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Willie Ricks 60s Civil Rights Worker 

Invited to Speak to Students on Campus

Beaten Severely by Morehouse Police

The cry for BLACK POWER was coined by one Willie Ricks aka Mukasa Dada



Why Are We Afraid Of Our Living History?

By Pastor Mmoja Ajabu

Just what is it? Atlanta is supposed to be the citadel of the civil rights struggle, yet the living history of the era are beat down like they are crack head criminals on the corner. Mukasa (Willie Ricks) called last night. From our conversation I understand that Mukasa was on the Morehouse Campus because he was invited by a professor to speak to the professor's class.

Years ago Mukasa had been barred from Morehouse's campus for trying to mobilize the students to be a part of our struggle for our people's freedom. However, due to the legitimate invitation he decided to ignore the citation he had received many years ago that barred him from the campus and honor the request of the professor. When the cops saw him they confronted him and violently escorted him off the campus. Elaine Brown, former Commander for the Black Panther Party, informs me that this same Officer C. Cox had in years past escorted her off of Morehouse's campus because she was passing out political flyers. There appears to be a pattern by Officer Cox to prevent Black Civil Rights leaders from educating the youth that attend Morehouse College about the struggle. Why are we afraid of our history?

More concisely, why is Officer Cox so bent on our youth staying uninformed? Both Elaine and Mukasa have laid their lives on the line so Morehouse can continue to exist. In my opinion, the fear of our history is bigger than Morehouse. Police were sent to serve a warrant in the middle of the night on Jamil Al-Amin (H. Rap Brown).

A Black woman was in charge of the Fulton County Sheriff Department. This woman probably owes her ability to be Sheriff in part to the efforts of Jamil Al-Amin, Mukasa, Elaine Brown, and a host of others who lives are now premature memories because of their efforts in our struggle. It was these people who were at the forefront getting beat in the head, sometimes until dead, because they were registering Black people to vote.

How do the Black people who have benefited from these he-roes and she-roes now turn around and beat them down, run them off of campuses, even put them in jail under the threat of death? Black people, we cannot be afraid of our history! Our history is what will help us to understand what to do now so we have a better future. Mukasa, Elaine, Jamil, etc. must be allowed on historically black campus to teach our children our history straight from the mouths of those who were there when the history was being made.

Mukasa has informed me that there will be a demonstration at Morehouse to heighten this contradiction. Since we are right at the time when the school will let out for Christmas break we are planning the demonstration for January around Dr. King's birthday when the students will be back in school. Until then continue to call the President of Morehouse and express your outrage at the treatment Mukasa has experienced at the hands of Morehouse police, especially Officer C. Cox. We must embrace our history, not be afraid of it. It is very important for our children to know our history so they will know themselves. Our struggle continues.  

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Who Is Mukasa Dada?

1. Civil Rights Leader, Elder, Father, Organizer, Orator
2. Field Secretary of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
3. "The fiery orator of SNCC" - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in his 1967 book, Where Do We Go From Here
4. "Willie Ricks must rank as one of those unknown heroes who captured the mood of history. In calling for Black Power, he caught the essence of the spirit, moving Black people in the United States and around the world who were poor, Black, and without power" - James Forman of SNCC
5. Popularized of the chant, "Black Power"

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1. Call Morehouse Police: 1-404-215-2666
Call Morehouse President, Dr. Massey: 1-404-215-2645
Call Morehouse Public Relations: 1-404-614-3788
2. Fax Letters to Morehouse #1: 1-404-659-6536
Fax Letters to Morehouse #2: 1-404-215-2729
3. Mail Letters To Dr. Walter E. Massey Morehouse College 830 Westview Drive, S.W.
Atlanta, GA 30314

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* Fire involved officers (officer C. Cox and others)
* Public written apology
* All charges dropped
* Restitution for Mukasa Dada and his family for medical services andhumiliation


* Police Department notified that acts of brutality must be punished.
* Public awareness of police brutality will be heightened.
* Public will know that police often use false arrest to hide their own criminal intent.
* Mukasa Dada will receive financial restitution.

