering Slavery, Understanding Trauma

Gunnar Myrdal

     Negro History and Culture 

Hakeem Babalola

    African Hungarian Union

      Etteh's House of Area Boys

     Gaddafi: A System of His Own

      Gambian Godfather

    Libya: The Return of Colonialist Bondage

     Life as African HungarianKlara Bassey 

     Living with Immigration Torture 

     Nigerians Blood on their Hands

     A Nightclub Forbidden to African 

     The Second Slavery Ship

     They Make Me Hate My Type

Henny H. Seibeb, Bernadus C. Swartbooi and T. Elijah Ngurare

Pan Afrikanism in Present Day Namibia

Irene Monroe  Irene Monroe  Table

     Oprah's Good Intentions

Ishmael Beah

     A Long Way Gone Memoirs of a Boy Soldier

Issaka K. Souare

     Interview with Issaka K. Souare

Jacob H. Carruthers

    The Passing of Jacob H Carruthers

Jane Musoke-Nteyafas

     African American Writers: Meet Rudolph Lewis

      African Musicians Meet Jay Lou Ava 


    Enough with the Poisonous Lyrics


     Kiini Ibura Salaam Tells All from Mexico 



     Where Is the Love of All Things African? 

     Women’s Role in Hip Hop

Jean Y.T. Lukaz 

     Dark Tourism in Ghana: The Joseph Project

Jennifer McGill

     A Seminarian’s Religious Journey to Ghana  (narrative of African trip)

Jerhretta Dafina Suite

     I Am Memory  (narrative of African trip)

John Henrik Clarke 

      The Global Perspective of John Henrik Clarke

     PanAfrican Nationalism in the Americas

     Portrait of a Liberation Scholar

Julius Kambarage Nyerere

    Julius K. Nyerere Bio 

     Ujamaa By Junious  Nyerere

Jumoke Verissimo

     A note from my neighbourhood 

     Skirting around dustbin dreams

Kalamu ya Salaam

    Criticisms of the Disapora 

     The Forts and Castles of Ghana  (narrative of African trip)

      Foreign Exchange  (narrative of African trip)

     Haile Gerima in Ghana

     Once You've Been There    (narrative of African trip)

     Tarzan Can Not Return to Africa (A-B-C-D)  

     Tarzan Can Not Return to Africa   (E-F-G-H)

     Tarzan Can Not Return to Africa  (I-J-K-L)  

     Tarzan Can Not Return to Africa   (M-N-O-P-Q-R)   

     Tarzan Can Not Return to Africa (S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z)

     What's Your Name?  (narrative of African trip)

     The Whole of Ourselves   (narrative of African trip)

Kate Nkansa

     Time for Africans to Explore African

Keith Jennings

Sham Elections in Kenya

K.L. Barron

     Nomads of Niger

Kola Boof

     Bible Killers of Sudan 


     Black Americans Campaign  

     Boof Banned in Anacostia 

     Boof Dismissed as Star 

     Boof Surrenders  

     Christmas on the Nile 

     Every Little Bit Hurts 

     Gone Dry 

     Kola Boof Fraud 

     My Master, My Husband  

     SUDAN: Purple Eye   

     To Be Invisible 


Kwame Nkrumah

     Osagyefo on African Renaissance

     Responsibility of a Pan-African Socialist 


Lamin Sanneh


     Abolitionists Abroad


Larry Ukali Johnson-Redd

     Remembering Chinwe & Teaching in Nigeria  (narrative of African trip)


Lewis Nkosi


Home and Exile


Lil Joe


     Zimbabwe Crisis


Louis Reyes Rivera  Louis Reyes Rivera Table


     Creating an Africana Canon


Lloyd D. McCarthy


“White” Cloud Storms Africa


Madge Dresser


     The Atlantic Slave Trade


Mahmood Mamdani


     When Victims Become Killers 


Margaret Kimberley


     Oprah and Bad Samaritans


Mariahadessa Ekere Tallie


     Pieces of a Dream


Marvin X  Marvin X


     Africa or America: The Emphasis in Black Studies Programs


Masauko Chipembere


     A Hip Hop Clothing Store   

     Historical Context for Hip Hop Store in Malawi


Maulana Karenga


     Kwanzaa and the Seven Principles 


Maurine Otor


     Poems for Peace in Kenya

     Poems of Love and Pain


Mfanelo Skwatsha


South African Oppression and Poverty


Milton Allimadi

     The Hearts of Darkness

     Inventing Africa: New York Times

     Times Concocted 'Darkest Africa' 

Miriam Decosta-Willis

     Miriam in Ghana 

     Pilgrimage  to Ghana

Mpumelelo Toyise

     Ban Firearms in South Africa


Mohammed Naseehu Ali


     The Prophet of Zongo Street


Mukoma wa Ngugi

A Glimpse into African Consciousness

Justice for Mau Mau War Veterans


Mwatabu S. Okantah


     Griot Tradition in the Americas


Naboth Mokgatle


     Christian Missionaries in Phokeng  

     Unknown South African Reviews

Natasha Gerson (Holland)


     Richard Wright's Seven Photos 


Nnedi Okorafor Interview


Ng'ethe Githinji


     I  Am Not Superman #1

     Twenty Short Stories of Love 


Niyi Juliad


     Osundare's Universe of Burdens 

       The Poet's Pen & Other Poems 


Niyi Osundare


     Dear President Obasanjo: Another Letter

     Niyi Osundare At 60 (Ugochukwu

     Niyi Niyi Osundare (poem)  by Lee Meitzen Grue)

      Osundare's Universe of Burdens 

     PraiseSong for Niyi Osundare  (Mona Lisa Saloy)

Norman Otis Richmond

     Remembering Ahmed Sekou Touré as Guinea Turns 50


Onyeka Nwelue

     Interview with Onyeka Nwelue

     Men in Suit? Give ’Em A Chance    

     Onyeka Nwelue Interviews Jude Dibia  

     The Train Journey (short story) 

     A Tree Was Once an Embryo

Patrice Lumumba


     Independence Day Speech (Lumumba, June 30, 1960)

     Letter to Pauline Lumumba 

     Lumumba: A Biography  (Robin McKown)


Patricia Jabbeh Wesley


Patrick Bond


     African Workers and Scholars Unite


Paul Odili


     My plans to satisfy Nigerians Ojukwu


Peter Eric Adotey Addo

     The African Queen   

     Books by Peter Addo

     For Kwame Nkrumah

     Ghana - A Year Ago 

     How a Black African Views His American Black Brothers 

     Origins Of African American Spiritualism

Peter H. Abrahams

     Abrahams Bio to 1957 

     Kwame Nkrumah, Kenyatta, and the Old Order  

Phillis Wheatley

     On Being Brought from Africa to America


Richard Drayton

     The Wealth of the West Was Built on Africa's Exploitation

Robert Mugabe

UN Speech

Roi Ottley

     God Save His Majesty's Blacks  

Romare Bearden

     About Romare Bearden

    The Negro Artist and Modern Art

Rose Ure Mezu  Rose Ure Mezu Index 

     Africana Women Their Historic Past and Future Activism

     The Fourth World Multiculturalism as Antidote to Global Violence

     A History of Africana Women's Literature

     Introduction: A Continuum of Black Women's Activism   

     Of National and Racial Archetypes


Rudolph Lewis

    The Adventures ofBlack Girl in Her Search for God 

     I, Momolu or Liberia in the Bush (book review)

     In Search of an African Identity  (narrative of African trip)

     Obama, Political Cynicism, and the Tea Party

     President Omar al-Beshir Do You Know This Man?

     Rudy Interviews Askia Touré

     Telling the Truth about Africa  

     Tending One’s Own Garden (book review of Shaw's "Black Girl")

     Why Africa Ain't Israel in Today's African American Thinking

Runoko Rashidi

     Niger and the National Museum of Niger

Sekou Nkrumah and Akili Mosi Secka

Obama Bombs Africa: Targets African Unity

Sitawa Namwalie

     An African Out in the World

     Blue Eyed Dolls in Africa  

     Dangerous Abroad

     How I Became a Marxist 

     Mind Games and Other Poems

     Queen Africa (and other poems)   

     Say My Name  

     The Seasons of My City 

     Tribe (On Kenyan Political Violence)

    Would You (Poem on Kenyan Violence) 