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Mukasa Ricks is one of the greatest of all activists produced by the turbulent 1960s in the Southern portion of the United States. His activities have carried him all over this country and throughout the African World in an effort to eliminate the misery and suffering that peoples of African descent have been subjected to ever since the slave trade depopulated Africa of million of its sons and daughters.

As the Field Secretary for the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Ricks organized countless sit-ins, marches, demonstrations, and boycotts—all of which ere instrumental in destroying the overt forms of Jim Crow and racial oppression that were so prevalent in the United States less than thirty years ago.

Mukasa Ricks was introduced to the Civil Rights Movement in 1960 in Chattanooga, Tennessee, at the age of 17. For two years he was active in Chattanooga while working with the local NAACP chapter in the sit-in movement. Quickly he became a hero in the African American community and as a result, persons in the white community made attempts on his life and the lives of his family members. Cars were burned in their yard and their neighbors were harassed.

In 1961, Ricks was contacted by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to help voter registration in Chattanooga. Speaking the language of the rural African American community, he became on e of the South’s most powerful organizer’s. Ricks continued organizing in Chattanooga until he was asked to come to Georgia by the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in 1962. As a result he became a part of SNCC’s first Direct Action Program in Albany, Georgia where he first began to build a long-term working relationship with Martin Luther King, Jr.

Ricks continued organizing for SNCC in Georgia, and then in Alabama, Mississippi and throughout the South. While organizing in Mississippi in 1964, he helped to build the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) along with Fannie Lou Hamer and others. Subsequently, Ricks returned to Alabama and helped to organize the Lowndes County Freedom Organization. This organization became known as the Black Panther Party and was the first group inside the movement to defend themselves with guns.

By this time, Ricks, who was speaking on the same platforms with Dr. King and other important figures, had become one of the leading organizers and speakers for SNCC in particular and the movement in general. Having participated in hundreds of sit-ins, stand-ins, demonstrations, pickets and marches, Ricks paid the price by being jailed, beaten, bitten by dogs and shot. While organizing once in Americus, Georgia, he was shot at by the police which resulted in him being gazed and left with a scare he still has today.

In January of 1966, Mukasa was a key organizer in Tuskegee, Alabama where Sammy Young Jr. was shot in the head with a shotgun for using a “White Only” toilet. During this same year, SNCC put Ricks in charge of organizing students under what was called Campus Traveler’s Program.

Ricks also traveled extensively with Kwame Ture (formerly Stokely Carmichael) and spoke in the same platforms with him wherever he spoke. In fact, when Ture stepped down as the Chairman of SNCC, Ricks was the leading candidate to replace him but chose to work more quietly in the background. Consequently, when H. Rap Brown was selected as the Chairman of SNCC, Ricks was appointed to travel with Brown in order to show him the ropes.

In February of 1968, when over sixty-nine students were shot in the Orangeburg massacre at South Carolina State College, Ricks was one of the key organizers.

Rick’s organizing activities were so effective that the state of Georgia declared him to be one of the ten most dangerous persons in the state in 1973. As a result the police were requested not to approach his house by themselves but, instead, to signal “39” which meant “Police in Stress, Need Help.” It has been documented that they were given orders to shoot to kill!

Ricks has remained active ever since he first stated out in Chattanooga in 1960. He is one of the most committed activists and charismatic speakers around. The experiences he shares and the message he gives is powerful and needs to be heard by all.

Sources: /

posted 8 December 2005

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Fannie Lou Hamer's speech at the 1964 DNC  / Ella Baker: The Mother of the Civil Rights Movement

Steps: Sunni  / Sunni Patterson we know this place  / "Niggas" don't make it....

Sunni Patterson on 2cent TV  / Sunni Patterson Live at The Signature

Sunni Patterson at the 2010 US Social Forum  / Sunni Patterson  / Sunni Patterson What You Fightin For?

More than a poet, more than a singer, more than an emceeit's not just what she says, it's how she says it.  Emerging from the musical womb that is New Orleans, artist and visionary Sunni Patterson combines the heritage and tradition of her Native town with an enlightened modern worldview to create music and poetry that is timeless in its groove. Sunni has been a featured performer at the many of Nation's premier spoken word venues, including HBO's Def Poetry Jam.  She has also had the privilege of speaking at the Panafest in Ghana, West Africa.

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Wild Women Don’t Have the Blues

                                                         By Ida Cox

I hear these women raving 'bout their monkey men
About their fighting husbands and their no good friends
These poor women sit around all day and moan
Wondering why their wandering papas don't come home
But wild women don't worry, wild women don't have the blues.

Now when you've got a man, don't ever be on the square
'Cause if you do he'll have a woman everywhere
I never was known to treat no one man right
I keep 'em working hard both day and night
because wild women don't worry, wild women don't have no blues.

I've got a disposition and a way of my own
When my man starts kicking I let him find another home
I get full of good liquor, walk the streets all night
Go home and put my man out if he don't act right
Wild women don't worry, wild women don't have no blues

You never get nothing by being an angel child
You better change your ways and get real wild
I wanna tell you something, I wouldn't tell you no lie
Wild women are the only kind that ever get by
Wild women don't worry, wild women don't have no blues.

 Born Ida Prather,25 February 1896 in Toccoa, Habersham County, Georgia, United States. Died 10 November 1967 (aged 71) Genres Jazz, Blues Instruments Vocalist.

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Guarding the Flame of Life / Strange Fruit Lynching Report


A thousand voices / agonizing in deep / water with no / relief in sight -- "Exodus"   Artwork by Charles Siler, N'awlins Survivor

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The Persistence of the Color Line

Racial Politics and the Obama Presidency

By Randall Kennedy

Among the best things about The Persistence of the Color Line is watching Mr. Kennedy hash through the positions about Mr. Obama staked out by black commentators on the left and right, from Stanley Crouch and Cornel West to Juan Williams and Tavis Smiley. He can be pointed. Noting the way Mr. Smiley consistently “voiced skepticism regarding whether blacks should back Obama” . . .

The finest chapter in The Persistence of the Color Line is so resonant, and so personal, it could nearly be the basis for a book of its own. That chapter is titled “Reverend Wright and My Father: Reflections on Blacks and Patriotism.”  Recalling some of the criticisms of America’s past made by Mr. Obama’s former pastor, Mr. Kennedy writes with feeling about his own father, who put each of his three of his children through Princeton but who “never forgave American society for its racist mistreatment of him and those whom he most loved.” 

His father distrusted the police, who had frequently called him “boy,” and rejected patriotism. Mr. Kennedy’s father “relished Muhammad Ali’s quip that the Vietcong had never called him ‘nigger.’ ” The author places his father, and Mr. Wright, in sympathetic historical light.

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The Last Holiday: A Memoir

By Gil Scott Heron

Shortly after we republished The Vulture and The Nigger Factory, Gil started to tell me about The Last Holiday, an account he was writing of a multi-city tour that he ended up doing with Stevie Wonder in late 1980 and early 1981. Originally Bob Marley was meant to be playing the tour that Stevie Wonder had conceived as a way of trying to force legislation to make Martin Luther King's birthday a national holiday. At the time, Marley was dying of cancer, so Gil was asked to do the first six dates. He ended up doing all 41. And Dr King's birthday ended up becoming a national holiday ("The Last Holiday because America can't afford to have another national holiday"), but Gil always felt that Stevie never got the recognition he deserved and that his story needed to be told. The first chapters of this book were given to me in New York when Gil was living in the Chelsea Hotel. Among the pages was a chapter called Deadline that recounts the night they played Oakland, California, 8 December; it was also the night that John Lennon was murdered.

Gil uses Lennon's violent end as a brilliant parallel to Dr King's assassination and as a biting commentary on the constraints that sometimes lead to newspapers getting things wrong. Jamie Byng, Guardian

Gil_reads_"Deadline" (audio)  / Gil Scott-Heron & His Music  Gil Scott Heron Blue Collar  Remember Gil Scott- Heron

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

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W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery / George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

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