S. Okechukwu Mezu


     Nigerian Elections 2007: Chronicle of Shame and Deceit


Spring Ulmer

     Back from Rwanda

     Tourism of Death  


Stanton Tierman

     Baltimore's Old Slave Markets, 1835 Well-Established Dealers 

Steve Biko

       Bantu Stephen Biko

     On Black Consciousness

Stephen Millies

     Lynched Mau Mau Leader Dedan Kimathi

Stephen Gowans

     Zimbabwe's Lonely Fight for Justice


Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem

     Deposing Charles Taylor

     Discussion of Arab Racism


Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa


     African Diaspora in the 21st Century

     Haiti after the Press Went Home

     I Am an African

     Nobody ever chose to be a slave

     On Saartjie Baartman


Tom K Alweendo

     Economic Emancipation of Africa and the Way Forward


Uche Nworah  Uche Nworah Table 


     Feminism in Africa

     The Mythology of Igbo Names

     Nke Onye Chiri Ya Zaa!(On Igbo Titles)

     Nigerian Politicians as Gangsters   

     Prime Minister Tony Blair and the African Poverty Crises  


Ugochukwu Ejinkeonye  Ugochukwu Table

     APRM: Will the Dragon Dance in Abuja?

     A Mother Like Stella Obasanjo

     Baroness Lynda Chalker 

     Must Baroness Lynda Chalker Insult Us Too?

     Nigeria: The High Cost Of Neglect

       Nigeria's Gen. Obasanjo An Extortioner? 

   The Pope and "Dictatorship of Relativism"

     Still A Cannibal In Our Midst

     Ugochukwu Interviews Sam Kargbo 

      Where Then Shall We Run To?  


Van G. Garrett


     African Folktales Still Influence Modern Thought  


Victor Dike


     Democracy and Political Life in Nigeria   

     The Osu Caste Discrimination


Victor Lavalle


Beyond the Skin Trade


Walter Bgoya


     From Tanzania to Kansas and Back


W.D. Weatherford


     African Background of the Negro 


W.E.B. Du Bois


     Letter to Yolande 1958  

     Speaks to Africa  (All-African Congress in 1958)


Yambo Ouolohuem


     Bound to Violence Bio & Review

     Interview of Yambo Ouologuem  

     The Legend of the Saifs  

     Night of the Giants 

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Ancient African Nations

Contemporary African Immigrants to The United States  / African immigration to the United States

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African Aid breeds African dependency






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Files on Zimbabwe


Attempt to Defame Grace Mugabe

Black Africa's duty to help Zimbabwe defeat sanctions

Colin Powell on Mugabe 

In The House of Stone

Land Expropriations

The Lynching of Robert Mugabe

The Real Trouble with Zimbabwe

Reporting Zimbabwe

Sanctions on Zimbabwe

Trans-Africa on Mugabe

Zimbabwe and the Question of Imperialism

Zimbabwe's Lonely Fight for Justice


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Response to "Women We Hate"

Rudy, the essay by Folasayo Dele-Ogunrinde is actually very well-written, very intelligently and compassionately argued.  It is also fair and balanced.  All of the issues about which she is concerned are actually treated exhaustively in Women in Chains: Abandonment in Love Relationships in the Fiction of Selected West African Writers (Black Academy Press, 1994)the book is already in featured in the web page you created of my writings in  Rather than lopsided, Folasayo's essay also pinpoints the areas in which Yoruba / Nigerian women (who could somewhat be extended to mean African  women) sell themselves short, and become willing victims of their own oppression.

On the other hand, the rejoining essay (and I really do not care to get into its polemics) trivializes really serious cultural and personal attitudes and issues that determine the happiness or misery of many unfortunate womeneducated or illiterate, urbanized or rural.  His light / frivolous style reminds me of that of the Nigerian writer Chinweizu.

Generally, African male / female relationships have, and will continue to sustain in-depth exploration by all humanist writers / theorists who want a changeindeed an obliterationof those negative features of African culture promoted by male attitudes, dictated by an overblown ego, and by an unjust but entrenched sense of male entitlement.  So much harm is done in the name of culture whereas it is actually all about what is right, human and godly.

Concerned women and empathetic men called gynandristssee  writings by the Kenyan Ngugi wa Thiong'o, the Congolese Henri Lopez, the Camerounian Mongo Beti, Nigerian Isidore Okpewho, and especially Senegalese Ousmane Sembene (moderately Chinua Achebe, and by many other more modern and younger socio-cultural writers)are actually striving to change the retrogressive aspects of the traditional status quo, while retaining the good features that will usher Africa into a period of progress, peace, tolerance and prosperity.  Such revisionists ideas (no doubt to be opposed by the self-indulging male)  are grounded on an equitable treatment of the female population encouraged in ways that will not only empower women but contribute to the maintenance of a stable, family structure - which is the bedrock of African humanism.  Women in Chains . . .  and A History of Africana Women's Literature   (BAP 2004) deal exhaustively with all these.  In all the arguments, enlightened men who are secure in their maleness because thery are successful as well as just have nothing to fear, and everything to gain from any female educated or not who is happy, respected and secure in her womanhood.  Man and womanAfrican or otherwisedeserve to be happy in relationship to each other. Take care.Dr. Rose Ure Mezu

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Files on South Sudan and Darfur Nuba-Darfur-South Sudan Table

Deng and Alek: Lovers Paradise Lost

Lessons and Warnings from South Sudan

Response of Southern Sudanese Intellectuals to African Nationalism

Modern Chinese Tanks for the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF)  

Why South Sudan Wants Obama to Lose White House Bid

With the Lost Boys in Southern Sudan

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African Renaissance  Kwame Nkrumah, Kenyatta, and the Old Order  God Save His Majesty   For Kwame Nkrumah  Night of the Giants

  The Legend of the Saifs    Interview with Yambo Ouologuem    Yambo  Bio & Review     African Renaissance (Journal)


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Nobel Peace Prize Winners are Subjects of Prominent PBS BroadcastsThree women—Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, her compatriot Leymah Gbowee, and pro-democracy campaigner Tawakul Karman of Yemen — have been named co-recipients of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize for their nonviolent role in promoting peace, democracy, and gender equality. Their remarkable stories are part of public media’s Women and Girls Lead pipeline of documentaries. Public media leaders from ITVS, PBS and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting joined the rising chorus of voices congratulating Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, her co-patriot Leymah Gbowee, and pro-democracy campaigner Tawakul Karman of Yemen, the three women named co-recipients of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize “for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work.”

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Related files

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Albert Schweitzer Receives No Negro Applause

African Chief

African Renaissance

African Renaissance (Journal)

African World

Awakening  the Conscience of America  (Bush at Goree2003)

Banda Grandfather of New African Politics   

 Biko and the Problematic of Presence

Biko Biosketch  

Biko Speaks on Africans

Black Education and Afro-Pessimism

Blood, Ink, and Oil

Choosing Sides

Climbing Malcolm's Ladder 

Colin Powell on Mugabe

Communism as Russian Imperialism 

Conference on the Ancient African Literacy Tradition

Control, Conflict, and Change  

Difficulties of Colonization 

Escaping the Black-Bible Belt

Exhibiting Others in West

Fearing Forced Female Genital Mutilation

 For Kwame Nkrumah 

From Parks to Marxism: A Political Evolution

Ghana and The Right to Abode

God Save His Majesty

A Hip Hop Clothing Store Called Nigger

Hottentot Venus 

How to Stop Killing

Hunger for a Black President 

Josephus Roosevelt Coan (missionary)

Kalahari Bushmen win ancestral land case

Kwame Nkrumah, Kenyatta, and the Old Order 

 Lumumba: A Biography 

Major Scholar of Blacks in Antiquity (Frank Snowden)

Master of the Intellectual Dodge

 Minstrelsy and White Expectations

Nkrumah-Lumumba-Nyerere Index

Nonwhite Manhood in America 

No phone, No computer for most Africans 

Ousmane Sembene, African cinema pioneer, dies

Pan African Nationalist Thought  

The Political Thought of James Forman

Reporting South Africa 

Reporting Zimbabwe

Report to African Union Summit

Responsibility of a Pan-African Socialist 

Sanctions on Zimbabwe 

Sara Story 

A Shattered Dream

Tin Mines War Murder Rape Cell Phones

Trans Africa & Progressives on Mugabe

Where the White Man Can't Win

Why Steve Biko Wouldn't Vote 

WTO Summit in Cancun

Zimbabwe's Lonely Fight for Justice


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 Contemporary African Immigrants to The United States  / African immigration to the United States

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African Aid breeds African dependency

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Slave: My True Story

By Mende Nazer

Escape from Slavery: The True Story

of My Ten Years in Captivity and My Journey to Freedom in America

By Francis Bok

Alek: My Life from Sudanese Refugee to International Supermodel

By Alek Wek

The State of African Education (April 200) / Attack On Africans Writing Their Own History Part 1 of 7

Dr Asa Hilliard III speaks on the assault of academia on Africans writing and accounting for their own history.

Dr Hilliard is A teacher, psychologist, and historian.

Part 2 of 7  /  Part 3 of 7  / Part 4 of 7  / Part 5 of 7 / Part 6 of 7  /  Part 7 of 7

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Chinua Achebe wins $300,000 Gish prizePhilip Nwosu—Monday, September 27, 2010—The author of the epic novel, Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe, has emerged winner of the United States Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize. The Gish prize, which was established in 1994 by the Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize Trust and administered by JPMorgan Chase Bank as trustee, is given annually to “a man or woman who has made an outstanding contribution to the beauty of the world and to mankind’s enjoyment and understanding of life.” The prize is worth $300,000. . . . Achebe’s writings examine African politics and chronicle the ways in which African culture and civilization have survived in the post-colonial world. Some of his acclaimed works include A Man of the People (1966) and Anthills of the Savannah (1988). [The 80-year-old author has founded a number of magazines for African art, fiction and poetry.]

Achebe, who is paralyzed from the waist down due to a 1990 car accident, is currently Professor of Africana Studies at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island.—SunNewsOnline

Reading Rose Ure  Mezu   Achebe Preface  Achebe Introduction   Mezu and Achebe: An Inside Knowledge     Women in Achebe's World

Achebe Another Birthday in Exile  Banning Chinua Achebe in Kenya   Okonkwo's Curse  Achebe's Female Characterisation


*   *   *   *   *'s 25 Best Selling Books



#1 - Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark
#2 - Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree
#3 - Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane
#4 - Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper
#5 - Stackin' Paper 2 Genesis' Payback by Joy King
#6 - Thug Lovin' (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark
#7 - When I Get Where I'm Going by Cheryl Robinson
#8 - Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby
#9 - The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane

#10 - Covenant: A Thriller  by Brandon Massey

#11 - Diary Of A Street Diva  by Ashley and JaQuavis

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#16 - The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper

#17 - Player Haters by Carl Weber

#18 - Purple Panties: An Anthology by Sidney Molare

#19 - Stackin' Paper by Joy King

#20 - Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

#21 - The Upper Room by Mary Monroe

#22 – Thug Matrimony  by Wahida Clark

#23 - Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

#24 - Married Men by Carl Weber

#25 - I Dreamt I Was in Heaven - The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter


#1 - Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable
#2 - Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans
#3 - Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane
#4 - Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper
#5 - Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You're Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant
#6 - Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey
#7 - The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight
#8 - The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing
#9 - The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson

#10 - John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History  by Ahati N. N. Toure

#11 - Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley

#12 -The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

#13 - The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

#14 - The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

#15 - Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can't Commit  by RM Johnson

#16 - Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins

#17 - Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell

#18 - A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life's Purpose by Eckhart Tolle

#19 - John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 - Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

#21 - Age Ain't Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice

#22 - 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino
#23 - Chicken Soup for the Prisoner's Soul by Tom Lagana
#24 - 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

#25 - Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class  by Lisa B. Thompson

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The Slave Ship

By Marcus Rediker

In this groundbreaking work, historian and scholar Rediker considers the relationships between the slave ship captain and his crew, between the sailors and the slaves, and among the captives themselves as they endured the violent, terror-filled and often deadly journey between the coasts of Africa and America. While he makes fresh use of those who left their mark in written records (Olaudah Equiano, James Field Stanfield, John Newton), Rediker is remarkably attentive to the experiences of the enslaved women, from whom we have no written accounts, and of the common seaman, who he says was a victim of the slave trade . . . and a victimizer. Regarding these vessels as a strange and potent combination of war machine, mobile prison, and factory, Rediker expands the scholarship on how the ships not only delivered millions of people to slavery, [but] prepared them for it.

He engages readers in maritime detail (how ships were made, how crews were fed) and renders the archival (letters, logs and legal hearings) accessible. Painful as this powerful book often is, Rediker does not lose sight of the humanity of even the most egregious participants, from African traders to English merchants.— Publishers Weekly

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The New Jim Crow

Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness

By Michele Alexander

Contrary to the rosy picture of race embodied in Barack Obama's political success and Oprah Winfrey's financial success, legal scholar Alexander argues vigorously and persuasively that [w]e have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it. Jim Crow and legal racial segregation has been replaced by mass incarceration as a system of social control (More African Americans are under correctional control today... than were enslaved in 1850). Alexander reviews American racial history from the colonies to the Clinton administration, delineating its transformation into the war on drugs. She offers an acute analysis of the effect of this mass incarceration upon former inmates who will be discriminated against, legally, for the rest of their lives, denied employment, housing, education, and public benefits.

Most provocatively, she reveals how both the move toward colorblindness and affirmative action may blur our vision of injustice: most Americans know and don't know the truth about mass incarceration—but her carefully researched, deeply engaging, and thoroughly readable book should change that.—Publishers Weekly

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Blacks in Hispanic Literature: Critical Essays

Edited by Miriam DeCosta-Willis 

Blacks in Hispanic Literature is a collection of fourteen essays by scholars and creative writers from Africa and the Americas. Called one of two significant critical works on Afro-Hispanic literature to appear in the late 1970s, it includes the pioneering studies of Carter G. Woodson and Valaurez B. Spratlin, published in the 1930s, as well as the essays of scholars whose interpretations were shaped by the Black aesthetic. The early essays, primarily of the Black-as-subject in Spanish medieval and Golden Age literature, provide an historical context for understanding 20th-century creative works by African-descended, Hispanophone writers, such as Cuban Nicolás Guillén and Ecuadorean poet, novelist, and scholar Adalberto Ortiz, whose essay analyzes the significance of Negritude in Latin America.

This collaborative text set the tone for later conferences in which writers and scholars worked together to promote, disseminate, and critique the literature of Spanish-speaking people of African descent. . . . Cited by a literary critic in 2004 as "the seminal study in the field of Afro-Hispanic Literature . . . on which most scholars in the field 'cut their teeth'."

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Speaking Truth to Power: Selected Pan-African Postcards

By Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem (Author)

 Salim Ahmed Salim (Preface), Horace Campbell (Foreword)

Dr Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem's untimely death on African Liberation Day 2009 stunned the Pan-African world. This selection of his Pan-African postcards, written between 2003 and 2009, demonstrates the brilliant wordsmith he was, his steadfast commitment to Pan-Africanism, and his determination to speak truth to power. He was a discerning analyst of developments in the global and Pan-African world and a vociferous believer in the potential of Africa and African people; he wrote his weekly postcards for over a decade. This book demonstrates Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem's ability to express complex ideas in an engaging manner. The Pan-African philosophy on diverse but intersecting themes presented in this book offers a legacy of his political, social, and cultural thought.

Represented here are his fundamental respect for the capabilities, potential and contribution of women in transforming Africa; penetrating truths directed at African politicians and their conduct; and deliberations on the institutional progress towards African union. He reflects on culture and emphasises the commonalities of African people.

Also represented are his denunciations of international financial institutions, the G8 and NGOs in Africa, with incisive analysis of imperialism's manifestations and impact on the lives of African people, and his passion for eliminating poverty in Africa. His personality bounces off the page—one can almost hear the passion of his voice, 'Don't Agonise! Organise!'

Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem (1961-2009) was a Rhodes scholar and obtained his D. Phil in Politics from Oxford University. In 1990 he became Coordinator of the Africa Research and Information Bureau and the founding editor of Africa World Review. He co-founded and led Justice Africa's work, becoming its Executive Director in 2004, and combined this with his role as General Secretary of the Pan-African Movement. He was chair of the Centre for Democracy and Development and of the Pan-African Development Education and Advocacy Programme in Uganda and became the UN Millennium Development Campaign's Deputy Director in 2006.

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

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